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  • Welcome to the lesson!

  • You're about to learn how to use the past perfect

  • to talk about new experiences

  • Remember, the past perfect is made with

  • 'had'

  • 'not'

  • if it's negative

  • plus the past participle

  • and with this meaning

  • it's very common to use the preposition 'before'

  • Have...

  • you met Ben?

  • A few years ago, he got his first job at a shoe store.

  • As it was his first job

  • he did many things for the first time

  • For example, he helped a customer

  • He used a cash register

  • and he cleaned a store

  • All of these things

  • were brand new experiences in his life

  • Let's look at how to talk about these things

  • using the past perfect

  • Here is the grammatical structure

  • First, you put the subject

  • Then, the verb phrase

  • Which begins with the auxiliary verb 'had'

  • then the negative particle 'not'

  • Actually, with this meaning

  • It is more common to use never

  • instead of 'not'

  • This makes your meaning stronger

  • plus the past participle

  • then comes the object

  • and finally the preposition 'before'

  • However, before is optional

  • Take a look at out first example

  • He used a cash register for the first time

  • In our new sentence, the subject will stay the same

  • 'He'

  • Now the verb phrase 'had never used'

  • and the object

  • 'a cash register'

  • and finally, 'before'

  • This gives us the sentence

  • He had never used a cash register before

  • Now, our next example

  • The verb is 'cleaned'

  • He had never cleaned a store before

  • And in our final example the verb is 'helped'

  • This becomes, 'he had never helped a customer before'

  • A few months later

  • Ben met a girl named Jen

  • They ended up dating for a while

  • and finally getting married

  • At the wedding, they each had many new experiences

  • Ben wore a tuxedo for the first time

  • Jen walked down the aisle

  • and...they went on a honeymoon

  • Here's how we would talk about these experiences

  • using the past perfect

  • Ben had never worn a tuxedo before

  • Jen had never walked down the aisle before

  • and...they had never gone on a honeymoon before

  • I have a surprise for you

  • More grammar!

  • Try not to get too excited

  • Instead of using 'before' at the end of the phrase

  • It's common to use this structure

  • 'Before'

  • plus a clause in the past simple

  • and then a clause in the past perfect

  • For example

  • Before he got married

  • Ben had never worn a tuxedo

  • Before she got married, Jen had never walked down the aisle

  • and finally, before Ben and Jen got married, they had never gone on a honeymoon

  • Surprise, surprise, surprise

  • A few months later,

  • Jen was...

  • pregnant!

  • What a life changing experience!

  • She had a pregnancy glow for the first time

  • She lived with very little sleep

  • and...she changed a diaper

  • Now it's time to see these new experiences

  • written in the past perfect

  • Before she got pregnant, Jen had never had a pregnancy glow

  • Before she had a baby, Jen had never lived with very little sleep

  • and finally,...

  • before she had a baby,

  • jen had never changed a diaper

  • It's that time again

  • time to practice what you've learned

  • What you need to do is write a sentence

  • talking about the new experiences given

  • using 'before' plus the past simple

  • then a clause in the past perfect

  • For example,

  • Johnny went to the zoo

  • for the first time in his life

  • he saw an elephant

  • this becomes

  • Before Johnny went to the zoo,

  • he had never seen an elephant

  • Here are your questions, good luck!

  • Here are your answers

  • If you would like more practice

  • click on the link in the description

  • to visit my website

  • There is a printable handout there

  • with more questions and answers

  • Thank you for watching. Have a great day!

Welcome to the lesson!

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A2 US jen cash register perfect honeymoon tuxedo register

Past Perfect: to Talk about New Experiences

  • 3361 167
    Samuel posted on 2018/08/27
Video vocabulary