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  • Today you're studying the pronunciation of the 100 most common words in American English.

  • This is video 2 in the series. If you didn't see video one, click here to watch it now.

  • It is important to understand what we're doing here with studying reductions.

  • We're starting today with number 11, the word 'it'. This word doesn't reduce

  • in a sentence, we don't drop or change a sound, but it said very quickly. And the pronunciation

  • of the T depends on the next word. If it begins with a consonant, this T is a Stop T: it,

  • it, it. It won't be. It, it won't. Very fast, it. If the next word begins with a vowel

  • or diphthong, then this T is a Flap T, linking the two words together. It always, it always,

  • it it it it, it always, it always. Said very quickly. It always. Nothing too crazy here,

  • just say the word quickly. Not IT, but it.

  • Number 12, one of my all-time favorite reductions: For. We almost never say it this way. We say

  • 'fer'. Isn't that funny? I had a student once who lived in America and was married

  • to an American. She told her husband how she was learning about this reduction. And his

  • response was, “that's ridiculous". We don't do that, we don't pronounce that fer.

  • Then later, he did it, as he was speaking naturally, and she pointed it out. Most Americans

  • aren't even aware of these crazy reductions that we do. So, to make this reduction drop

  • the vowel, ff-rr, fer fer. Say the word very quickly, low in pitch. Fer fer. This is for

  • work. Fer. I made a longer video with more examples on the reduction of the word 'for',

  • check it out if you want more detail here. I got it for my birthday. For for. What's

  • for dinner? For. In conversation, fer not 'for'.

  • Number 13: Not. Now, this word, in conversation, will very often be contracted n't. Didn't,

  • doesn't, can't, shouldn't, won't, and so on. Notice I'm not releasing the

  • T there, didn't, but didn't.didn't. It's an abrupt stop of air in the N to signify the T: didn't,

  • didn't, shouldn't, nt nt, nt, shouldn't couldn't, couldn't. If we don't use

  • a contraction, then we're often stressing it: I do NOT want to see her right now. In

  • these cases, we'll probably do a Stop T. Not. I do NOT want to see her right now. Not,

  • stop the air, and then keep going. I do Not wanna. Not

  • Number 14: on. This word doesn't reduce. We don't change any sounds like we did with

  • 'for'. But, it is unstressed. You don't want to say ON in a sentence, but rather,

  • 'on'. On on. “Put it on the table.” On. When it's unstressed, that gives good

  • contrast to the longer, clearer stressed words 'put' and 'table', and this contrast

  • is very important in American English. It's better than each word being longer and clearer.

  • What would it sound like if 'it, on, the', were also stressed? Put it on the table. Put

  • it on the table. Put it on the table. No, that's not how we speak. Put it on the table. Put it on the table.

  • That's how we speak. Not ON, but on. Try that with me now. Low in volume, low in pitch,

  • not very clear. On, on. Put it on the table.

  • Number 15, the fifteenth most common word in English: with. There are two ways you can

  • pronounce this word: with a voiced TH, with, with, with or an unvoiced TH, with, with.

  • I don't use the voiced TH. I think it sounds a little old-fashioned. I would stick with

  • the unvoiced TH, with, with. Just like 'on', this word doesn't reduce. None of the sounds

  • change. But, it is unstressed. It will usually be pronounced like this: with, rather than

  • WITH. “It's with the other onewith the, with the, with the, with the, with the. Low in pitch.

  • Notice I'm just making one TH to connect these two unstressed words, with the, with

  • the, with the. It's the unvoiced TH. With the, with the other one. It's with the other

  • one.

  • Number 16, he. Oh yes, this one reduces. Can I just say, we are already at 16, and we still

  • haven't seen one word that is stressed, that's a content word. Wow. When are we going

  • to see it, and what is it going to be? I can't wait to find out. But, back to 16, he. Fully

  • pronounced, 'he', it's the H consonant and EE as in SHE vowel. But very often we

  • drop the H, and have just the EE sound. What does he want? What does ee ee ee ee. We drop

  • the H and we connect it to the word before: does he?, does he? What does he want? What

  • would that sentence sound like if every word stressed? What does he want? What does he

  • want? What does he want? No, that's not natural English. What does he want? I have

  • a video on dropping the H reductions. Click here or in the description below to see that

  • video and to get more examples.

  • Seventeen. As. Yep, this word reduces. It's not pronounced AS in a sentence. That's

  • stressed. This word is usually not stressed. The vowel changes to the schwa and it becomes

  • 'uhz'. AS, uhz. He's as tall as me. Uhzuhztalluhz. Uhztalluhz. Not AS, uhz,

  • uhz. He's as tall as me. I have a video that goes over this reduction too. Click here or

  • in the description below to see that and more examples.

  • Eighteen. You. Another word that reduces. This word can be reduced to 'yuh'. What

  • are you doing? What are you. Yuh, yuh, yuh. You never have to do reductions, and you could

  • definitely sayWhat are you doing?”, you, you, you. I'm not reducing that, I'm

  • not changing the vowel, but I am still making it unstressed. 'you' instead of YOU. This

  • word will usually be unstressed. That means, don't pronounce it 'you', which is stressed.

  • Pronounce it you. Or reduced you.

  • Nineteen. Do. Our first content word. Content words are nouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.

  • They're usually stressed in a sentence. Our first stressed word! Sort of. Actually, this

  • word can reduce. It depends on how it's being used in a sentence. In a question, where

  • there's another verb, we often reduce it. For example, what do you think? 'Think'

  • is another verb. Did you notice how I pronounced 'do'? What do you? What to, what to, what

  • to do do. D plus schwa. Reducing DO like this is nice, natural English. I do have a video,

  • there I'm stressing it, I do have a video because it's a statement, not a question,

  • I do have a video on the DO reduction. Click here or in the description below to see that

  • video.

  • Twenty. The word At. Preposition, function word, and yes, it reduces. In conversation,

  • we often pronounce this word 'ut', with a schwa, instead of AT, with the AA as in

  • BAT vowel. The T is a Flap T if the next word begins with a vowel or diphthong, and a Stop

  • T if the next word begins with a consonant. If you're not sure what a Stop or Flap T

  • is, I do have a video on that, click here or in the comments below. Sample sentence:

  • She's at school. Ut. AT becomes 'ut'. She's at school.

  • So now we're twenty words in, and still all our words are usually unstressed or might

  • reduce. We'll have to keep looking for our first stressed all the time word.

  • That's it, and thanks so much for using Rachel's English.

Today you're studying the pronunciation of the 100 most common words in American English.

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A2 US stressed unstressed vowel table sentence reduce

Learning English – Spoken English Pronunciation of the Most Common English Words

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    Samuel posted on 2018/04/14
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