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  • Hello! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

  • Welcome back to another lesson about

  • confusing English verbs

  • because some English verbs are quite similar

  • and sometimes it's hard to know which one

  • is the right one to use.

  • Last week, I talked about the verbs, been and gone.

  • In this lesson, I'll be talking about the verbs

  • 'to lend' and 'to borrow'.

  • And they're confusing because the meanings

  • happen to be very similar

  • but different.

  • But don't worry, in this lesson,

  • I'll be sharing some tips

  • to help you use these verbs correctly

  • and remember which one is the correct one to use.

  • Just like the difference between been and gone,

  • the main difference between 'to lend' and 'to borrow'

  • is the direction of the action.

  • Okay, so what do these verbs actually mean?

  • 'To lend' means to give something to someone

  • for a short period of time

  • and you expect to get it back again.

  • I'll lend you some money when I get paid.

  • He lent his car to a friend for the weekend.

  • It's important to note that with this verb,

  • there is a difference

  • between British and American English.

  • Lend is used in British English

  • and instead, loan is used in American English.

  • Now, lend is an irregular verb

  • so the past tense form becomes lent.

  • Loan is a regular verb so it becomes

  • loaned in the past tense.

  • Can you lend me some money?

  • Can you loan me some money?

  • Both of these sentences are the same.

  • Okay, so lend means to give something to someone

  • for a short period of time

  • and you can expect it back again.

  • Now, when we use borrow, we simply need to switch

  • the action to the person who is receiving the item.

  • 'To borrow' means to get something from someone

  • with the intention of giving it back.

  • You don't plan to keep it

  • and the person who gave it to you

  • expects to receive it back again.

  • Now, borrow is a regular past tense verb

  • so we just need to add -ed to make it borrowed

  • in the past tense.

  • Right, so let me show you.

  • Lend is similar to give.

  • And borrow is similar to take or receive.

  • But both of these verbs mean

  • that the action only happens for a short period of time.

  • Let's take a closer look.

  • Can you lend me your car for the weekend?

  • Can I borrow your car for the weekend?

  • These two sentences are describing

  • exactly the same situation

  • but from a different perspective.

  • The subject, so the person who is doing the action,

  • is different in each sentence

  • so the verb must be different too.

  • You can't say "Can I lend me your car for the weekend?"

  • Because the car is not mine

  • so I can't lend the car to me

  • or to anyone else for that matter.

  • You can only lend something if it belongs to you.

  • You also can't say, "Can you borrow me your car?"

  • And this is a really common mistake.

  • The person who owns the car cannot borrow it.

  • Getting the information about who's giving and who's

  • taking something is really important

  • when you're using these verbs.

  • So, let's make sure you're getting that part right.

  • So we have the subject and lend.

  • Now remember, the subject is the person

  • who is doing the action,

  • so the person who is lending

  • or who owns the object.

  • We have subject with lend with our object pronoun

  • and our object.

  • So the object pronoun tells us

  • who is receiving the action.

  • Can you lend me some money?

  • Now, lend can also be directly followed by the object

  • but if you want to say who's receiving the action,

  • you need to use the preposition, to.

  • So subject, lend, object,

  • to someone.

  • Can you lend some money to me?

  • Now, when using borrow

  • you can't use an object pronoun after the verb.

  • You can't say "Can you borrow me your car?"

  • But you can use subject with borrow and the object.

  • Can I borrow a pen?

  • And then you can add the preposition, from,

  • and the person.

  • Can I borrow a pen from you?

  • Can you lend a pen to Paul?

  • Okay are you ready to practise with me?

  • Practise using lend and borrow.

  • When I .... you my hairdryer, you said you'd give it back!

  • When I lent you my hair dryer,

  • you said, you'd give it back!

  • Now, there's an object pronoun here,

  • so it can't be borrow, can it?

  • And also take note of the tense

  • used in the second clause.

  • The past simple. So your verb needs to reflect this.

  • They said we could ... their lawnmower.

  • Which one is it?

  • They said we could borrow their lawnmower.

  • Their lawnmower is not ours so it must be borrow.

  • He'll ... him the money if he really needs it.

  • He'll lend him the money if he really needs it.

  • So there's an object pronoun here so it can't be borrow.

  • She asked me if she could ... $500.

  • She asked me if she could borrow $500.

  • Now the clue here is in the verb asked.

  • The person who is lending the item is not asking for it

  • are they?

  • So it must be borrow.

  • Okay well I hope that lesson was useful for you.

  • Just remember that lend is to give and

  • and borrow is to take.

  • If you enjoyed this lesson, please subscribe

  • to the mmmEnglish Channel just down there.

  • I make new English lessons every week

  • and if you subscribe,

  • you'll find out as soon as there's a new one.

  • So right now, you can keep practising

  • with some of my other lessons right here.

  • Thanks for watching and I'll see you again next week.

  • Bye for now!

Hello! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

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A2 AU lend borrow object pronoun action subject

Confusing English Verbs | LEND & BORROW

  • 1329 141
    Samuel posted on 2018/04/20
Video vocabulary