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  • Hello! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

  • If I put these verbs in front of you, you'd probably tell me

  • that they're simple!

  • They're easy! You know them, right?

  • These are simple verbs.

  • But they are quite similar to each other.

  • It could be hard to decide which one to use, sometimes.

  • So in this lesson, we'll take a closer look

  • at the differences between them

  • so that you can feel more confident when you use them.

  • Am I going?

  • Or am I coming?

  • These two verbs both describe movement between the person speaking and someone else.

  • Or something else.

  • But the difference is in the direction of the movement.

  • When you use come,

  • the movement is from somewhere else

  • to where the speaker is.

  • And when I say somewhere else,

  • that could be the other side of the world,

  • or it could just be the other side of the room.

  • It doesn't matter!

  • What is important is the direction of the movement.

  • From somewhere, to the speaker.

  • So in this case, it's me.

  • So it's from somewhere, to the speaker.

  • Are you coming to our house for dinner tonight?

  • Are you coming to Melbourne next month?

  • Tell me when you're coming to Australia.

  • Go is usually used when the movement happens in the

  • opposite direction.

  • From, where the speaker is

  • to another place.

  • Are you going to Thailand for the holidays?

  • So here, the speaker lives somewhere else,

  • not in Thailand.

  • And they're not in Thailand at the time of speaking.

  • Are you going to Ben's party on Friday?

  • So that's from the place, where you are

  • or you usually are, to Ben's party.

  • Now if I was at Ben's party and I called you,

  • I could say,

  • "Are you coming to Ben's party?"

  • So I'm asking if you'll move

  • from the place where you are, to Ben's party.

  • So I used come.

  • So far, so good, right?

  • Now you might be talking about another person,

  • someone who is not the speaker

  • or the listener.

  • You're talking about other people.

  • Or something else.

  • And this is where things can get a little tricky!

  • Because you can use either come or go

  • Look at this example.

  • My mum came to help me.

  • So this is simple,

  • because I'm part of this activity.

  • She came to me.

  • But here, my mum went to help my brother.

  • My mum came to help my brother.

  • Now both of these sentences are correct.

  • I could use either come or go.

  • But it depends on whose viewpoint I take.

  • Which person, who's involved in the activity

  • am I describing or giving information about?

  • You use go when you're using the viewpoint

  • of the person doing the action.

  • My mum went to help my brother.

  • My mum is doing the action.

  • And you use come,

  • when you use the receiver's viewpoint,

  • the person who is receiving the action.

  • My mum came to help my brother.

  • So my brother is receiving the action.

  • So we've used come.

  • Now these two verbs are made much clearer

  • with a door.

  • 'Come in' and 'go in' are both ways to instruct someone

  • to enter a room or a building.

  • But, there's a difference!

  • So now both you and I are outside together.

  • So I can say to you, "let's go in"

  • Let's go from where we are,

  • to another place, or inside.

  • Or when I'm inside, and you're outside,

  • I can say "Come in".

  • Move from where you are, towards me.

  • Come inside the house.

  • Okay so let's change the context.

  • Are you coming to Sarah's wedding?

  • So this suggests,

  • that the speaker will also be at the wedding.

  • Are you going to Sarah's wedding?

  • Now this suggests that the speaker

  • may be not going there.

  • Or maybe they haven't decided yet.

  • Are you going to visit your sister?

  • So that's in a place that is away from the listener's

  • current place.

  • Are you coming to visit your sister?

  • And here, we're being a bit more specific.

  • The listener is in a different place.

  • But, they'll move to the location of their sister.

  • And probably the speaker too.

  • So there you have it!

  • Some really important differences

  • to keep in mind about the verbs, go and come.

  • You thought they were simple,

  • but maybe you learnt

  • a couple of new things about using them.

  • If you enjoyed this lesson, please let me know by

  • liking the video and writing in the comments as well.

  • Let me know what you think.

  • And of course, subscribe!

  • That red button down there!

  • Now if you're feeling up to the challenge, you can help to

  • translate this lesson into your native language,

  • to help other English learners like you,

  • to study with this lesson.

  • You can translate the captions,

  • that is, the white text at the bottom of this screen,

  • and the link to do that is in the description

  • under this video.

  • So are you ready to try another lesson?

  • Try either of these two right here.

  • Thanks for watching and I'll see you next week.

  • Bye for now!

Hello! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

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A2 AU speaker mum movement viewpoint brother lesson

Confusing English Verbs | GO & COME

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    Samuel posted on 2018/04/15
Video vocabulary