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  • Peru’s northern coastline is blessed with a year-round mild climate

  • and perfect sets of rolling waves.

  • It’s also home to the picturesque colonial city of Trujillo.

  • Yet, there is another, much more fascinating reason why you should visit

  • Almost two thousand years ago,

  • the first settlers of the Moche Valley

  • achieved the seemingly impossible with their bare hands.

  • They created

  • Farmland in the desert

  • fishermen’s rafts that could surf the waves

  • fine jewelry crafted from crude metals

  • and entire cities out of mud.

  • From the treasure trove of ruins in these sand-swept desert plains,

  • it’s clear that the Peruvians developed impressive agricultural,

  • architectural and artistic insights long before the Europeans arrived.

  • When the Spanish did come,

  • they swiftly created one of Peru’s finest and largest cities: Trujillo.

  • Exploring its compact city center is like browsing an open-air museum

  • of Spanish colonial architecture.

  • Everywhere you go, youll pass colorful mansions,

  • adorned with tall window grilles and enclosed wooden balconies.

  • For more than 400 years,

  • the exterior of the Cathedral on the northern end

  • of the Plaza de Armas has remained largely unchanged.

  • Step inside to see precious religious paintings

  • and admire the cathedral’s central altarpiece with its twisting columns.

  • From the Historic Centre,

  • it’s only a short taxi ride to the seventeenth-century mansion

  • of Trujillo’s Archaeological Museum.

  • Its exhibits paint a picture of the pre-Columbian peoples of northern Peru.

  • The fascinating pieces they left behind

  • help us piece together their story.

  • Start your tour of the region’s famous ruins at the Temples of the Sun and the Moon.

  • Made from millions of sun-dried bricks,

  • these were once the largest adobe pyramids in the world.

  • While the language of the Moche people has been lost,

  • we can interpret their habits and beliefs through their

  • elaborate murals and brilliantly expressive artworks.

  • They were warriors who sacrificed their rivals to appease the gods.

  • Yet, their pottery shows there was also harmony in their fierce existence.

  • Like the Egyptians, the Moche buried their elite in pyramids.

  • See one of the world’s most mysterious mummies at the coastal site of El Brujo where,

  • as recent as 2005, the Lady of Cao was discovered.

  • The tomb of this tattooed Moche woman also held copper darts and jewelry,

  • suggesting that she was a priestess or warrior leader.

  • It’s believed that relentless El Niño rains caused the demise of the Moche culture.

  • By the time the Chimú people arrived,

  • around 900 A.D, the landscape had returned to arid coast.

  • Like the Moche, the Chimú cultivated reed to make fishing rafts

  • and used the clay and minerals from the river valley

  • for for their building bricks and decorations.

  • Visit their capital,

  • Chan Chan,

  • to explore what was once the largest adobe city in the Americas.

  • Follow the city’s maze of corridors to central courtyards,

  • which were decorated with fishnet patterns and animal reliefs.

  • In the late fifteenth century,

  • the Incas came and assimilated the Chimú culture into their own.

  • Less than 60 years later, the Spanish followed, determined to conquer the New World.

  • TheseConquistadorsstripped the temples and tombs of gold and artifacts

  • and created a new city, which they named Trujillo.

  • They also introduced the pure-bred Paso Horse to the region.

  • World-famous for its gait, it has what the locals callbrio”:

  • a mixture of nobility, pride and fire.

  • These characteristics proved a perfect match for the spirited Peruvians

  • from the northern desert and together they perform the Marinera,

  • a show of elegant seduction and fierce resistance.

  • With its long history of resilient people,

  • Trujillo was the first Peruvian city to proclaim independence from Spain in 1820,

  • an event that is commemorated by the Freedom Monument on the central Plaza de Armas.

  • One of South America’s revolutionary heroes, the liberator Simón Bolívar,

  • stayed at Casa Urquiaga, which is open to visitors.

  • Colonial architecture, ancient art and pyramid temples,

  • combined with proud Latino traditions,

  • have made Trujillothe Peruvian Capital of Culture.”

  • Like an oasis in the desert,

  • discovering Trujillo is replenishing for both the body and soul.

  • It’s refreshing to see that from these barren grounds,

  • such creativity can sprout.

Peru’s northern coastline is blessed with a year-round mild climate

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Trujillo Vacation Travel Guide | Expedia

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    Eric Wang posted on 2017/09/29
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