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  • Hello and welcome to 6 Minute

  • English. I'm Neil.

  • And I'm Catherine.

  • Catherine, are you tall enough?

  • Tall enough for what?

  • Tall enough to be happy with your height.

  • Er, well, yes, I'm alright with

  • my height, I can't do a thing about it

  • anyway so, how about you?

  • Well, the same, really. I wouldn't

  • mind being slightly taller, I suppose, which

  • is appropriate as today's

  • topic is about heightism.

  • Heightism. Now, you may not

  • have heard of heightism before, but it's

  • like other 'isms' - like racism, sexism,

  • ageism and other 'isms' that highlight a

  • particular kind of

  • discrimination or unequal treatment that

  • people experience.

  • But before we find out more about

  • this topic, our quiz question for today.

  • The tallest person ever proven to live was

  • Robert Wadlow from the USA. How tall

  • was he? Was he: a) 2.71m; b) 2.72m or

  • c) 2.73m? What do you think, Catherine?

  • Wow, that's really, really tall!

  • I'm going to guess 2.71m.

  • Well, listen out for the answer at the

  • end of the programme. Tanya S Osensky

  • is an attorney and author of the book

  • 'Shortchanged' about her own

  • experiences of heightism.

  • Clever title. To short-change

  • someone is to not give them what they

  • are entitled to, what they deserve.

  • And originally this phrase comes from

  • paying for something and

  • not getting the right money back. So if I

  • buy something for £6 and I pay with a £10

  • note and the shopkeeper only gives me

  • £3 back, I've been short-changed - it

  • means I've been cheated. And in the

  • context of facing discrimination because

  • you're not tall, 'Shortchanged'

  • is a really good pun.

  • Tanya spoke about her book on the

  • BBC radio programme Thinking Allowed.

  • She talks first about our general

  • feelings about height. What does she say

  • people never wish for?

  • Everybody that I've

  • spoken to who is tall relishes their height.

  • I have not met anybody who said they

  • would wish they were shorter and people

  • generally tend to even embellish what

  • their height is when you

  • ask them what it is.

  • So what is it she says

  • no one wishes for?

  • Well, she says no one wishes

  • they were shorter!

  • And that's right. She said that tall

  • people relish their height. This means

  • they enjoy being tall, they get

  • great satisfaction from it.

  • And another point she makes

  • is that many people embellish their

  • height, if asked. This means they say

  • they are taller than they actually are. Now,

  • to embellish a fact means to

  • exaggerate it to make it seem

  • bigger, faster, better and so on.

  • Here's Tanya S Osensky again.

  • Everybody that I've

  • spoken to who is tall relishes their height.

  • I have not met anybody who said

  • they would wish they were shorter and

  • people generally tend to even embellish

  • what their height is when you

  • ask them what it is.

  • She goes on to explain how some

  • research has shown that shorter people

  • are less likely to get jobs, less likely to get

  • promoted and less likely to earn as much

  • as taller people. What is the financial

  • difference she mentions? She talks about

  • the premium per inch. An inch is about

  • 2.5cm and the premium is a word which

  • means the extra benefit,

  • the extra advantage.

  • Here's Tanya S Osensky again.

  • One set of data showed

  • that the premium for height is over $2000

  • per inch for men and $1000 per inch

  • for women and over time that disparity

  • grows significantly so it ends up being

  • a huge chunk of someone's

  • paycheck over their career.

  • She says that taller men earn

  • $2000 an inch.

  • For women it's a bit less, but still

  • significant at $1000 an inch.

  • And this disparity - or

  • difference - between the salaries of taller

  • and shorter people, is an example

  • of heightism. Shorter people, she says,

  • are getting fewer jobs and

  • fewer benefits because they are short.

  • Well, one person who certainly

  • wasn't short was the subject of today's

  • quiz question. The tallest person who

  • has lived, Robert Wadlow. We asked how

  • tall he was, was it: a) 2.71m;

  • b) 2.72m or c) 2.73m?

  • What did you say, Catherine?

  • I said 2.71m.

  • Well, you were almost there. The

  • correct answer was b) 2.72m.

  • Congratulations if you got that right.

  • Now Catherine, much as I relish

  • being in the studio with you, we must

  • wrap up the programme now with

  • a review of today's vocabulary.

  • Well, relish was one of those

  • words. If you relish something you really

  • enjoy it - so thanks you for that, Neil.

  • You're welcome! This programme

  • was about a kind of discrimination.

  • This means the unfair or unequal

  • treatment of people because of,

  • for example, their race, religion, colour,

  • age or indeed height.

  • And discrimination because of

  • someone's height is called heightism.

  • Something which many of us do is

  • embellish our height - we say we are taller

  • than we actually are.

  • A premium is an extra benefit

  • or advantage that can be gained, in this

  • case, by being taller. And finally

  • we had disparity, another word for

  • difference. There is a disparity

  • between salaries of tall people and

  • their shorter colleagues.

  • And that is 6 Minute English for

  • today. Do join us again and until then we

  • look forward to seeing you in all the

  • usual places: Instagram, Facebook,

  • Twitter, YouTube as well as our

  • website, bbclearningenglish.com.

  • Goodbye.

  • Bye!

Hello and welcome to 6 Minute

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A2 UK height tall taller shorter tanya relish

Does being taller mean you earn more at work? Watch 6 Minute English

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    Evangeline posted on 2018/08/10
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