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  • Is that the time I oughta get going. Let me just check what's happening in the world.

  • What! Oh no there's a metro strike today. I've gotta get to the station in within half an hour..

  • How am I gonna get there? I don't wanna miss my train. It'll be impossible to get a taxi.

  • There's gotta be a way. There's gotta be a way.

  • Hello and welcome to LetThemTalk. My name's Gideon

  • What I want to talk to you about today is how to use use

  • "gonna", "wanna", "gotta" and "oughta" in conversation.

  • Let me first clear up a couple of things First of all these forms are not slang they

  • are the correct forms of pronunciation both in a formal and informal way. However, these

  • are only spoken forms. You cannot write "gonna", "wanna" etc except in dialogue or in

  • song lyrics and maybe when sending a text.

  • The second thing I hear is that is only an American way of speaking. That's not the case.

  • I'm British we use it all the time and you'll find these forms throughout the English speaking world

  • So let's look at the construction

  • "Going to" before an infinitive can be pronounced "gonna". For example I'm gonna be late.

  • In the negative use "not gonna" for example

  • they're not gonna tell you again.

  • Remember you can only use "gonna" when it is followed by an infinitive. So, for example,

  • don't say "I'm gonna the zoo". That's NOT correct

  • instead say "I'm going to the zoo".

  • In the same way "want to" before an infinitve can be pronounced "wanna".

  • for example I wanna speak to you about something.

  • In the negative use "don't wanna"

  • You really don't wanna do that.

  • Note that for the third person singular because of the "s" you cannot use "wanna" so you have

  • to say "he" or "she wants to" but with other pronouns you can use" wanna"

  • For strong obligation you can use "gotta" which is (have/has) got to" before an infinitve

  • For example I've got to go.

  • You've gotta be careful

  • There is no negative of "got to" or "gotta". Just use "don't have to".

  • I don't have to go

  • Also "got to" is just used in the present tense In the past or future use "had to" or

  • "will have to". For example "I had to go".

  • "oughta" just means "ought to" before an infinitive.

  • For obligation "ought" is more or less the same as "should" Here are some examples .

  • you oughta give up smoking.

  • They oughta be back soon. Only use "oughta" in the affirmative

  • for the negative use "ought not" or "oughtn't".

  • Remember that these forms exist to make it easier to pronounce sentences they might require

  • a little practice but it will be worth the effort so do do use them.

  • That's it! Thank you for watching more English language videos coming soon.

Is that the time I oughta get going. Let me just check what's happening in the world.

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B1 oughta infinitive gonna wanna negative obligation zoo

Speak English like a native: How to use gonna, wanna, gotta, oughta

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    DHOW posted on 2018/04/14
Video vocabulary