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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: A red line -

  • what is it, has it been crossed and what might that mean as far as the U.S. government is concerned.

  • The red line we are talking about today involves Syria.

  • BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: A red line for us is we start seeing a whole bunch of chemical weapons moving around or being utilized.

  • AZUZ: President Obama said that last August.

  • A recent attack that reportedly killed more than 1300 people is suspected of having crossed the president`s red line.

  • Many governments and organizations consider chemical weapons worse than conventional weapons like bombs or guns.

  • The United Nations describes chemical weapons as a crime against humanity.

  • Although some analysts say the impact of conventional weapons are just as awful for victims.

  • The idea of a red line is that once it`s been crossed,

  • the person or country that`s set it could take action.

  • Chris Lawrence examines what steps the U.S. could take next.

  • CHRIS LAWRENCE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Within days, President Obama`s national security team will present him with its final detailed options,

  • and the administration is already making the case for taking action against Syria.

  • JOHN KERRY, U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE: President Obama believes there must be accountability for those

  • who would use the world`s most heinous weapons against the world`s most vulnerable people.

  • LAWRENCE: Secretary of State John Kerry accused the Assad regime of gassing its own people.

  • IF the president gives the order, a senior defense official says,

  • four Navy destroyers in the Mediterranean Sea could execute a mission within hours.

  • U.S. and British submarines are also likely nearby, all armed with cruise missiles.

  • The extremely accurate Tomahawks can be fired from 500 miles away,

  • with an ability to change course in midflight.

  • The potential targets include the delivery systems that can be used to launch weapons.

  • Militia training camps being run by Bashar al-Assad.

  • And most importantly, the Syrian government`s command and control centers.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Allahu akbar!

  • LAWRENCE: The options are not designed to overthrow Assad`s government,

  • but send a message and deter any further use of chemical weapons, President Obama`s red line.

  • RICHARD HAASS, PRESIDENT, COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS: In any time you throw down a diplomatic gauntlet, you words have repercussions.

  • LAWRENCE: The president is under some pressure to back up his own ultimatum.

  • And while the U.S. is consulting with allies,

  • officials say, it may not need a formal coalition to execute the response.

  • Chris Lawrence, CNN, the Pentagon.

  • AZUZ: On our blog today, we`re taking an informal quick poll:

  • we`d like to hear what you think.

  • Should the U.S. take military action in Syria?

  • You have to be at least 13 years old to comment,

  • the blog is available at cnnstudentnews.com.

  • Chicago started a new school year this week,

  • and for more than 12,000 students there, it means going to a new building.

  • That`s because the school district closed nearly 50 public schools.

  • It`s understandable to be a little nervous when you`re switching to a new school,

  • but for some students and their families, just getting too school can be a reason for concern,

  • especially if you are not riding one of the buses.

  • Some Chicago students have to walk an extra six or seven blocks to get to their new schools.

  • The concern is that they have to cross gang territory to get their safely.

  • Some of you might have to deal with the idea of facing potential danger just to get to school.

  • Chicago`s plan to address its issue is called "safe passage."

  • Dozens or routes were set up for these students with more than 1,000 adults there, helping escort them to school.

  • On Sunday, the day before school started,

  • a 14-year old was shot and killed near one of the safe passage routes.

  • It`s at least the third fatal shooting on or near the routes since August.

  • Turning to some other U.S. stories now.

  • In different ways, people are dealing with the elements.

  • First, is the rim fire in California`s Yosemite National Park.

  • We`ve been reporting on this.

  • As of yesterday, it was around 20 percent contained,

  • but dry conditions and hot weather were helping spread the flames and they are threatening a lot more than the park.

  • The Hetch Hetchy reservoir is a key part of San Francisco`s water supply.

  • Their concerns, that ash from the fire could contaminate that water.

  • Yesterday, officials said the water quality was still stable,

  • the wire fire, though, is also threatening hydroelectric generators there.

  • They use water to produce power for San Francisco.

  • Right now, authorities have shot those generators down.

  • To the east of there several U.S. states are struggling through a hit wave because of an unusually strong high pressure system.

  • Temperatures are up to 20 degrees above normal.

  • For example, in Minneapolis on Monday, the high was 97 degrees.

  • Normal high is 79.

  • So that`s significant. It`s effecting schools and students, too.

  • Some districts canceled after school activities.

  • Others closed schools that don`t have air conditioning.

  • Forecast predicts the heat wave could last until the end of the week.

  • And down on the Florida Keys, officials are using a new idea to fight against swarms of mosquitoes.

  • Drones.

  • Unmanned aircraft and they`re sometimes controversial.

  • These vehicles can get a good look at areas from above.

  • In this case, in areas that are mosquito-breeding grounds.

  • The plan right now is just to find the mosquitoes, not to spray them.

  • REP. JOHN LEWIS, (D), GEORGIA: All of us,

  • it doesn`t matter whether we`re black or white, Latino, Asian American or Native American,

  • it does not matter whether we are straight or gay,

  • we are one people, we are one family, we are one house, we all live in the same house.

  • Back in 1963,

  • we haven`t heard of the Internet,

  • we didn`t have cellular telephones, iPad, iPhones,

  • but we used what we had to bring about a nonviolent revolution.

  • And I said to all of the young people,

  • you must get out there and push, and pull, and make America what America should be,

  • for all of us.

  • AZUZ: Congressman John Lewis made that speech on Saturday, during an event that paid tribute to the march on Washington.

  • Today is the official 50th anniversary of the march,

  • and many events are commemorating a historic moment in the U.S. civil rights movement.

  • We are diving into the history of the march in our segment called "5 Things To Know."

  • Here are five things to know about the march on Washington, which happened on August 28, 1963.

  • No. 1, it wasn`t actually called the March on Washington.

  • The full name of the event was the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.

  • The goal was to focus attention on African-Americans` demands for equality and jobs and civil rights.

  • No. 2, the event was huge.

  • More than 200,000 people took part in the mile-long march down the National Mall.

  • More than 5,000 law enforcement officers were there, too.

  • But there were no reports of any incidents with marchers.

  • No. 3, during the march, there was a meeting happening at the White House.

  • President Kennedy, Vice President Johnson and other officials met with 10 civil rights leaders,

  • including many of the march on Washington speakers.

  • No. 4, the speech.

  • During the event, on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial,

  • Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. made his famous "I have a dream" speech.

  • He talked about his hope for a world where his children will not be judged by the color of their skin

  • but by the content of their character.

  • And No. 5, Dr. King wasn`t the only speaker that day.

  • Several civil rights leaders took to the microphone.

  • The youngest was student leader John Lewis.

  • Since 1987, he`s been Congressman Lewis, serving the state of Georgia,

  • and now he is the last surviving speaker from that defining moment in American history.

  • And I know just what you`re thinking,

  • that we are running out of different ways to introduce the CNN STUDENT NEWS roll call, right?

  • Wrong.

  • In fact, today we`ve got an ace up our sleeve, a whole school of them.

  • The Mount Carmel Aces from Mount Carmel, Illinois.

  • Thanks for watching, y`all.

  • Today`s roll call features some bulldogs, too, specifically the Bulldogs of Piedmont High in Piedmont, Alabama.

  • And this roll call gets some horse power from the Millard North Mustangs in Omaha, Nebraska.

  • If you`re going fishing, but instead of a rod and reel or a fly line, or a boat,

  • you prefer to use your bare hands, you`re going noodling.

  • And don`t think this is just for episodes of "Swamp People."

  • Anyone where this is legal, and it`s not legal everywhere,

  • can learn to put a hand in a catfish hole,

  • wait for the fish to bite it, and then drag it up.

  • 19-year- old cheerleader from Texas recently hauled up a winner,

  • a 72-pound monster that won her this year`s Okie Noodling Tournament.

  • The one she gets here is 40 something pounds.

  • She says noodling beats fishing any day.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s more interesting. It`s more fun.

  • You know, there`s nothing like sitting in a boat and being board waiting on a fish.

  • Why not go to the fish?

  • AZUZ: Well, it`s a question as old as time itself.

  • What happens when cats get into a staring contest?

  • Luckily, someone shot this YouTube video to give us the answer.

  • The feline face-off seems friendly at first,

  • but if one of them says the wrong thing,

  • that is when the fur might really fly.

  • Like this.

  • These kitty contests are more vicious when they are out in the open,

  • but safer when they are in the claws-et.

  • Either way, they never last long.

  • You know how staring contests go -

  • blink and you`ll miss it.

  • I`m feline pretty good about that one, but it`s time for us to paws.

  • We`ll be back tomorrow with more CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: A red line -

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August 28, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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