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  • Hi, I need a little help actually. My friend just sent me a message. I'll read it to you.

  • She says, I'm going to back out of today's plan and I really don't know what this means,

  • could you tell me what it means to back out of something? To back out of the plan, does

  • she mean she's going to attend the party or not attend it? Do you also ask these kinds

  • of questions sometimes? Well, if you do, then you are at the right place because today,

  • Sonia that's me, I'm going to take you through some casual everyday English phrases which

  • will be very helpful for you in your day to day conversation. So let's get started.

  • The very first one that I just discussed with

  • you was to back out of something. To back out means to fail to keep a promise or to

  • withdraw from something. So how do you use it in a situation? just like the one I just

  • explained, if you are going to plan a party, a surprise party for someone may be, what

  • you can do is, you can tell your friends, make sure that you don't back out of the plan

  • because I've really worked hard for this party and I want everyone to attend it.

  • The next one here is to come across. What does it mean to come across? This means to

  • find something accidentally. Okay, so mostly when you're looking for something, it's intentional

  • right? By intention, you look for something if you've lost something. However, if you

  • mean to say that, you come across it means that you find something by chance or by accident.

  • so in a situation or may be in a sentence, you could say something like, I'm going shopping

  • tomorrow and if I come across a good shoe store, I'll definitely let you know. That

  • means you're talking about finding something by chance or finding something accidentally.

  • The next one that I have for you is, to come down with. Now, what do I mean to say when

  • I say, to come down with something? To come down means it's mostly used when you're

  • talking about some kind of an illness. You know sometimes, when you already have these

  • symptoms of cold or flu, you tend to get a headache, you feel a little itchy in your

  • throat and you know that you're going to fall sick. It happens with us sometimes. So

  • when you are in a situation like that and may be you are at work. You know it's already

  • half day at work but you know that you can't really pull through the entire day. so you

  • could go to your boss and you could say, well I think, that I'm going to come down with

  • a fever so can I just go home right away instead of waiting till the end of the day? Okay,

  • so to come down with is mostly used like you're going to become ill. To become sick or become

  • ill. So it's a more casual way of saying, you know, I feel sick. Instead, you can say,

  • I think I'm going to come down with something, with flu or a fever or a cold may be.

  • Now the next one is to get around. What do I mean when I say, to get around something?

  • Now, this is an interesting one. This means to avoid or to evade something. Both the words

  • mean the same thing. Imagine a situation, alright may be there's a relative's wedding

  • over the weekend and you know that you're gonna meet these cousins of yours whom you

  • don't really like, okay. I know we all have some relatives whom we don't really, we can't

  • really relate to much. We don't like some of them, okay and if you want to avoid them

  • or evade the situation of having to meet them at the wedding, that's when you can use this

  • in a sentence. So maybe you can tell your friend, that hey you know what, I'm going

  • for this wedding over the weekend and I really want to be able to get around my cousins.

  • Can you help me? Can you give me some kind of an excuse or a solution to avoid the wedding?

  • Or to get around the wedding? Okay, that's how you can use it, to get around means to

  • avoid a situation.

  • The next phrase I have here is to hear of something. Now to hear of means to learn about

  • something. So it's a very casual way to say, that you're going to learn about something.

  • So for example, if you know you've heard of some restaurants which are there in the

  • southern part of town. You've just may be heard from someone or you read about the restaurant

  • somewhere. That's the way you can put it in a sentence, you could say something like,

  • well I want to go for dinner tonight and I've heard of some fabulous restaurants in the

  • southern part of town, so let's go there tonight. To hear of means to learn about something

  • or some place.

  • The next one I have for you is, very casual, it's very commonly used and this is something

  • that you should definitely know of and use it in your conversation whenever possible.

  • It is, hang around. What does it mean to hang around? To hang around means to stay in a

  • place without any specific purpose, alright. Let me write that down for you. To stay in

  • a place without a specific purpose. I know we all have these you know favourite places

  • that we like to be at. You know for long times also sometimes without any reason at all.

  • For example, I love the beach, play I love beaches. So I can just stay you know at a

  • beach for a length of time without any specific reason. So if you are someone like that, you

  • could say, well I love going to the beach, okay I can just hang around at a beach all

  • day long. Which means you can stay at a beach without any specific purpose.

  • The last one on the board that I have here is, to go over. Okay, what does it mean to

  • go over something? To go over simply means to review something. Okay so review sounds

  • more formal alright and to go over is a casual way of saying the same thing. So maybe you

  • know you're a businessman and there are some plans that you've made. Some kind of a proposal

  • for your marketing. So in a sentence, you could say something like well I need to go

  • over these marketing plans in order to ensure that they will be effective. So to go over

  • something means to review.

  • So these are the 7 phrases that I have for you. Alright out of these 7, I'm sure you

  • can use something like, hang around or to come across, to hear of something. These are

  • phrases that are very common and make sure that you use them in your everyday conversation

  • whenever possible. This brings me to the end of the lesson. I hope that you enjoyed watching

  • the video today. Please make sure that you practise, watch the videos and improve your

  • conversation on a day to day basis. I'll be back soon with something new, till then you take care, bye.

Hi, I need a little help actually. My friend just sent me a message. I'll read it to you.

Subtitles and vocabulary

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A2 casual wedding beach situation hang conversation

Casual Everyday English Conversation Phrases to speak English fluently & confidently (ESL Lesson)

Video vocabulary