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  • On the twenty forth of January 1571,

  • Manila City was discovered by Spanish

  • Conqueror, Miguel Lopez de Legaspi.

  • Then allocated a piece of land

  • where a church was established under the

  • name of La Purisima Immaculada Conception.

  • After a year, a parish stood in the place

  • which later on lead to the inauguration

  • of a Cathedralbuilt from different

  • materials such as wood, bamboo, and nipa.

  • On 1583, a fire razed the city which

  • burnt the easily combustible Cathedral.

  • Almost two centuries went by, a Baroque

  • Themed Cathedral stood under the headship

  • of a Florentine Architect named

  • Juan de Uguccioni.

  • Beside it was an octagonal bell-clock

  • tower and a Truncated Cupola

  • at its transept.

  • Its facade closely resembled the

  • Church of II Gesu in Rome, Italy.

  • On September 16, 1852, an earthquake hit

  • Manila that collapsed the Cathedral

  • to the ground.

  • In 1858, the Cathedral sported

  • an entirely new look.

  • Engineer Don Nicolas Valdes renounced the

  • Baroque design and introduced Neoclassism.

  • The octagonal bell-clock tower was

  • retained beside the Cathedral

  • and had a new paint job.

  • Its Cupola was redesigned from a

  • truncated form to a hemispherical dome.

  • On June 3, 1863, a strong earthquake

  • struck Manila again, shattering

  • the Cathedral into rubbles.

  • In 1879, the Cathedral rose once again

  • to become the city's premier temple.

  • Architect Don Vicente Serrano y Salaverri

  • employed a Romanesque-Byzantine edifice.

  • The octagonal bell-clock tower stood

  • still beside the Cathedral

  • despite the number of earthquakes

  • the city experienced.

  • A dome raised on a fenestrated drum

  • marked the nave and transept crossing

  • of the Cathedral.

  • The main façade is graced by statues

  • of famous saints sculpted in Molave wood.

  • In 1945, the Cathedral was ruthlessly

  • bombed along with the rest of Intramuros

  • during the Battle of Liberation.

  • In 1958, the Cathedral rose phoenix-like

  • from the desolate ruins of

  • the old cathedral.

  • Architect Fernando Ocampo designed it

  • based from the previous structure

  • but avoided meticulously duplicating it.

  • The Cathedral featured a new bell-clock

  • tower replacing the long-lived

  • octagonal tower.

  • Its octagonal cupola was characterized by

  • eight pairs of stained glass windows

  • enabling a dramatic light

  • to enter its interior.

  • Viewing from the top, the Cathedral

  • is in cruciform with three-naves.

  • The statues of the saints were recreated

  • using Roman travertine stone.

  • In April 27, 1981, Pope John Paul II

  • elevated the cathedral into a minor

  • basilica as it witnessed important

  • religious activities.

  • Like all successful stories,

  • the Manila Cathedral has always managed

  • to withstand all the hurdles thrown at it.

  • It is the cycle of life that defined

  • history and will always be a constant

  • continuance of our story.

On the twenty forth of January 1571,

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Manila Cathedral: An Architectural Evolution

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    Caurora posted on 2019/02/03
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