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  • African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and wild boar that is usually deadly.

  • There are neither vaccines nor cures.

  • For this reason, it has serious socio-economic consequences in affected countries.

  • The virus can persist for several months in the environment and in carcasses.

  • Curing or smoking pork products does not always destroy it.

  • Humans are not susceptible to the disease, but they can spread it through contaminated clothes or equipment.

  • The clinical signs of African swine fever are variable and not always easy to recognise.

  • Typically, diseased animals will show some or all of the following symptoms:

  • High fever.

  • Weakness and reluctance to stand.

  • Vomiting.

  • Diarrhoea (sometimes bloody).

  • Red or blue coloured skin, particularly around the ears and snout.

  • Coughing and difficulty breathing.

  • Miscarriage, stillbirths and weak litters.

  • Most of the diseased animals will die within 10 days.

  • Domestic pigs can be infected in a number of ways including:

  • Contact with contagious pigs purchased in affected areas.

  • Being fed with kitchen waste (it has been regulated and prohibited by EU law since 1980).

  • Contact with contaminated materials, for instance from people wearing contaminated footwear or clothing.

  • Contact your official veterinarian immediately if you suspect African swine fever has infected your herd.

  • Do not move your animals from the farm.

  • Always change clothing and footwear when leaving the farm.

  • Before purchasing feed, litter or pigs, ensure that they come from trustworthy farms that have carried out the necessary measures to protect their farms from the virus.

  • Do not allow your pigs to have contact with wild boar or pigs from other farms.

  • Never feed kitchen waste to pigs.

  • Avoid outdoor farming in areas affected by African swine fever.

  • Do not acquire pork or pork products from affected areas which could cause risk.

  • Wild boar hunters should not come into contact with domestic pigs after hunting.

  • Hunters and farmers should not leave offal from wild boar or domestic pigs in the fields and forests.

  • Do not leave food or waste in areas where wild boar may be present.

  • Contact official veterinary authorities when you find a dead wild boar even if the area has not been affected by African swine fever.

African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and wild boar that is usually deadly.

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African Swine Fever: how to stay one step ahead

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    吱吱 posted on 2018/12/21
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