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  • Hi guys! Dan here for BBC Learning English with this week's Learner Question.

  • Find out what it is after this.

  • OK! This week's learner question comes from...

  • Ashfaq from Pakistan, who says, "What is the difference between these two sentences: 'How are you?' and 'How do you do?'"

  • Well, Ashfaq, "How do you do?" is quite formal and it's not used much these days.

  • You might possibly use it the first time you meet somebody for business or with somebody very, very important.

  • It's usually accompanied with a handshake.

  • The response to "How do you do?" is: "How do you do", but with a slightly different emphasis.

  • For example, - How do you do? - How do you do?"

  • Did you see the difference?

  • You could also say: "I'm pleased to meet you" or "It's very nice to meet you."

  • "How are you?" is used in both informal and formal circumstances.

  • So, usually it's quite a good question to begin a conversation with.

  • It's a question which asks about the other person's state of being.

  • But don't go into too much detail when you give the answer.

  • Standard replies include, "Very well thank you", "I'm fine thanks,"

  • And, of course, it's traditional to then return the question to the other person and ask, "And yourself?", "And you?", "How are you?"

  • Very informal greetings include, "Hey", "Hi", "Hiya", "Heya", and are often accompanied by questions such as, "What's up?", "What's going on?", and "How's things?"

  • Finally, if we're talking about formal greetings, we should also talk about formal farewells.

  • Again, these are usually accompanied with a handshake.

  • And we might say, "It was a pleasure meeting you."

  • Or "It's been great meeting you. Thank you very much for your time."

  • Thank you for your time, Ashfaq. I hope that's answered your question.

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  • That's it for this week's Learners' Question. I'll see you next time.

Hi guys! Dan here for BBC Learning English with this week's Learner Question.

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A2 UK question formal accompanied learner question handshake learner

'How are you' and 'How do you do'' - Learners' Questions

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    Yukiko posted on 2019/05/12
Video vocabulary