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  • Hi everybody, welcome back to Ask Alisha,

  • the weekly series where you ask me questions and I answer them. Maybe.

  • First question!

  • First question this week comes from Isik Alexander again.

  • Hi, Isik.

  • Uh, Isik says, "hi Alisha, what's the difference between 'store' and 'shop'?"

  • Store and shop.

  • I think this question is about nouns.

  • The difference between the noun "store" and the noun "shop."

  • In American English, there's really no difference between the two,

  • however, we tend to use "store" more often than "shop."

  • As verbs, however, they're quite different.

  • To store something means to keep something away.

  • Like, to store something in like a cupboard or to store something in your house, or to

  • store something in a storage unit.

  • You're keeping that, usually for a long time.

  • Like, storing something for winter,

  • or you're storing something for the next season or the next year.

  • She stores emergency food in a cabinet.

  • They stored meat over the winter.

  • To shop, however, as a verb, means to go out and look for something to buy.

  • I need to shop for a new car.

  • He wants to shop for a watch.

  • Also, one interesting point: when we talk about going to the supermarket,

  • actually, we usually say, "I'm going to the store."

  • We always use the article "the."

  • We always say "I'm going to the store," or "I think I'm gonna go to the store."

  • I'm going to the store.

  • Do you need anything?

  • The store means like, the supermarket.

  • Or like, the neighborhood store where most everyday goods are sold.

  • Next question comes from Danny.

  • Hi, Danny.

  • Danny says: thanks for your Q&A every week.

  • My question is about the nuance of "I take the time," "I take time," and "I spend time."

  • I don't really know how to use them correctly.

  • Ah, okay.

  • Sure.

  • Uh, so, "take time" and "spend time" – before we talk about those,

  • let's talk about an important idiom that's related to this topic.

  • When we say the expression "take your time," or "take one's time," it means "do something,"

  • but not in like a rush.

  • It means do something at a leisurely or easy pace.

  • Examples: She took her time choosing a sofa.

  • You took your time at the mall.

  • We took our time shopping.

  • So, now let's look at "spend time" and "take time."

  • The verb "spend" is also used with something like money, right?

  • So, when we use "spend" with time, we can kind of think of spending time like you're

  • spending a resource, the same way you spend money as a resource.

  • So it's like we have this resource of time,

  • and we choose to spend our time on some activity, doing something.

  • So we're spending this resource that we have on an activity.

  • Examples: I spent some time cleaning.

  • They spent all day at the beach.

  • We spent four hours on paperwork.

  • "Take time" and "take the time" – those are expressions we use when it's like we don't

  • really have that time, but we decide we're going to use our time for that thing.

  • So maybe it's not something that's necessary,

  • or maybe it's not something we're responsible to do.

  • But we choose to use our time that way.

  • Um, so "take time" is used typically for things that are maybe extra.

  • That we don't necessarily have a responsibility to do and

  • that maybe it's difficult for us sometimes to find the time to do those things.

  • If you want to sort of emphasize the importance of your timethe level of importance of

  • your time, you can add "the," like "I take the time every week to...blah blah blah."

  • That sounds a little bit more likeit increases how important your time is.

  • So, examples.

  • I take time every week to exercise.

  • She takes the time to visit her grandmother every day.

  • We took some time, but we finally finished the report.

  • So, I hope that helps you a little bit.

  • There are a lot of expressions related to "take time" and "spend time"

  • and "take your time."

  • I mentioned "find time" and "make time" as well.

  • Uh, maybe this is something I can make a whiteboard video about in the future.

  • Some different expressions we can use with "time."

  • So, thanks very much for the question.

  • I hope that that helped you.

  • Next question!

  • Next question comes from Denis.

  • Denis!

  • Hi, Denis.

  • What is the difference in pronunciation: think, sink, thing, and sing?

  • Great, nice one.

  • Nice question.

  • A big pronunciation question.

  • Lots of my students have this problem, actually.

  • Okay, so, the difference here,

  • Uh, "think" and "thing' both start with that "th" sound.

  • So, I think I've talked about it in a previous episode of Ask Alisha, but "think" – that "th" sound

  • if you have trouble making that "th" sound like in "think" and "thing,"

  • um, you can kind of make it like an exaggerated

  • you can practice the pronunciation by doing it a little too much.

  • So, like, um, put your tongue between your teeth, like this ("think") and then try to

  • make the sound.

  • Sink and "sing" don't have that tongue between the teeth, or the tongue doesn't touch the

  • back of the teeth in the same way.

  • Sink and "sing" don't have that pronunciation.

  • Also, there's that "ing" sound at the end of "sing," so your tongue moves towards the

  • back of your mouth.

  • So "think" and "thing" have the same beginning sound.

  • Sink and "sing" have the same beginning sound.

  • But "thing" and "sing" have the same ending sound.

  • Think and "sink" have the same ending sound as well.

  • Think, sink, thing, sing.

  • It's good to practice, maybe.

  • It's difficult for me, even.

  • But those are some good pairs to practice your "th" pronunciation on.

  • Okay.

  • I hope that helps!

  • Thanks for the question!

  • Let's go to the next question.

  • Next question comes from Viktoria.

  • Hi, Viktoria.

  • Viktoria says, please explain the use of "something," "anything," and "nothing."

  • Okay.

  • Uh, to begin with, maybe think of the rules for "some" and "any."

  • Actually, there's a video on the YouTube channel about using "some" and "any."

  • If you have seen the video, that might be helpful for you, but we can use some of the

  • same rules with "something" and "anything."

  • So, remember, "something" is used when we want to make a statement; a positive statement.

  • And we can also use it when we make questions.

  • I need to get something for lunch.

  • Do you want something to drink?

  • We should buy her something for her birthday.

  • Then, just as with "any," we use "anything" when we're making negative statements.

  • We can also use this when we're asking questions.

  • We want some kind of information, too.

  • Examples: I haven't eaten anything!

  • Do you want anything?

  • He didn't take anything to work.

  • So, the final word here, "nothing."

  • Uh, nothing is used to mean zero.

  • Zero of an object.

  • Zero of some...thing.

  • Uh, but we can use "nothing" in positive statements.

  • So, this is different from "anything."

  • Anything we use in negative statements, like "I haven't eaten anything."

  • Nothing is used in a positive statement.

  • So there's not a "not" in that expression.

  • Examples: I learned nothing in the lecture.

  • He shopped all day, but bought nothing.

  • The police found nothing dangerous.

  • I hope that that helps you.

  • Thanks for the question!

  • Next question! ..comes from...Yukari.

  • Hi, Yukari.

  • Yukari says: how do you use "will have done" and "will be doing"?

  • I want to know how to use these in situations.

  • Yeah, tough grammar points.

  • So, um, these grammar points are the future perfect tense and the future progressive tense.

  • Um, simply, the future perfect tense is

  • used to talk about actions that will be finished at some point in the future.

  • By my 50th birthday I will have traveled to 50 countries.

  • By 2019, I will have lived here for 10 years.

  • By this time next month, she will have finished her project.

  • The progressive form (the future progressive form) is

  • used to talk about actions that will be continuing at a point in the future.

  • Next year, I'll be working in a different city.

  • In summer of 2020, Tokyo will be hosting the Olympics.

  • In 12 hours, he'll be sleeping.

  • So I hope that helps.

  • I know it's a very quick example, but maybe I can make some more lessons about this point

  • in the future.

  • Thank you very much for the question.

  • Okay, so those are all the questions that I have for this week.

  • Thank you so much, as always, for sending your questions.

  • Remember, please send your questions to this URL: englishclass101.com/ask-alisha.

  • I can make sure to find all of your questions here.

  • So if you have your question, please send it here, not in a YouTube comment.

  • This is the way I can check everything.

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  • the channel if you have not already, and check us out at EnglishClass101.com for some other

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  • Thanks very much for watching this episode of Ask Alisha, and I will see you again next week.

  • Bye bye!

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A2 US question alisha sink sound spend shop

Difference between SOMETHING, ANYTHING and NOTHING - Basic English Grammar

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    Samuel posted on 2018/06/30
Video vocabulary