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  • Hi again. Welcome back to I'm Adam. Nice to be here again. Today's lesson

  • is going to be very short and sweet, but to the point. Some of you have asked me about

  • this word: "get" -- because "get" has many different uses and some of you are a little

  • bit confused by how it's used with past participle and some other words very specifically.

  • So I'm not going to explain all the meanings of "get" today, I'm just going to focus on

  • two uses of "get". But if you want more explanation and other uses, please check your dictionary

  • because there are many ways to use the word "get".

  • Today's issue is specifically the past participle. So again, different ways of using the past participle:

  • "punished", so "to punish", past tense: "punished", past participle: "punished".

  • "Hit", also irregular verb but it's "hit", past is "hit", past participle: "hit".

  • "Beat", "to beat", "beat", "beaten". And again, "ed", regular verbs. So let's start with this:

  • what does it mean to get punished, to get hit, get beaten, get awarded when we use "get" with a past participle in this way?

  • Basically it means to be subjected to.

  • A simple way to understand this is basically to receive an action. Okay? So when somebody

  • gets punished, it means that someone else punishes them. It is used as a passive, but

  • many people use "get" instead of "be". The meaning is basically the same thing. "I did

  • something bad. I was punished.", "I did something bad. I got punished." The meaning is exactly

  • the same. This of course will go to the past tense, in the past.

  • "I will get punished." Future: "will get". That goes, the "get" goes with a tense, the past participle stays what

  • it is because it is a passive voice. Now, you may ask me: why should I use "get" instead of "be"?

  • There's no reason. You can use either one. Okay? "I got hit by the ball accidentally",

  • means I received that action; the ball hit me. Again, same thing: "I was hit by a ball.",

  • "The boy got beaten by his competitor.", "The boy was beaten by his competitor."

  • Again, it's just a choice. "Get punished" versus "Be punished" is just more casual, "get".

  • "Get" is more casual than "be", more informal if you want to say it that way.

  • And again, with all of these. Now here, you're going to look at different verbs.

  • "Get started", okay? So we set up all the class, we're ready to start and I say:

  • "Okay, let's get started." What does that mean? It basically means to do.

  • So instead of saying "get started", I could say: "start". "Let's get started.", "Let's start." Exactly

  • the same way. Again, very informal way of saying it. I don't really know why it became this way.

  • Sometimes the English language, it changes, people start saying something,

  • other people start saying the same thing, it spreads and spreads, and of course, soon enough

  • everyone accepts it and it becomes a part of the language.

  • "Get going", okay? If we're going to be on time like we're making a plan to go for a trip.

  • So I say, "Okay, if we're going to be on time, we should get going." Basically means

  • we should go. It has more of a feeling of getting something, starting the action -- whatever

  • the action may be. Now here, you notice I have two adjectives.

  • "Get angry". When I drive a car - I'm a very calm person -, but when I drive, I get angry very quickly

  • because there're so many bad drivers around me. I'm the best driver in this city,

  • everybody else is a bad driver so I get very angry all the time. But,

  • the more I speak to you, the more hungry I get. I'm getting hungry right now just thinking about food.

  • What does this mean? This basically means "become". "I'm getting hungry" -- I'm

  • becoming hungry. "I got hungry last night so I went to eat a pizza." -- I became hungry

  • so I went to eat a pizza. Okay? Again, very, very informal, very casual. You usually wouldn't

  • see this too much in written English, but in spoken English you will hear these all the time.

  • It's very common, very accepted, very casual, very okay. Okay? So don't worry about using any of these.

  • Just understand that usually "get" replaces "be" and

  • here it replaces "become" or just we... Actually I'll give you another word here:

  • "colloquial", I hope I'm spelling this correctly. This is a "q", it's not a very

  • pretty "q" but... colloquial language means language of the people; street language. So

  • colloquial language uses all kinds of slang. It used to be slang, then it became accepted by many people,

  • then we start calling it "colloquial language". So it's okay; don't write with it so much.

  • But, if you want to see more examples of sentences using both of these or all of these -

  • excuse me -, I should say all of these types of sentences,

  • go to There's a quiz there you can fill out. And also, don't forget to

  • subscribe to my YouTube channel, and I'll see you again really soon. Bye.

Hi again. Welcome back to I'm Adam. Nice to be here again. Today's lesson

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A2 punished participle hungry language casual beaten

Basic English Vocabulary - GET

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    VoiceTube posted on 2013/07/13
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