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  • 1. Camera shot A camera shot is the amount of space that

  • is seen in one shot or frame. A close-up contains just one character's face. This enables viewers

  • to understand the actor's emotions and also allows them to feel empathy for the character.

  • This is also known as a personal shot.

  • An extreme long shot contains a large amount of landscape. It is often used at the beginning

  • of a scene or a film to establish general location like the setting. This is also known as

  • an establishing shot.

  • 2. Camera angles: high angle Camera angles are used to position the viewer

  • so that they can understand the relationships between the characters.

  • A high angle is a camera angle that looks down upon a subject. A character shot with

  • a high angle will look vulnerable or small.

  • 3. Camera angles: low angle

  • This is the opposite of a high angle and makes a character look more powerful. This can make

  • the audience feel vulnerable and small by looking up at the character. We feel sorry

  • for LAZA here because she seems to have gotten in trouble with something!

  • 4. Lighting Lighting creates atmosphere.

  • What kind of atmosphere is created in a room lit by candles? Feels more calm and serene, even more romantic.

  • A dark or shadowy room might be eerie or scary.

  • 5. Mise en SceneMise en sceneliterally translates from

  • french to 'put in scene' and refers to all the objects and characters in a particular

  • frame. More specifically, it refers to the composition of the frame. When you use the

  • term mise en scene, you are discussing where the composer or director has placed all the

  • elements of the scene within the frame.

  • In this scene we can see how frazzled LAZA is - the watch,

  • the great number books, and the hair shows that she's probably in a rush or stressed!

  • 6. Sound: Diegetic sound is sound that occurs in film that is natural. These sounds include

  • doors opening and closing,

  • and footsteps.

  • Basically anything that is a naturally occuring sound INSIDE the film is diegetic sound. Imagine

  • that the film is real. If you could hear that sound in real life, it is diegetic.

  • 7. Sound: Non-Diegetic sound is sound that is added to the film during editing. These

  • music that sets mood for films

  • Any sound that would not occur if the film were real is non-diegetic sound. For example,

  • when you are sad, violins do not suddenly start playing! Sound again, adds further meaning.

  • 8. Editing

  • Dissolve This occurs when one scene slowly fades into

  • another. This is often done to show the link between two scenes or the passing of time.

  • For example, we have Laza prancing around in the park here

  • and the dissolve shows that she's now sleeping

  • so some time has probably passed and we've taken out the boring stuff

  • like when she walks home.

  • Wipes There are a variety of wipes. Wipes are used

  • as transitional techniques between scenes. The following are examples of wipes. Pay close

  • attention to how these wipes link scenes and therefore help to shape meaning.

  • You can see here that Laza is on the couch

  • Laza is brushing her teeth

  • Laza's studying, which gives you a better idea of what her days are like.

  • 9. Camera movement

  • Panning is used to give the viewer a panoramic view of a set or setting. This can be used

  • to establish a scene.

  • For example, it's quite clear here that this is some sort of park

  • that Laza has been prancing in.

  • 10. Special Effects Special effects are used when a sequence or

  • scene in a film cannot be achieved through the usual techniques.

  • Here we have kaleidoscope. Kaleidoscope is often used for confusion, or, a different mental state than normal

  • And these are just a few of the essential film techniques you need to know in order to start studying a film! Good luck!

  • Hey everyone! I hope you enjoyed this video

  • and if you did, you can check out my first video in this studying film series on 10 HACKS

  • FOR STUDYING FILMS and, just below that I've got my winter workshops coming up for VCE Study Guides

  • If you're in year 11 or year 12 studying English AND English Language, then these workshops are perfect for you!

  • I'm going to be at every single one of them!

  • We've got a few sign ups already so I'm sooo excited!

  • So hopefully get to see more of you there definitely go ahead and check it out!

  • If don't want to wait until the next video, you can receive extra special subscriber's

  • videos only via VCE Study Guides newsletter through our website, so jump over there and

  • sign up to receive VIP access to information :)

  • I'm OUT!! Cya guys!

1. Camera shot A camera shot is the amount of space that

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A2 US film scene sound angle camera shot

Film techniques for students

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    Pedroli Li posted on 2019/01/29
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