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  • Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute

  • English. I'm Neil.

  • Rob: And hello, I'm Rob.

  • Neil: Today's topic is about our health

  • and in particular our hearts. How's your

  • heart, Rob?

  • Rob: Er, fine, I hope, as far as I know.

  • Neil: Do you take care of it?

  • Rob : Well, not my heart specifically, but

  • my health in general, yes. I like to exercise

  • regularly and I try to eat healthy foods.

  • Neil: So that cheese burger I saw you eating

  • just now was a healthy cheese burger?

  • Rob: Fake news! You're making that up, Neil!

  • Don't believe him, listeners. It would break

  • my heart if people thought I ate junk food.

  • Neil: Now that's an interesting expression.

  • 'It would break my heart.' We say that

  • when we talk about things that upset us.

  • Of course, we don't really mean that our heart

  • is actually breaking.

  • Rob: However, you do sometimes hear stories

  • about people who they say 'died from a broken

  • heart'.

  • Neil: That is today's topic - Can you die

  • from a broken heart? First though, the quiz

  • question. The first human-to-human heart transplant

  • took place in 1967. But what country was it

  • in? Was it a) South Africa, b) USA or c) China

  • What do you think, Rob?

  • Rob: Well, I think it is definitely

  • a) South Africa.

  • Neil: OK, we'll give you the answer at the

  • end of the programme.

  • Now back to the subject of broken hearts and

  • if you can die from one. Dr Nikki Stamp is

  • an Australian heart surgeon. She's written

  • a book, helpfully called 'Can You Die From

  • A Broken Heart?' She was a guest on the

  • BBC Radio 4 programme Woman's Hour and was

  • asked that very question. Does she think it

  • is possible?

  • Dr Nikki Stamp: Yes, short answer is yes.

  • It's a little bit more nuanced than that.

  • For most of us when we have a broken heart

  • whether it's bereavement or a relationship

  • coming to an end we will be fine. We'll

  • muddle our way through it, we'll take not

  • so good care of ourselves but we'll get

  • there. However the physical effects still

  • happen and it is a big stress on your emotions

  • obviously but also on your body.

  • Neil: So she says, yes, it is possible to

  • die from a broken heart. But, Rob, is it as

  • clear and simple as that?

  • Rob: Well, no. She said it was a bit more

  • nuanced. This means it's not a simple relationship.

  • A situation that is nuanced has small but

  • possibly important differences.

  • Neil: She mentioned a couple of situations

  • where we say that people could have a broken

  • heart, didn't she?

  • Rob: Yes, she talked about times of great

  • unhappiness and emotional stress. One of the

  • ones she mentioned was bereavement. Bereavement

  • is the intense feeling of sadness we get when

  • someone close to us dies.

  • Neil: The other situation where we say people

  • are broken-hearted is, as Dr Stamp said, when

  • a relationship comes to an end. So if your

  • boyfriend, girlfriend, husband wife or lover

  • decides they no longer want to be with you.

  • Rob: So these are times when we use the expression

  • to be broken-hearted. But, thankfully, they

  • don't usually lead to death. She said that

  • usually we muddle through. This expression

  • means that we get through our sadness. Maybe

  • slowly and maybe we don't think clearly

  • and don't make the right decisionsbut

  • in the end, we mend our broken hearts.

  • Neil: For some people, a few people though,

  • the emotional stress does have an effect on

  • the body, it does lead to physical symptoms

  • and sometimes, sadly, death. Here's Dr Stamp

  • again. Which expression does she use instead

  • of the word 'died'?

  • Dr Nikki Stamp: And then for some people,

  • you will die of a broken heart. We do tend

  • to see that in elderly people who you know, a few

  • weeks after grandma passed away,

  • grandad passed away not long after.

  • Rob: She says that dying of a broken heart

  • can happen with older people and she used

  • the expression passed away rather than

  • the word 'died'.

  • Neil: Dying from a broken heart may be quite

  • rare, but heart problems still exist for many,

  • particularly those who are very overweight.

  • This is a problem in many parts of the world.

  • But why is that? Here's Dr Stamp again.

  • Rob: Dr Stamp says that we are increasingly

  • time-poor. We have less and less free time,

  • as we are spending more working.

  • Neil: This leads to our not doing as much

  • exercise and eating more convenience foods

  • rather than making our own food from

  • healthy ingredients.

  • Rob: The doctor says that we are not prioritising

  • our health as we should be. Prioritising means

  • deciding how important different things are.

  • So we are not thinking of our health as being

  • as important as we should.

  • Neil: Right, well we're quite time-poor

  • in this programme, so it's time for the

  • answer to our quiz. In which country was the

  • first human-to-human heart transplant carried

  • out? The choices were South Africa, USA or

  • China. And what did you say, Rob?

  • Rob: Yeah, I was sure it was South Africa.

  • Neil: Well, you were right to be sure because

  • the answer is South Africa. Congratulations

  • if you got that right. Now just time to

  • recap today's vocabulary.

  • Rob: We started off with nuanced. This adjective

  • means something is not as simple as it might

  • seem. There may be small but important things

  • that need to be considered.

  • Neil: Then there was bereavement. The sadness

  • we feel when someone close to us has passed away.

  • Rob: 'Passed away' was one of our other words,

  • and it's a more gentle way of saying 'died'.

  • Neil: We also had the phrasal verb muddle

  • through. This expression means to get to the

  • end of a difficult situation somehow. Not

  • always by making the right decisions but in

  • the end, getting there.

  • Rob: Being time-poor was the expression for

  • not having enough free time.

  • Neil: And finally prioritising was the noun

  • for deciding how important different things

  • are. Well that's all from 6 Minute English

  • today. Don't break our hearts, do join us

  • again, but in the meantime you can find us

  • in all the usual places: Facebook, Twitter,

  • Instagram, YouTube, and of course our website

  • bbclearningenglish.com, where you can find

  • all kinds of audio programmes, videos, activities

  • and quizzes to help you improve your English!

  • Thanks for joining us and goodbye.

  • Rob: Bye!

Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute

Subtitles and vocabulary

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A2 BEG UK rob neil broken heart heart broken stamp

BBC 6 Minute English - Broken hearts

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    Sewai   posted on 2018/06/28
Video vocabulary