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  • Rob: I'm Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English

  • we've got a sweet topic today, and six

  • tempting items of vocabulary.

  • Neil: Hello, I'm Neil. And we're going

  • to be talking about sugarwhich many

  • of us find tempting. But how much

  • is too much, Rob?

  • Rob: I don't know, Neil, but hopefully

  • we'll be finding that out. I must admit though

  • I have a sweet toothand that means

  • I like sugary things!

  • Neil: Me too. But something I'm always

  • seeing in the news these days

  • is that we're eating too much sugar.

  • And one important factor is that

  • sugars are sometimes hidden

  • in processed foods.

  • Rob: Processed food is any food that

  • has been changed in some way

  • by freezing it or putting it in tins

  • or by combining foods or adding chemicals.

  • In fact, some of the sugars we eat

  • are hidden in food that we think of

  • as healthy. Such as yoghurts,

  • low fat snacks, and fruit drinks.

  • Neil: Do you check the information

  • on the back of food packets, Rob? –

  • To see what's in them?

  • Rob: Yes, I do. But it can be

  • very confusingthere's so much information.

  • And I'm not always sure how much

  • of a certain thing is bad.

  • Neil: Well, that brings me onto today's

  • quiz question. Can you tell me, if a food

  • contains 5% total sugars per 100g,

  • is it… a) high in sugar, b) low in sugar

  • or c) somewhere in the middle?

  • Rob: I'll say low, Neil.

  • Neil: OK. Well, we'll find out later.

  • Some food products have colour coding

  • on the packaging to help you understand

  • the information, don't they? –

  • red for high levels of sugar, salt

  • or fatorange for medium,

  • and green for low.

  • Rob: That sounds helpful. Then you can

  • see at a glance what's good

  • or bad for you.

  • Neil: At a glance means with a quick look.

  • OK, let's listen now to BBC reporter

  • Rajeev Gupta interviewing a man in Chester,

  • in the UK. He's asking him to guess

  • how much sugar there is in a pot

  • of fat-free yoghurt.

  • Reporter: I've actually got a pot of yoghurt

  • in front of me. This says 'fat-free' on it

  • and it's been marketed as being

  • quite healthy. If I was to say how much

  • sugar is in here, what would you say as

  • say is the quantity of the tub?

  • Interviewee: I'd probably think maybe

  • a couple of teaspoonfuls, you know,

  • it's quite surprising how much is sugars

  • in all these products, isn't there?

  • Reporter: Well, there's

  • about a third of this yoghurt pot

  • is actually sugar.

  • Interviewee: To be honest, that's

  • quite amazing, that.

  • I would never have thought a third of that

  • would have been sugar

  • just by looking at it.

  • And it does say it's fat-free.

  • Neil: So the yoghurt is fat-free,

  • which means it doesn't contain any fat.

  • And the man guessed there might be

  • two teaspoons of sugar in the yoghurt.

  • Rob: That's right. And if something

  • is sugar-free then it doesn't contain

  • any sugar. But in this case,

  • a third of the yoghurt's content

  • was sugar. That, to me, sounds like

  • an awful loteven for someone

  • with a sweet tooth like me!

  • Neil: OK, well, let's listen to

  • Dr Gunter Kuhnle.

  • He's a Nutritional Biochemist at

  • Reading University.

  • Dr Gunter Kuhnle: One problem we see

  • nutritionistsis sort of this focusing on

  • any individual foods

  • at one time it was that fat

  • has to be avoided at all costs,

  • now it seems to go towards sugar

  • and sugar is demonised and

  • people link it to drugs and so on.

  • I think this is the wrong way forward.

  • Individuals, yes, you should have

  • a balanced diet. But it is important also

  • to enjoy your food and not really do this

  • extreme focusing on one side or

  • one aspect and individual nutrients.

  • Rob: So if you avoid something

  • at all costs you do everything you can

  • to avoid it. And demonise means

  • to make someone or something

  • seem very bad.

  • Neil: Dr Kuhnle thinks that

  • totally cutting out one type of food

  • like thiswhether it's fat or sugar

  • is wrong. He thinks we should

  • eat a balanced dietand enjoy

  • our food.

  • Rob: That sounds very sensible.

  • Now, how about telling us the answer

  • to today's quiz question, Neil?

  • Neil: Thanks for reminding me, Rob. I asked

  • if food contains 5% total sugars per 100g,

  • is it… a) high in sugar, b) low in sugar

  • or c) somewhere in the middle?

  • You said low and you were

  • right! Well done!

  • Rob: Thank you.

  • Neil: If foods contain more than 22.5% total

  • sugars per 100g they are classified as high.

  • Rob: And I guess that between 5 and 22.5%

  • they are somewhere in the middle.

  • Neil: Correct! OK, shall we go

  • over the words we heard today?

  • Rob: Yep. First upif you have

  • a 'sweet tooth' it means you like sugary things.

  • For example, 'My little nephew has

  • a sweet tooth. He eats far too many

  • biscuits and sweets.'

  • Neil: His dentist won't be pleased!

  • Number two – 'processed food' is any food that

  • has been changed in some wayby freezing it

  • or putting it in tinsor by combining

  • foods or adding chemicals.

  • Rob: For example, 'The meat in sausages

  • is highly processed.'

  • Neil: Oh dear, I didn't know that.

  • I'm a big fan of sausages!

  • Rob: Number three – 'at a glance' –

  • means with a quick look.

  • Neil: For example, I could tell at a glance

  • that I wouldn't like the food

  • at that restaurant.'

  • Rob: 'Fat-free' means without any

  • fat in it. For example, 'I bought this yoghurt

  • because it says fat-free on the label.'

  • Neil: Ahabut did you realise that

  • a third of it was sugar! Moving on

  • If you avoid something 'at all costs'

  • you do everything you can to avoid it.

  • For example, 'I wanted

  • to win the game at all costs.'

  • Rob: I didn't know you were so competitive, Neil!

  • And finally – 'demonise' – means to make

  • someone or something seem very bad.

  • Neil: 'Politicians shouldn't demonise

  • their opponents.'

  • Rob: They often do though, don't they?

  • OK. Well, that's all we have time for on

  • today's show. But please check out our

  • Instagram, Twitter, Facebook and

  • YouTube pages.

  • Neil: Join us again soon! Meanwhile,

  • visit our website: bbclearningenglish.com,

  • where you'll find guides to grammar,

  • exercises, videos and articles to read

  • and improve your English.

  • Goodbye!

  • Rob: Bye!

Rob: I'm Rob. Welcome to 6 Minute English

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A2 UK rob fat processed glance sweet tooth tooth

Learn to talk about sugar in 6 minutes

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    Samuel posted on 2018/02/05
Video vocabulary