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  • Hello. My name is Emma and in today's lesson I am going to teach you a bunch of new vocabulary expressions.

  • These expressions are all very common and very useful.

  • So, the expressions we're going to learn today all have the word "mind" in them.

  • Okay?

  • And there are a lot.

  • I'm not even covering all of them because there are so many expressions in English with

  • the word "mind", so we're only going to cover some of them, but we're going to cover the

  • main ones.

  • Okay, so, when we talk about "mind", there are different ways we're talking about mind.

  • "Mind" can have to do with the brain and with thinking or thoughts.

  • Okay?

  • So, sometimes when we're talking about mind we're talking about our brain or we're talking

  • about our thoughts.

  • Sometimes we're talking about something totally different with mind.

  • Sometimes when we're talking about mind we're actually talking about being polite.

  • For example: "Do you mind?" this is something where you're being polite.

  • And then we also use "mind" when we're telling somebody to pay attention to something.

  • For example: "Mind the gap" or "Mind the hole".

  • So we have these three times where we're using "mind" and we have a lot of different expressions

  • for each of these different categories.

  • So we're going to go over each of these.

  • I'm going to teach you a bunch of expressions where "mind" has to do with thought or brain,

  • I'll teach you a lot of expressions where it has to do with politeness, and then I'm

  • going to teach you a lot of "mind" expressions that have to do with paying attention.

  • But this is pretty much one way you can look at these expressions.

  • So let's get started by talking about...

  • When we're talking about mind, and thoughts, and the brain.

  • So, first, when we talk about "mind" one meaning of "mind" can have to do with pretty much

  • the brain, but it's not exactly the brain.

  • Okay?

  • So your brain is in your head and it's a physical thing.

  • You can touch the brain, you can feel the brain, you can see the brain, smell the brain,

  • so it's physical.

  • Mind is not physical.

  • You can't see the mind because the mind is where your thoughts are, where your memories

  • are, and these are things you can't really see or feel, but they're somewhere in here;

  • we just can't see them because they're not physical.

  • So, for example: Einstein, very famous scientist: "Einstein had a brilliant mind."

  • Okay?

  • So this means Einstein had brilliant thoughts, he was very smart.

  • He had, you know, brilliant ideas.

  • These things are all in his mind.

  • So it's similar to brain, although not exactly the same thing, it's very similar to brain.

  • We can also say: "psychologist".

  • A psychologist is a job and people who are psychologists, they study the human mind,

  • meaning they look at the brain and they look at people's memories, they look at the way

  • people have ideas, and they think about: "Where do these things come from?"

  • Okay?

  • So they study the human mind.

  • So, a lot of the times when we use the word "mind", we're talking about kind of your brain

  • and your thoughts.

  • You know, we might say: "Oh, Beethoven had an incredible mind", or you know: "In your

  • opinion, which minds were the greatest of the 20th century?

  • Who had the greatest mind?"

  • Meaning: Who had the greatest ideas, and thoughts, and pretty much brain?

  • Okay, so that's "mind".

  • Now, let's look at another way we use "mind" and that's in the expression: "on someone's mind".

  • So this is a very common expression.

  • In English we often ask: "What's on your mind?"

  • Or we also say: "I have a lot on my mind."

  • So, what does: "on my mind" mean?

  • And make sure you have "on someone's mind", so it can be: "on my mind", "on your mind",

  • "on her mind", "on John's mind", you can pretty much put any person here.

  • What does it mean?

  • Well, when we talk about "on our mind" we're usually talking about problems, so we're usually

  • talking about problems that we are thinking about.

  • These are thoughts, we're thinking about something so it's on our mind.

  • So, let me give you an example.

  • If I ask you: "What's on your mind?"

  • I'm asking you: "What are you thinking about right now?

  • What's on your mind?"

  • And you might tell me, you know, some problem you're having.

  • "You know, I had a fight with my brother.

  • That's on my mind right now, that's what I'm thinking about."

  • You can also say: "I have a lot on my mind."

  • When somebody says this it means they're saying: "I'm thinking about some problem I'm having".

  • "I have a lot on my mind", it means I'm thinking about a lot of problems right now or a big

  • problem I have.

  • So you'll see often in TV or movies somebody says: -"What's wrong?"

  • -"Oh, I have a lot on my mind right now, sorry."

  • Okay?

  • Meaning: "I have a lot of things I'm dealing with at the moment" or "I have a lot of problems

  • in my life".

  • Okay?

  • So: "on my mind" has to do with thoughts, often it has to do with problems and thinking

  • about problems.

  • Now, let's look at some other examples with the word "mind" when we're talking about thoughts

  • and the brain.

  • Okay, so our next expression also has to do with thinking, thoughts, and the brain, and

  • that's: "have in mind".

  • Okay?

  • So: "have in mind".

  • So, when you have something in mind or someone in mind, what it means is that you are thinking

  • about a person for a position...

  • So, for example: -"Who are you voting for?"

  • -"I have Trudeau in mind", so I am thinking about Trudeau for the position of Prime Minister.

  • Or, you know, maybe if you're following American politics, you know, if Hillary Clinton is

  • running, you might say: -"Who are you voting for?"

  • -"Oh, I have Hillary in mind."

  • This could also be for a promotion at work.

  • Maybe you need to hire somebody for your company or promote somebody, so you want to give somebody

  • a job.

  • -"Who do you have in mind for the job?"

  • -"Oh, I have my sister in mind" or -"I have George in mind.

  • He's a good employee."

  • So it's where you're thinking or it's like your opinion about a person for a position.

  • You think this person is good for this position, so you have this person in mind for this position.

  • We can also use it with a thing also.

  • It doesn't always have to be a person.

  • For example, when we are thinking about something, some sort of object that is right for a situation.

  • So, for example, you know, I'm pretty hungry right now, I'm thinking about dinner.

  • So somebody might say: "Oh, what do you have in mind for dinner?"

  • So: -"What are you thinking about for dinner?

  • What is right for dinner?"

  • -"In my opinion, I have pizza in mind."

  • That's what I'm thinking about, I'm thinking about pizza.

  • Pizza is right for this situation.

  • Okay?

  • So, again, we can use it either with a person or a thing, but you're pretty much saying

  • that this is right for this situation in your opinion.

  • Okay.

  • Our next expression is: "lose someone's mind".

  • Okay?

  • I really like this expression.

  • When you lose your mind it means you go crazy.

  • So, for example: "I'm losing my mind.

  • The cat is speaking English."

  • Okay?

  • So this means I'm going crazy because cats, of course, don't speak English, so I'm losing

  • my mind.

  • We can also use it if somebody's doing something very strange, you know: "I think my dad has

  • lost his mind.

  • He's, you know, wearing a winter jacket and it's summertime.

  • I think my dad has lost his mind.

  • I think my dad has gone crazy."

  • So, we use this expression a lot, especially in conversation.

  • All right, now let's look at some other expressions to do with the mind.

  • Okay, so our next expression is: "cross someone's mind", so this could be: "cross my mind",

  • "cross your mind", "cross her mind", "cross his mind", and what it means is when we think

  • of an idea very quickly.

  • Okay?

  • An idea comes into our head very quickly.

  • So, for example: "It just crossed my mind that I need to buy bread today."

  • It means I've just really quickly come up with this idea.

  • Or: "It crossed my mind that I should bring an umbrella because it's going to rain."

  • So it just means a quick idea.

  • Okay, our next expression: "Give a piece of someone's mind."

  • I really like this expression.

  • It means when you're giving someone an angry opinion.

  • Okay?

  • So, when you give a piece of your mind, you're usually angry like this.

  • So maybe, you know, you want to call your telephone company and you've been waiting,

  • and waiting, and waiting, and nobody's answering the phone.

  • You might say to yourself: "I'm going to give them a piece of my mind."

  • It means: "I'm going to give them my angry opinion.

  • I'm so angry right now."

  • So: "She gave them a piece of her mind."

  • Okay?

  • If I ever meet...

  • You know, like, maybe there's somebody you don't like: "If I ever meet Johnny I'm going

  • to give him a piece of my mind."

  • It means I'm going to tell him my angry opinion about him.

  • Okay?

  • What I don't like about him.

  • Okay, the next one is also an expression, I love this expression actually.

  • When your "mind goes blank".

  • Okay?

  • This happens to me all the time.

  • What it means is when you forget everything.

  • Okay?

  • You forget what you're going to say, you forget what you're supposed to do, you forget everything,

  • and your mind...

  • You don't remember what you're supposed to do.

  • So, for example, if you have ever taken a test and you get the piece of paper, you get

  • the test, and you look at it and suddenly: "Oh my god, I don't remember anything.

  • Oh my god, I've forgotten everything."

  • That means your mind has gone blank.

  • Or if somebody asks you a question, you know: "Can...?"

  • Like, you know: "What's...?

  • What's your phone number?"

  • Maybe if you're, like, forgetful, you don't remember.

  • "Oh, my mind just went blank.

  • I don't remember.

  • I need to, you know, memorize it."

  • Okay?

  • So when your mind goes blank it's usually because you're nervous or tired and you forget

  • everything.

  • Okay?

  • And then maybe you remember in a minute, but at that moment you don't remember anything.

  • Okay, so: "My mind just went blank."

  • My mind always goes blank.

  • Okay, the final example of these brain expressions with "mind" is: "Make up someone's mind."

  • So, when somebody makes up their mind it means they decide something, they decide to do something.

  • Okay?

  • So I can say: "I have made up my mind.

  • I'm going to university."

  • It means I've decided to go to university.

  • We could say: "Philip made up his mind.

  • He's going to get pizza for dinner tonight."

  • Or: "Susan made up her mind.

  • She's going to the prom with Johnny."

  • Just another example.

  • So, when you make up your mind, you decide to do something.

  • "I've made up my mind.

  • I'm going to be an astronaut."

  • Another example, okay, of deciding to do something.

  • So now let's look at some expressions that have to do with "mind" when we're talking

  • about being polite and politeness.

  • Okay, so we can also use the word "mind" when we are trying to be polite.

  • And usually we use it this way if we are asking permission for something or if we are requesting

  • something.

  • Pretty much we are asking: Is something okay?

  • And this is a very polite way to ask that.

  • So, for example: "Do you mind if _______?", "Do you mind if I smoke?"

  • So this is a question where you're politely asking: "Is it okay if I smoke?"

  • Okay?

  • So, we don't usually...

  • Well, we sometimes talk this way to our friends, but we usually use this in formal situations

  • or with strangers, or with people we don't really know that well.

  • But we can also use it with friends, too.

  • "Do you mind if I smoke?"

  • So you're asking permission.

  • "Is it okay if I smoke?", "Do you mind if I open the window?", "Do you mind if I turn

  • off the light?", "Do you mind if I borrow your books?"

  • Okay?

  • So, again, you're asking permission.

  • Now, if it's okay, you can say: "I don't mind."

  • This means: "It's okay".

  • "I don't mind if you open the window.", "I don't mind if you smoke.", "I don't mind if

  • you borrow my books."

  • You're saying: "It's okay if you do this."

  • You don't even need this.

  • If you want, you can say: "Sure. I don't mind."

  • So, you know, you don't need the full sentence, you can just say: "I don't mind", and that's

  • okay, too.

  • What about if you do mind?

  • What about if it's not okay?

  • If somebody says: "Do you mind if I smoke?" and you're not okay with it, what you can

  • say is: "I prefer if you didn't".

  • -"Do you mind if I open the window?"

  • -"Well, I'd prefer if you didn't."

  • Okay?

  • So we say: "I don't mind" if it's okay, and we can say it in different ways, but one way

  • is if you have a problem you can say: "I'd prefer it if you didn't."

  • Okay, and then we also have another expression which means very similar: "Would you mind

  • _______?"

  • So this is a very polite way to speak, just like: "Do you mind?", "Would you mind getting

  • me some coffee?"

  • So in this case I'm asking somebody to do something for me, so I'm requesting something.