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  • Hi I'm Annemarie with Speak Confident

  • English and welcome to your Confident

  • English Wednesday lesson. This week we

  • are focused on to me and for me those

  • really tricky prepositions. If you've

  • ever been confused or even frustrated

  • about which preposition to use, what do

  • they mean, which one is correct, then

  • today's lesson is for you.

  • After watching this video you will know

  • three situations in English when you can

  • actually use to or for in the sentence.

  • Both can be correct but it might require

  • a small change in the grammatical

  • structure, you might need to be careful

  • about which verb you choose, or there

  • could be a small change in the meaning.

  • Now before we get started, I did say that

  • we're focused on three situations when

  • both can be used correctly. So you might

  • be wondering: are there situations when

  • you can only use to or you can only use

  • for in English? And yes there are but my

  • goal is to make this topic as simple,

  • easy, and clear as possible so that you

  • can use these correctly when you

  • communicate in English. So today's lesson

  • is actually a two-part lesson and in a

  • few weeks I will have part two where we

  • will talk about when we only use to and

  • when we only use for. But today we're

  • going to look at when both are possible.

  • Situation number one: when these

  • prepositions are used to express a

  • reason or the intention of something.

  • What I mean is sometimes these

  • prepositions to & for tell us why. For

  • example, last year I went to Spain. Why? To

  • visit my

  • friend. For a wedding. When we use those

  • prepositions, it's telling us why the

  • reason or the intention. But there is a

  • difference in how we use these in a

  • sentence so I want to help you

  • understand that difference. Let's look at

  • these two sentences. Last year I went to

  • Spain for my friend's wedding. Last year

  • I went to Spain to attend my friend's

  • wedding. These are very similar sentences

  • but there is a little difference. Can you

  • identify what that difference is? If you

  • can't don't worry. Let's look at two more

  • examples to help you do that. After work

  • today I stopped by the grocery store for

  • some coffee. After work today I stopped

  • by the grocery store to buy some coffee.

  • Once again these are very similar. Can

  • you notice a difference? If we look at

  • all four of these sentences: I have for

  • my friend's wedding and for coffee or to

  • attend my friend's wedding or to buy

  • coffee. Hopefully you're starting to

  • notice that immediately after the word to

  • we need a verb. For example, last year I

  • went to Spain to visit my friend, to

  • attend a wedding, I went to the grocery

  • store to buy coffee. Now before we move

  • on to situation number 2, let's look at

  • one more example. And this time I want

  • you to decide which preposition is

  • correct. In a few months I'm going to

  • California ___ a work conference. In a few

  • months I'm going to California ___

  • a work conference. Should I use to or

  • for?

  • Hopefully you chose for

  • because the last words are a work

  • conference. We don't have a verb there so

  • we're going to use for. In a few months

  • I'm going to California for a work

  • conference.

  • Now situation number two: these

  • prepositions to & for can also be used in a

  • sentence to indicate a recipient. That

  • might be a new word - a recipient. A

  • recipient is someone who receives

  • something, they are a receiver. For

  • example, my sister sent a birthday card

  • to me. To me. I am the receiver or the

  • recipient and to is helping us

  • understand that. It's indicating who is

  • receiving something. So let's look at two

  • examples sentences again that are very

  • similar but let's see if you can

  • identify the difference. I made a gift

  • for my friend. I gave a gift to my friend.

  • What do you think about those two

  • sentences? Both to and for are indicating

  • the receiver but here the focus is

  • really on the verb that is used. In the

  • second sentence, I use the word gave or

  • to give. When I use that verb it

  • indicates movement or transfer, something

  • is exchanged or it goes from point A to

  • point B. When we use verbs that indicate

  • a movement exchange or transfer such as

  • to give, to take, to mail, to sell, to send,

  • we follow that verb with the preposition

  • to. I'll give you another example. Imagine

  • that you have a really important event

  • coming up soon maybe you're shopping for

  • a new dress and you find

  • perfect dress. You're so excited. But they

  • don't have the right size. So the store

  • says they will order it for you and

  • after the dress arrives they will send

  • it to you. Send is one of those verbs

  • that indicates movement, exchange

  • transfer, it's going from A to B so we

  • use to you. They will send it to you. And

  • finally it is important to me or it is

  • important for me - what is the difference

  • between these expressions? In the

  • sentence: "My job interview tomorrow is

  • really important for me,"

  • could I also use it is important to me?

  • What do you think? Both are correct. Both

  • can be used but there is just a small

  • difference in the meaning. When I say

  • that something is important to me or

  • it's important to my friend, to my sister

  • it focuses on the personal feeling or

  • value that something has. For example, I

  • can say this book is really important to

  • me because my grandmother gave it to me

  • as a gift. This book is really important

  • TO me because my grandmother gave it to

  • me as a gift. With that expression I'm

  • saying that this gift has value to me

  • maybe it's emotional value, sentimental

  • value but it's special to me and if you

  • were listening, if you paid attention I

  • also said my grandmother gave it TO me.

  • We're talking about a verb with

  • transport or movement. Now let's go back

  • to that first sentence about the job

  • interview. If I say, "My job interview

  • tomorrow is very important for me," the

  • focus is on the benefit. We show that

  • there's a

  • benefit to this thing or person. For

  • example, if you have this job interview

  • and it's important for you it could be

  • important for your career an opportunity

  • for growth it could be important for you

  • because it means a better salary or a

  • job that you really really want. We're

  • focused on the benefits another example

  • could be, "Exercise is very important for

  • your health." There are benefits for your

  • health. And with that you have three

  • situations where you can use to or for

  • in English and you know how to do it

  • correctly. As always I do love hearing

  • from you so if you've learned something

  • new, if you've enjoyed this video lesson

  • tell me about it. The best place to do

  • that is in the comments section just

  • below this video. And don't forget in a

  • couple of weeks I'll have part two of

  • this lesson available for you

  • where we will focus on situations where

  • only to or only for is possible but

  • not both. Thank you so much for joining

  • me, I love having you here every

  • Wednesday and I'll see you next week for

  • your Confident English Wednesday lesson.

Hi I'm Annemarie with Speak Confident

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A2 US wedding recipient difference lesson sentence job interview

To Me vs. For Me - Which Preposition is Correct?

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    Samuel posted on 2018/07/06
Video vocabulary