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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. My name is Carl Azuz.

  • First up today, more talks but no negotiations.

  • President Obama invited congressional leaders to the White House yesterday to discuss the U.S. government shutdown.

  • That meeting was scheduled to happen after we`ve produced this program.

  • The shutdown has to do with government spending, but the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, is also part of what`s going on here.

  • President Obama, of course, heads the government`s executive branch.

  • Obamacare is his health care reform law.

  • He`s accused Republicans of using it as leverage in the debate over funding the federal government.

  • BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE U.S.: This Republican shutdown did not have to happen, but I want every American to understand why it did happen.

  • Republicans in the House of Representatives refused to fund the government unless we defunded or dismantled the Affordable Care Act.

  • I will not negotiate over Congress` responsibility to pay bills it`s already racked up.

  • I`m not going to allow anybody to drag the good name of the United States of America through the mud just to re-fight a settled election or extract ideological demands.

  • Nobody gets to hurt our economy and millions of hard-working families over a law you don`t like.

  • AZUZ: Harry Reid is the U.S. Senate majority leader.

  • His party, the Democrats, holds the most seats in the Senate.

  • Senator Reid says he`ll work with the House on budget issues, but not if it`s all about the health care law.

  • John Boehner is the speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.

  • His Republican Party holds the most seats there.

  • Speaker Boehner and other Republicans want to include changes to Obamacare in any spending plan that would end the shutdown,

  • and the speaker accuses President Obama and Democrats of refusing to negotiate on health care reforms.

  • REP. JOHN BOEHNER, R-OHIO, HOUSE SPEAKER: This is an issue of fairness.

  • How can we give waivers and breaks to all the big union guys out there,

  • how do we give a break to all the big businesses out there,

  • and yet stick our constituents with a bill that they don`t want and a bill they can`t afford?

  • That`s what this fight is all about.

  • I talked to the president earlier tonight.

  • I`m not going to negotiate.

  • I`m not going to negotiate. We`re not going to do this.

  • Well, I will say to the president, this is not about me and it`s not about Republicans here in Congress.

  • It`s about fairness for the American people.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can ID me.

  • I once covered parts of three continents.

  • I`m a historical empire that began in 27 BC.

  • I was centered on the current capital of Italy.

  • I`m the Roman Empire, and I stretched from Britain to the Black Sea, and down to Northern Africa.

  • AZUZ: You just never know what you`ll turn up in a land so rich in history.

  • Last winter, it was King Richard III in Leicester, England.

  • Poor Richard, who died in the year 1485, found in a shallow grave under a parking lot.

  • This fall, people working on a new train route dug up this - about 20 human skulls near what used to be a tributary of the river Thames.

  • Some think these could belong to people who rebelled against the Roman occupation in Britain.

  • That would date them somewhere from the year 60, as in 60, AD.

  • Or they might have just washed downriver from a Roman burial ground.

  • Either way, they`re old.

  • And even though they were found under a 16th century cemetery, they are believed to predate that by 1500 years.

  • How often does that happen?

  • It`s actually very often in Britain.

  • During this train project alone, workers have uncovered mammoth bones and the remains of victims from the Black Plague.

  • Just imagine, one minute you`re working on a train line,

  • the next you`re stumbling across one of thousands of archaeological items from a nation`s rich and often violent past.

  • Yesterday, we talked about conservationist Philippe Cousteau and his EarthEcho expedition following the water that flows into the Chesapeake Bay.

  • One of his goals was to raise awareness about protecting natural resources.

  • He didn`t make the journey alone.

  • Cousteau worked with students who hoped to make a difference in helping part of that ecosystem.

  • PHILIPPE COUSTEAU, CONSERVATIONIST: I`m Philippe Cousteau for CNN STUDENT NEWS, and we`re here as part of EarthEcho expeditions into the dead zone.

  • Grace and all of these students have participated in a project this summer to restore this stream, and the word of the day is conservation.

  • Grace, tell me a little bit about what you did here to improve the health of the stream (ph).

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We created a log (ph) deflector, and it helps introduce more oxygen back into the water.

  • It also creates a fish habitat, and it helps deposit silt downstream.

  • COUSTEAU: Outstanding. It`s a perfect example of the kind of work that students can do to help improve

  • not only the health of the rivers and streams in this community, but also all downstream to improve the problem with the Chesapeake Bay dead zone as well.

  • AZUZ: Teachers, there`s more on this, and you`re going to love it.

  • If you go to the resources box at cnnstudentnews.com, you`re going to find a link to the EarthEcho site.

  • It has more on Philippe Cousteau`s work, including educational materials.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for the shoutout.

  • Which of these muscles is in the human leg?

  • If you think you know it, then shout it out.

  • Is it the gastrocnemius, thyrohyoid (ph), trapezius (ph) or coseras (ph)?

  • You`ve got 3 seconds, go.

  • The gastrocnemius is a muscle in your calf.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • AZUZ: Craig Hutto does not have a gastrocnemius on his right leg.

  • At least not one made out of bone and muscle.

  • He lost his right leg in an accident eight years ago, but doctors took a page out of a classic TV show.

  • We can rebuild him, we have the technology.

  • Now, Craig is kind of a test pilot for a bionic leg.

  • One that`s designed to act like muscle instead of like metal.

  • CRAIG HUTTO, LOST LEG IN ACCIDENT: Back in 2005, I was on vacation with my family.

  • My brother and I were fishing out on a sandbar.

  • Something came up and bumped me on my left leg, and then grabbed me on my right leg.

  • And it turned out to be a shark.

  • There was just so much tissue damage gone that the physicians had to either choose life or limb, and so that`s when they amputated my leg.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The typical prosthesis for an above-knee amputee, you can`t go up slopes, you can`t go up stairs in a biomechanically healthy way,

  • and with power, we can provide the equivalent of muscles, and therefore we can essentially duplicate whatever the healthy human can do.

  • HUTTO: I never thought it was going to be possible for me to walk upstairs, and surprisingly enough, once we`ve started it, it was remarkable how easy it is for me.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The project we`re working on here is a robotic leg for above-knee amputees.

  • We are in fact the only group in the world that has a fully robotic leg prosthesis with the powered knee and a powered ankle.

  • It has its own power, and it can move by itself, but is not connected to the user in any kind of explicit way.

  • Instead, it has a lot of sensors on it, and it understands how the user`s interacting with it.

  • The leg has two fully powered joints, so it has a motor at the knee joint and a motor at the ankle joint.

  • So effectively, the motors are the equivalent of the muscles, and sensors are the equivalent of the same sensing that we have in a healthy limb.

  • If you look at conventional prosthesis, they essentially lack muscles, so you have to sling them around to move them around.

  • This is a leg that effectively has the equivalent of muscles, and so what we found is that people use less energy when they walk with it, people walk generally faster,

  • and they can do things like go upstairs and downstairs and up slopes and down slopes, and run,

  • which are things that generally you can`t do with conventional prosthesis.

  • We look forward to having it improve people`s quality of life,

  • minimizing their disability and enabling them to do things that maybe would be difficult for them to do before or maybe things that they just couldn`t do before.

  • AZUZ: Caxies. Caxies. Chances are you`ve never hears of caxies.

  • We hadn`t either. But you know who has?

  • The students at Lake Forest Academy in Illinois.

  • Caxy is a Greek word for a frog`s ribbit, and the caxies are Lake Forest`s mascot.

  • From frogs to felines, we`re talking about the Wild Cats from Summview (ph) West out of Culver City, California.

  • The tail end of today`s roll call takes us to Halifax, Virginia.

  • That`s where you`ll find the Halifax County STEM Academy Comets.

  • Thanks for watching, y`all.

  • Some people just insist on making a grand entrance.

  • Here comes the bride, all dressed in white.

  • Taking her sweet time as she rides down a zipline.

  • Instead of walking down the aisle, this couple decided to take the high road.

  • They were scouting wedding locations, and when they saw a zipline at this resort, that sealed the deal.

  • You could say they got hung up on the idea, because as you`re about to see, they literally got hung up on the idea.

  • That`s when this wedding turned into a workout.

  • It wasn`t a very veiled attempt to stand out.

  • If you pick your wedding site based on the zipline, it`s like you`re grooming the venue.

  • If you`ll excuse us using a cliched line, it gives new meaning to taking the plunge together.

  • But he liked it, so he put a ring on it, and a safety harness.

  • If you`re already on FaceBook, we hope you`ll zip over to FaceBook.com/cnnstudentnews.

  • Like our page and we`ll keep an eye out there for your roll call requests.

  • That`s our view. Have a great rest of the day.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. My name is Carl Azuz.

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October 3, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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