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  • Hi Bob the Canadian here.

  • You can see behind me that we have quite a few clouds today.

  • So I thought I would do a video to help you learn English and talk about rain and snow

  • - where rain goes after it falls and kind of just teach you some English along the way.

  • So if you look up in the sky behind me you can see that we have some dark clouds.

  • We could call these dark clouds.

  • We could call them rain clouds.

  • If they were a little bit darker I would probably call them storm clouds, and two things fall

  • out of the sky, two kinds of water.

  • We have raindrops, so a raindrop is, is the smallest little drop of water that falls out

  • of the sky.

  • And you can't quite see it but the other thing that can fall is snow, and snow falls

  • as snowflakes.

  • So you can have raindrops that fall out of the sky and you can have snowflakes.

  • There's a couple different kinds of rain that falls out of the sky.

  • You can have a drizzle.

  • A drizzle is when hardly any rain is falling out of the sky.

  • You can have a sprinkling.

  • You can say it's sprinkling outside.

  • When it's sprinkling outside it means that even bigger drops are falling.

  • You could have a light shower.

  • A light shower would be when you almost need an umbrella if there's a light shower.

  • And then you can say it's pouring rain.

  • And when it's pouring rain there is just a lot of rain.

  • So if you look right here you can see puddles.

  • After it rains you end up with puddles which are small pools of water that form on driveways,

  • in parking lots.

  • This particular set of puddles that is in my driveway at home.

  • And puddles, they kind of stay until the sun dries them up.

  • And we call that evaporating.

  • We say that the sun causes the water to evaporate.

  • So these puddles, they don't go anywhere.

  • The water doesn't flow anywhere, and we just have to wait a few days for them to evaporate

  • or for them to dry up.

  • That's kind of fun!

  • So if you look way up there on my shed we have what we call an eavestrough.

  • An eavestrough is a gutter, it's a trough along the side of a building so that when

  • it rains the water goes from the roof into the eavestrough.

  • From there - I'll zoom up a bit if I can - from there you'll see that the eavestrough

  • is connected to a downspout.

  • I'm not sure I went high enough.

  • And the downspout takes the water down.

  • So this over here, this is the downspout.

  • This one just opens onto the ground.

  • On my house the downspout goes into a cistern which is a place where you can store water.

  • So I'm, I'm standing out here along the road.

  • You can see the road over there, and this right here is what we call a ditch.

  • So when it rains, when the rain hits the road over there it flows off the road into the

  • ditch, and the ditch takes all that water down the road usually to a stream or river,

  • we'll go look at that in a minute.

  • So a ditch isn't just something you'll find along the road.

  • You'll also have ditches in fields.

  • So this is a small ditch in this field so that the water has somewhere to go when it

  • rains.

  • So behind me here we have a small stream.

  • It's flowing underneath this bridge here and you can see the stream has fairly fast

  • moving water and it's very shallow.

  • Streams are usually fairly shallow.

  • If it was summer and it was warmer you could walk through the stream because it's only

  • about this deep.

  • So we would call this a stream, you can also call it a brook.

  • And if you've ever heard the the term “a babbling brook”, if I stop talking for a

  • minute here you'll be able to hear this stream makes kind of a babbling sound so let's,

  • let's listen to it, not the car going over the bridge.

  • So hopefully you could hear that a bit as the water flows over the rocks, it's like

  • the stream is talking a little bit.

  • So behind me you'll see what we call a pond.

  • I'm not sure exactly how to describe a pond.

  • It's definitely bigger than a puddle, and it's smaller than a lake.

  • So it's really just a small body of water.

  • So behind me you'll see a river.

  • A river is obviously a lot bigger than a stream or brook.

  • Once the rain has fallen, and the raindrops have flowed through ditches and streams, eventually

  • all of the water ends up in the river.

  • And rivers are really cool because people can do recreational activities on a river.

  • You can go fishing on a river.

  • It's big enough that it will have fish.

  • You can go boating on a river.

  • You can go canoeing on a river.

  • So I was on my way to the lake and we're still going there by the way, but I was driving

  • by this river, this is called the Grand River, and I remembered that there was a couple of

  • things I forgot to mention about rivers.

  • One is the edge of a river is called the riverbank.

  • And sometimes the water in a river can rise, and the water can go over the bank and you

  • can have a flood.

  • So a flood is when water goes where it's not supposed to go.

  • Rivers do that quite often where the water level will rise, especially in the spring

  • in Canada because everything melts.

  • So as all the snow and ice melts the water rises in the river and sometimes it floods,

  • goes over the bank of the river and you have a flood.

  • So let's, let's keep going so we can get to the lake.

  • So behind me is a river and that river flows into a lake.

  • You can see the pier behind me and a small lighthouse.

  • And way in the distance all of that water is a lake.

  • This lake is called Lake Erie.

  • I'm going to walk out to the end of the pier, as I'm walking out if you look back,

  • one of the cool things about lakes is they often have a beach - a sandy beach.

  • So similar to the ocean, lakes sometimes have a beach, obviously in the middle of January

  • no one's swimming, but there is a bit of a sandy beach there where in the summer you

  • could come and wear your bathing suit and go for a little swim.

  • You can also see there's a few waves coming in, there's a few waves rolling in so lakes

  • are big enough that they have waves.

  • We're at the end of the pier now.

  • You can see the lighthouse, I'm just climbing up a few steps here, and then I'll give

  • you a, a nice view of Lake Erie.

  • It's, it's big.

  • Here we go.

  • Are you ready?

  • So that's a lake.

  • So the biggest body of water is an ocean or the sea, and I'm not really able to show

  • you that today because I don't live close to the ocean or the sea, but eventually all

  • of the water from our rivers and lakes and streams makes its way to the ocean.

  • I'm sure some of you live close to an ocean.

  • If you do maybe mention it in the comments below that'd be really cool to hear if some

  • of you live close to the Pacific Ocean or the Atlantic Ocean.

  • But anyways.

  • Bob the Canadian.

  • Learn English with Bob the Canadian.

  • Thanks for watching this video.

  • Don't forget to click the subscribe button below and give me a thumbs up and share this

  • video with a friend if you know someone who's learning English.

  • I think I'm just going to stay here for a little bit and enjoy the view.

  • It's beautiful.

  • Sun's coming down.

  • It's hitting the water really nice.

  • And it's just a nice day out by the lake.

  • It's a little cold, but, it's Canada.

  • See you next week.

Hi Bob the Canadian here.

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A2 US river water lake stream ditch ocean

Let's Learn English by Rivers, Lakes, and Streams | A Video to Learn English with Subtitles

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    蔡天羽 posted on 2019/01/10
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