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  • Rob: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English

  • the show that brings you an interesting topic,

  • authentic listening practice and vocabulary

  • to help you improve your language skills.

  • I'm Rob

  • Catherine: And I'm Catherine. In this programme we'll

  • be discussing quitting drinking and staying dry.

  • Rob: Right, so when you say 'quitting',

  • you mean 'giving up'

  • and when you say 'drinking',

  • you're particularly referring

  • to 'the activity of drinking alcohol'.

  • Catherine: Exactly Rob.

  • Rob: But, what about staying dry?

  • It's nothing to do with the weather?

  • Catherine: No that's true. The adjective 'dry' here

  • means 'no alcohol'.

  • And I, Rob, am currently having a dry January.

  • Rob: Ah yes, your New Year's resolution is

  • to give up alcohol for one month. Any reason?

  • Catherine: Yes.

  • I'm doing it in order to improve my health

  • and save some money.

  • And a resolution, by the way,

  • is a promise to yourself to do something

  • or not to do something.

  • Rob: Well they seem like good reasons.

  • And for now, we must keep up our resolution

  • to always start the programme with a question,

  • so are you ready for it, Catherine?

  • Catherine: I am, crack on, Rob!

  • Rob: OK, According to data from the World Health Organisation in 2015,

  • which country consumed the most alcohol per person?

  • Was it…a) Australia b) Finland, or

  • c) The Czech Republic

  • Catherine: Well they all sound quite likely,

  • but I did visit Prague once and I had a lovely time,

  • so I'm going to say c) the Czech Republic.

  • Rob: OK, well as always, we'll find out the answer later on.

  • But let's continue our discussion about drinking

  • or informally known as boozing

  • and trying to give it up.

  • We all know that too much drinking can be bad for us

  • and that's why you Catherine,

  • have decided to quitbut only for a month.

  • Catherine: Yes just a month but it's a start and I might continue into February.

  • But I'm seeing the benefits already.

  • I've managed to shed some weight

  • most of which I actually put on over Christmas!

  • Rob: I can see. So to shed here simply means 'lose'.

  • And I bet your sobriety is helping you sleep better.

  • Sobriety, by the way, means 'the state of not being drunk'

  • Catherine: It is actually. And I'm not alone

  • A study of 857 British adults

  • by Dr Richard de Visser from the University of Sussex

  • found that after going for a month without alcohol,

  • 62% of the people in the study

  • said they had better sleep.

  • So Rob, does that tempt you to become teetotal and stop drinking?

  • Rob: Not me Catherine. I need a drink to help me

  • relax and be more sociableyou know how shy I am!

  • Catherine: Yes of course Rob! Well, maybe you should

  • listen to Catherine Gray.

  • She's the author of a book called

  • The Unexpected Joy of Being Sober,

  • which she wrote after she discovered

  • the negative effects of going to too many work-related party

  • where she was just drinking too much.

  • Here she is speaking on BBC Radio 4's Woman's Hour programme

  • Catherine Gray: I had a lot of social anxiety

  • and when I quit I had to deal with that.

  • I think I used drinking as a crutch, a confidence crutch

  • - it eased the way to go to big glittering parties and

  • stuff like that and

  • when I quit I had to learn real confidence in a way.

  • Catherine: So Catherine worked in the magazine

  • business which involved going to lots of boozy parties.

  • Drinking, she says, helped her deal with a

  • nervous and worried feeling that she had when she met new people

  • -she called it social anxiety.

  • Rob: Yes, and she used drinking as a crutch.

  • A crutch here is something you depend on for support

  • and sometimes you rely on it too much.

  • Catherine: Yes and eventually she decided to abstain from drinking

  • in other words stop doing something that is enjoyable

  • but bad for you

  • and she feels much better for it.

  • So Rob, come on, haven't you got the willpower to just

  • quit drinking for just 30 days?

  • Rob: Well according to Catherine Gray, that wouldn't

  • be long enough

  • Catherine Gray: Experts say that it takes 66 days for a

  • new habit to bed in, so I would always recommend trying

  • it for 90 days. 30 days is the hard bit before you get to the rewards.

  • Because after 66 days it starts getting a lot easier

  • and you start feeling better in yourself.

  • Catherine: Right, so it takes 66 days for doing a regular activity

  • a habit - to bed in.

  • And 'bed in' means to

  • 'become normal and start working properly'.

  • Rob: Now, earlier I asked you, according to

  • data from the World Health Organisation in 2015,

  • which country consumed the most alcohol per person?

  • Was it

  • a) Australia

  • b) Finland, or

  • c) The Czech Republic

  • Catherine: And I said the Czech Republic. Was I right?

  • Rob: You were Catherine. Spot on, well done. Apparently,

  • 14.1 litres of pure alcohol is consumed per person each year.

  • Catherine: Well like I said, they do make good beer in

  • the Czech Republicbut people, be careful,

  • only drink it in moderation. Now Rob,

  • shall we take a look at the vocabulary we've mentioned today?

  • Rob: Indeed. The first word we had was resolution

  • that's a promise to yourself to do or not do something.

  • 'Catherine's New Year's

  • resolution was to give up drinking alcohol

  • for a whole month.'

  • Catherine: Yes, and I'm still doing it Robthe plan

  • is to shed a few kilos and get fit.

  • So for example, 'Rob shed lots of weight

  • when he went on a cake-free diet!'

  • Rob: Really? I'd never give up cake Catherine,

  • but I could be tempted to give up booze

  • as I know sobriety is good for my healththat's

  • the noun word to mean

  • 'the state of not being drunk'.

  • Catherine: Now our next word was abstain. That means

  • 'not do something that is enjoyable but bad for you'.

  • 'Rob needs to abstain from

  • eating cakes if he wants to wear his skinny jeans.'

  • Rob: Are you dropping a hint there, Catherine?

  • Now, our final word is actually two words

  • bed in. It means 'to become normal and start working properly'.

  • 'It took a while for the new computer system to bed in

  • but now it's working perfectly.'

  • Catherine: That's brilliant because now we can go online

  • and find more BBC Learning English programmes

  • at bbclearningenglish.com.

  • That's all for today's 6 Minute English. We hope you

  • enjoyed it. Bye for now.

  • Rob: Bye.

Rob: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English

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B1 UK catherine rob drinking alcohol czech czech republic

Learn to talk about giving up alcohol in 6 minutes

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    Samuel posted on 2018/01/19
Video vocabulary