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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • We`re starting this Monday in Syria.

  • More than 100,000 people have been killed since the civil war started there in 2011.

  • The United Nations aims to maintain global peace, so sometimes it gets involved in conflicts like this.

  • This weekend, a Syrian official said the government would give U.N. inspectors access to any site of a suspected chemical weapons attack.

  • The Syrian government and rebel forces have accused each other of using chemical weapons.

  • CNN`s Fred Pleitgen asked a Syrian official about that.

  • FREDERIK PLEITGEN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: There are of course more and more videos popping up and more and more people accusing the government of using chemical weapons here on Wednesday.

  • Did you use them?

  • FAISAL AL-MEKDAD, SYRIAN DEPUTY FOREIGN MINISTER: Absolutely not.

  • This is a big lie.

  • And in Syria, we have a responsible government,

  • but at the same time we have irresponsible enemies.

  • These are our enemies who are spreading such rumors.

  • AZUZ: A U.S. officials says it`s nearly certain that the Syrian government is responsible for any chemical weapons use.

  • President Obama has called the use of chemical weapons a red line, meaning a line that could lead to U.S. action.

  • The president talked about it with CNN`s Chris Cuomo recently.

  • BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: When you start seeing chemical weapons used on a large scale,

  • and again, we`re still gathering information about this particular event, but it is very troublesome.

  • CHRIS CUOMO, CNN ANCHOR: Strong proof they used them already, though, in the past.

  • OBAMA: Then that starts getting to some core national interests that the United States has,

  • both in terms of us making sure that weapons of mass destruction are not proliferating,

  • as well as needing to protect our allies, our bases in the region.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for the shoutout.

  • Which U.S. national park is home to Half Dome, Mount Lyell, and El Capitan?

  • If you think you know it, then shout it out.

  • Is it Glacier Bay, Yellowstone, Great Smoky Mountains or Yosemite?

  • You`ve got 3 seconds. Go.

  • These are some of the most well-known features of Yosemite National Park in California.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • AZUZ: A huge wildfire in California is torching its way into Yosemite National Park.

  • The Rim fire doubled in size late last week.

  • So far, it`s consumed 130,000 acres, which is larger than the city of San Jose.

  • Firefighters have only a small percentage of it contained,

  • partly because of wind changes and it`s hard to get into the canyons where this fire is burning.

  • As far as Yosemite goes, the fire so far has only reached into the northwest corner of the park.

  • It hasn`t hit the Yosemite Valley, where Half Dome and El Capitan are located.

  • But a state of emergency has been called for the San Francisco area, over 100 miles west of the park.

  • Some of the city`s power stations had to be shut down because of their closeness to the fire.

  • If the fire disrupts any others, it could start cutting the city`s electricity.

  • The Rim fire has already destroyed a handful of homes.

  • It is threatening thousands of others.

  • Our "Catching Up" segment gives us a chance to follow up on stories we previously covered.

  • We talked about Sarah Murnaghan last spring.

  • She needed new lungs because she suffers from cystic fibrosis.

  • Sarah was too young to qualify for adult lungs,

  • but the National Organ Network changed its policy temporarily,

  • and this summer Sarah was able to have a double lung transplant.

  • Two, actually.

  • The first set of lungs failed.

  • She still has a long way to go, but Sarah is up and walking,

  • and off supplemental oxygen for the first time in years.

  • Also, sad news we`re catching up on.

  • Zachary Reyna contracted a brain-eating ameba earlier this month.

  • It`s something that very few people survive.

  • On Saturday, Zachary lost his fight.

  • A post on the FaceBook page supporting Reyna talked about his parent`s decision to donate his organs

  • and said even though Zach has passed, he will still be saving many lives.

  • August 28, 1963 was one of the biggest moments in the U.S. civil rights movement.

  • It was the march on Washington, and we`re going to have more on its 50th anniversary later this week.

  • AZUZ: This weekend, thousands of Americans reenacted that moment.

  • One speaker at the original march on Washington, U.S. Congressman John Lewis,

  • talked about young people carrying on the fight for equal rights.

  • REP. JOHN LEWIS, D-GA.: It is my desire to see another generation of young people with passion. I believe in passion.

  • AZUZ: Most famous speaker at the march on Washington, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. His daughter, Bernice King, spoke with CNN about being the child of the civil rights leader.

  • BERNICE KING, DAUGHTER OF MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.: When the assassination occurred, I was asleep,

  • and the next day my mother had to find a way to explain to me that your father,

  • when you see him, he`s going to be in a casket and he won`t be able to talk with you.

  • Wow. I mean, for a 5-year- old, wow.

  • Literally seven days before his assassination, was my fifth birthday.

  • We couldn`t celebrate it that day, because my father was leading a march in Memphis, Tennessee, in fact.

  • And he came back home, and it was the next day when we celebrated it.

  • And you know, probably as usual, I was happy and joyous to have dad at home,

  • but the interesting thing, the emotional rollercoaster that occurred for me,

  • was when we were at the service here at Ebenezer, on April 9, 1968.

  • Mother said, remember, that he won`t be able to talk with you.

  • So right in the middle of that service,

  • they played the speech from February 2nd, the drum major instinct, they played the portion where he talked about his funeral.

  • And suddenly, his voice is booming forth, and I`m looking like, you know, looking for him.

  • MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.: Yes, if you want to say that I was a drum major,

  • say that I was a drum major for justice.

  • Say that I was a drum major for peace.

  • I was a drum major for righteousness.

  • KING: It is much more difficult, being the daughter of Martin Luther King Jr., as an adult than it was as a kid.

  • AZUZ: Teachers, if you want to check out the full interview with Bernice King, it`s in the resources bin at cnnstudentnews.com.

  • All right. CNN STUDENT NEWS roll call.

  • A new way to get your school mentioned on our show.

  • Teachers, there`s a video on our home page that explains how to be considered for the roll call.

  • First up today, we`ve got the Blue Flame from Pickens High school in South Carolina.

  • Then we`re heading over to Overland Park, Kansas.

  • That is where you`ll find the Vikings from Shawnee Mission West High.

  • And we go west to find north, the North Canyon High School Rattlers in Phoenix, Arizona.

  • Thank you all for watching.

  • Blair Brettschneider did not grow up in the middle of a war zone.

  • She`s never gotten a death threat,

  • but many of the teenagers she helps have.

  • They are refugees who came to the U.S. to escape danger in their home countries.

  • Brettschneider`s work with them is why she is a CNN hero.

  • BLAIR BRETTSCHNEIDER, CNN HERO: It`s hard enough to be a teenage girl in the United States,

  • so it`s even harder to be a refugee teenage girl.

  • My name is Blair Brettschneider, and I help refugee girls find their place in America.

  • In my free time after work, I was tutoring different kids.

  • One girl was really struggling.

  • Hello. How`s it going?

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Pretty good.

  • BRETTSCHNEIDER: Nice to see you.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I had to do more because I`m a girl.

  • I cook food for my family, go to laundry, take care of my brothers.

  • BRETTSCHNEIDER: We started going on field trips.

  • We talked about college, and things started changing.

  • Are you getting excited for classes?

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Oh, yes.

  • BRETTSCHNEIDER: One of our biggest goals together was for her to graduate from high school and be on a path to going to college.

  • And she did. I thought that was really important, and I`m sure there`s other girls.

  • Girls -

  • BRETTSCHNEIDER: We are.

  • BRETTSCHNEIDER: Awesome.

  • There are about 50 girls in our different programs.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: You`re making great progress. I`m so proud of you, you know?

  • BRETTSCHNEIDER: Our mentorship program matches refugee girls from high school with mentors who work with them once a week.

  • You have to write an essay, right?

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes, I want to write about my life.

  • BRETTSCHNEIDER: In walking down the street, they are just teenagers.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I want to have my own salon.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: One day I`m hoping to become a nurse.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I want to be a teacher.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I want to become a doctor or a nurse.

  • BRETTSCHNEIDER: What I see is what all the girls can accomplish and everything that they can do.

  • That`s really wild. It`s the best.

  • AZUZ: Wrapping things up today with a question for you.

  • What animal is this?

  • What`s it going to look like when it grows up?

  • We`ve got some hints.

  • It is native to China, eats a lot of bamboo,

  • and if you said panda, you got it.

  • Eventually, that little pink thing will grow up into a black and white giant panda.

  • This one was born last Friday at the National Zoo.

  • It will be a few weeks before we know whether it`s a boy or a girl,

  • and it won`t be named for 100 days, following Chinese tradition.

  • We`re sure they have a cub-ful (ph) options just as a bear minimum,

  • but after waiting that long to get a name, the announcement is bound to be pure panda-monium.

  • I`m Carl Azuz, have a great rest of your day.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Hi, I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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August 26, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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