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  • Throughout history, superpowers have risen and fallen.

  • The Roman Empire - the most dominant power in the ancient world, tore across Europe and

  • the Middle East in the 2nd century before eventually losing grip on its territories.

  • Likewise The Mongol Empire led by Genghis Khan was the world's largest land empire,

  • yet after divisions separated in the 13th century, they finally lost their grip.

  • The British Empire expanded through trading ventures, and by the early twentieth century

  • had become history's largest empire, covering a quarter of the world's surface with a

  • fifth of the world's population living in it.

  • After the 2nd world war, The United States rose as a world superpower with 50% of the

  • world's GNP followed closely by Russia.

  • Superpowers come and go, but today we'll take a look into the future, in this episode

  • of the Infographics show, - Who will be the Next Superpower Nation?

  • With a strong national identity and a united sense of ambition, Brazil has sought to emerge

  • as a serious global economic and political power on the world stage.

  • With enormous natural resources, including a tenth of the world's fresh water, the

  • largest remaining rainforest, and a valuable supply of minerals, Brazil looks set to lead

  • the way when it comes to tackling the inevitable environmental issues we all face.

  • However, the apparent lack of traditional hard power in the shape of military resources

  • will undoubtedly prove a hurdle for Brazil to make a claim for world superpower status

  • using traditional methods of aggressive advancement.

  • The People's Republic of China is a strong emerging economic and military superpower,

  • and the term secondary superpower has already been credited to china by scholars and media

  • alike.

  • China does indeed have the most promising all-around profile of a potential superpower,

  • with business ventures and investment deals in South East Asia, Africa, and Latin America,

  • and with a degree of alienation from dominant international society making it potentially

  • a power to challenge collective world politics.

  • Along with the European Union and the United States, China is a real contender, particularly

  • with its ballooning domestic economy.

  • Economist Arvind Subramanian argues that China will direct the world's financial systems

  • by as early as 2020, and within 20 years author Lawrence Saez states that the United States

  • will be surpassed by China.

  • Before Brexit, academics pointed fondly towards the European Union as another potential emerging

  • superpower.

  • With a large population, low inflation rates, global unpopularity of US foreign policy,

  • a large economy, and a high quality of life, the EU looked as if it had already perhaps

  • hit the superpower stakes.

  • Although the EU is facing a number of daunting situations, including Brexit, it is still

  • powered by a solid economic engine with the largest economy in the world.

  • In fact, the world bank says that EU-Plus (including Norway and Switzerland) boasts

  • an economy larger than the US and Russia combined.

  • The EU also has more Fortune 500 companies than the US, India and Russia combined, and

  • some of the most competitive national economies remain, or at least trade together, within

  • the EU.

  • The Republic of India is also a contender, with Harvard economists and researchers projecting

  • a 7% annual economic growth, making India the fastest growing economy in the world in

  • 2017.

  • Despite these strides forward, India still faces a rigid caste system and rural poverty,

  • corruption, and inequality issues.

  • Politically, India is stable with a democratic government that has lasted for 60 years.

  • By 2050, India is set to rise by up to twenty per cent with a young working society.

  • But while India has impressive economic and population growth, it also has domestic issues

  • such as malnutrition and rural poverty to tackle before tackling the political world

  • stage.

  • The Russian Federation is often suggested as a potential superpower candidate, although

  • during the State of Nation address at the Kremlin in Moscow, president Vladimir Putin

  • denied any Russian aspiration to become the next superpower.

  • An aging and shrinking population is constricting Russia's potential to re-emerge as a superpower

  • once more, despite her impressive military prowess and aggressive foreign policy.

  • However, some argue that within the next fifty years, national powers will lose their ability

  • to operate as the superpowers they have been in the past.

  • The real super powers will be the economic elite who operate with no fidelity to any

  • nation, race, or religion.

  • Thee economic elite superpowers will operate globally from a series of outposts positioned

  • strategically across the globe.

  • They will be transient, living at times in New York, and at others times in Singapore,

  • Hong Kong, London, or Sydney.

  • This theory doesn't offer a solution to how, in the advent of a global elite superpower,

  • that apparatus will manage a normal civil society worldwide.

  • In view of such superpower predictions, it should be noted that in the 1980s, experts

  • collectively believed that Japan would become the next superpower, owing to its large GDP

  • and high economic growth.

  • However a few years later in 1991 Japan's economy crashed, creating The Lost Years,

  • a long period of economic slump that Japan has never fully recovered from.

  • So while our predictions might have seemed logical at the time, the world is a volatile

  • place and superpowers rise and fall as a matter of opportunity and chance, just as much as

  • they do through meticulous military planning or strategic economic forecast.

  • So, who do you predict will be the next Superpower nation?

  • Are there promising countries that we failed to mention?

  • Let us know in the comments!

  • Also, be sure to check out our other video called What if the World was One Country?!

  • Thanks for watching, and, as always, don't forget to like, share, and subscribe.

  • See you next time!

Throughout history, superpowers have risen and fallen.

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Who Will Be The Next Superpower Nation?

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    Samuel posted on 2018/03/28
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