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  • Hi, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "enough" and "too"

  • with infinitives. So today, we're going to look at a common grammatical pattern that

  • we can use with "too" and "enough" and how to follow those with infinitives. And remember,

  • an infinitive is "to" plus the base form of a verb, so "to play", "to swim", "to hang",

  • "to chat", whatever it is. Now let's look at, first, a common "too" pattern

  • when we talk in English. So again, we use "too" when we want to talk about an extreme.

  • So here we can use: Too + adjective/adverb + infinitive. Now if you're tired of looking

  • at formulas, and you're better with just seeing examples, examples, examples, well, guess

  • what? I have many examples for you today. First one is: "It's too hot to go outside",

  • okay? So here you see the pattern: It is too + an adjective -- to go outside. So again,

  • we don't say, "It's too hot going outside." You have to follow it with an infinitive:

  • "It's too hot to go outside." "It's too hot to swim." "It's too hot to stand out in the

  • backyard for more than 20 minutes", okay? Another example, "She's too young." "She's

  • too young to do what? She's too young to drink." " She's too young to smoke." " She's too young

  • to drive." Okay? "It's too early." "It's too early to wake up." So Saturday morning it's,

  • let's say, 6:30 a.m. Your alarm clock goes off at 6:30 on a Saturday. Unless you work,

  • that's way too early to wake up for most people. If you enjoy it, hey, that's your life. Next,

  • "He tried too much to impress his boss." Okay? All right, guys, so again, this is the most

  • common pattern with "too" when you want to talk about -- and you want to use infinitives.

  • So again, "It's too hot to go outside." "She's too young to drink." "It's too early to wake up."

  • "He tried too much to impress his boss." So again, we don't say, "It's to go, too hot,

  • outside." You know, we don't mix it up like that. The pattern is: Too + adjective/adverb

  • + infinitive. Now, let's look at "enough". Okay, so with "enough", we have a different

  • structure. Now again, "enough" means "sufficient", something that is "sufficient enough".

  • So whereas we had, "too + adjective/adverb + infinitive", here we have the adjective/adverb

  • + enough + infinitive. So for example, "He is smart enough to pass." "She was fast enough

  • to win." "He yelled loudly enough to wake up our neighbours!" So again, you see the

  • pattern with "too" and "enough" is different in that, again, normally with "too", we have

  • "too" before the adjective. With "enough" we actually put "enough" after the adjective

  • or the adverb in this situation. Okay? So are you guys getting it so far? Yeah?

  • All right. Let's look at one more little rule with "enough".

  • Okay, let's look at another pattern with "enough". Whereas in the first pattern we had, "adjective/adverb

  • + enough", in this one we have, "enough + noun + infinitive". So let's look at these

  • examples. I think most people are familiar and comfortable with this pattern. Maybe you

  • don't know that we should add an infinitive after it, though. So: "We don't have enough

  • gas to make it to Vancouver." So again, "We don't have enough": You have "enough"; you

  • have the noun; and then you have the infinitive, "to make". "To make it to Vancouver", means

  • to arrive -- right? -- to Vancouver. "We have enough money to go on vacation." So, "We have

  • enough money to go" -- the infinitive "to go" -- on vacation." "Money" is the noun in

  • this situation. Okay, so this is the more informal, everyday, common structure.

  • If you want to sound proper in English, you can also use the formal structure here. For

  • this I'm going to do up my button, okay? Because I have to be very formal for this. So:

  • "We have money enough to go on vacation." So in the formal structure you can actually put

  • the noun before "enough" and then follow that with the infinitive. If you speak like this,

  • I don't know, maybe you'll make some friends. Maybe people will look at you weird. I recommend

  • speaking like this because this is more common, but just be aware if you watch British television,

  • British films, anything with formal English in it, you might hear this pattern as well.

  • Okay, guys. If you'd like to check your understanding of how to use "too", how to use "enough" with

  • infinitive patterns, you can check out the quiz on Take care, and good luck.

Hi, guys. I'm Alex. Thanks for clicking, and welcome to this lesson on "enough" and "too"

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A2 BEG US infinitive adjective pattern adverb noun vancouver

How to use 'too' and 'enough' in English

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    VoiceTube   posted on 2013/08/21
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