Subtitles section Play video Print subtitles "To be or not to be?" that is the qu-... No, it's not the question. You are here to learn a lesson. Hi. I'm James from engVid, and today's lesson is going to be on "do" or "make". Well, why am I doing this lesson? Many students make a mistake with these two verbs. Okay? And the problem is native speakers almost never make this mistake, and as soon as you make this mistake we will know that you are just learning English or low-level English. So this lesson will help you fully understand how to use it so that you can start speaking like a native speaker right away. Now, in order to do that we have to clearly know what the difference is between "do" and "make", and then give examples of how we use them. I'll also give you collocations. Collocations are words that go with "do" and "make" regularly so you know even if you're having a difficult time, when you say something like: "cake", you're going to say "do" or "make". Let's find out in five seconds, shall we? Let's go to the board where I'll break down what "do" is and give you examples; what "make" is, give you examples; then I'll give you those collocations and a short quiz. All right. E, what is it, "do" or "make"? When I makes me a cake, do I do me a cake or make me a cake? Well, let's find out. If an action is repetitive, something you do on a regular basis, we're going to use the verb "do". Now, I should note very quickly here I am not going to talk on the auxiliary, like: "Do you like that?" I'm not going to ask these questions. We have other videos, so please go to engVid, go check them out, and they'll clearly do... Do, [laughs]. Show you the uses of "do" as the auxiliary. Okay? This is specifically how you understand it. If something is done repetitively, we use "do", which is true for most simple present verbs. When we talk in the simple present it's about repeated actions. So, "do" is no different from that. Okay? Obligation. An obligation might be something like I do homework every night. It's a thing I must do. Okay? So we use it for obligation. Multiple actions. Now, listen to me carefully. "I do the dishes." I'll give you a visual representation or a visual picture of it in a second, but I want you to understand the concept. A lot of times in English we use what's called "shorthand". Instead of saying every verb that I'm going to do, what I do is I use... Or I even said it here, replacing verbs. We put the verb "do" in and it talks about several actions in one go. Here's an example for you: When I do the dishes, I wash them, I dry them, I put them away. Notice there are three verbs. I don't want to say when someone says, like E goes: "Did you do the dishes?" Go: "Yes, I wash the dishes, I dry the dishes, I put the dishes away." They'll go: -"You new to Canada, correct?" -"Yes, very correct." Okay, so I said: "I'll do the dishes" or "I do the dishes". So, even under obligation I said: "I do the dishes every night", that's my obligation. And it's these actions I'm talking about. Repetitive because I do it every night, I repeat it. Okay? Multiple actions, so I've just went through, and replacement of verbs. This is similar to multiple actions, but you can use the verb "to do" to replace one verb, like: "Hey, man. I got to do my hair tonight." That means "fix", that might be cut my hair, it might be wash my hair, but when I got to do my hair, I got to do my hair, and do my nails. That means cut and clean. It's not saying multiple verbs. It's just replacing one verb, but we can put "do" in there and it replaces that verb, and we understand what it means. Is there something you have to do? Okay, I've killed that. Right? So why don't we go to "make"? "Make". "Make" is create, when you create something. Creation comes from it didn't exist and now it does. You create. That's making. And when I say "create", there's a big difference between the two. Okay? Notice when we talked about "do" we talked about repetitive, obligation, multiple actions, dah-dah-dah-dah. It's a verb of action and so is "make", but the difference is this: When I talk about "do", you can't see it. Sorry, you can see it, but you can't touch it. You can see me washing, but you can't touch me washing the dishes. It doesn't make sense. You can see me washing the dishes, but you can't touch and go: "Now I have dry." It's like: You can't have dry. It's the action that I'm actually doing. Okay? So when you keep these... This in mind, yes, they're verbs of action and that's why you get confused, I understand, but just keep in mind generally speaking with "do" you can see it, but you can't touch it. And why am I bringing that back up? Because with "make" it's almost the opposite. When you create something it's in your hand, I can touch it, like this pen. I made this pen, you can see it. If you said: "Do you do this pen?" It doesn't make sense to me. I'm like: "It's in my hand, man. I made it. It's done." Right? How do you make a pen? That's different. All right? Something you choose. Huh? You choose. Make a decision already! Right? You got to choose it. Right? Make a decision. I have to put this one in here because you go: "Ah, well, you make a decision, I don't see it. I don't see any decision." But yeah, I have made up my mind, I've made a decision to make one path instead of another one, and that will follow through. Right? Produce, well, similar to "create", but you know, when you make cars, it's regularly doing it but you can see products coming out, like we make pens. Okay? So it's not... "Create" is like the first time you created something. The guy who made the first Apple computer. Right? He created it. It was the first one, created. But now he's producing them, he's making them, he's making many of them, more of them and you can see them. Speaking. Are you like a dog? "Roof, roof". No. Speaking. It's been a little while, but there was a guy called Obama, Barack Obama. Don't know if you've heard of him. Anyway, he made a speech, and he said: "Yes we can" in the speech. Notice how I said: He didn't do a speech, he made a speech. Okay? Because he produced ideas. There comes that word again, another word going back. As he spoke, these ideas were produced and people could understand them. He even created a new environment. So when we use "make" we can use it for speaking. "Hey, don't make a noise." See? Okay? Or: "Did you make a comment?" In each of these cases you cannot say "do", you have to say "make" because something is created or something is produced. In this case, a sound. So that's why we talk about "make" as in creating something for the first time; choosing something, make your mind up, make a decision. Producing, continually making something. So after you've created the first one, we keep producing them, keep making them. And speaking because noise is a sound and make it, and is a product. It may not be physical you can touch, but it's something that's there. Cool? All right, and that's difference from just seeing the actions from "do". Generally speaking, when you make something you can touch it. I have to say generally because when I'm speaking like making a speech now, you can't touch my words, but you can catch the sound. Right? That's how we record things. So, when we look over here, you can touch it, you make a cake. Birthday cake, you make one. You don't do it. You make money. I got no money. I was looking for some. I haven't make any money. I might have to do something to make some money. Right? Notice how I used that? Do something, several actions in order to get money, make it so I can show it to you which I can't right now. I need you to remember this before we go to the next board where I'm going to show you some common collocations. Okay? And collocations are basically words that go together. There are words that go with "do" and there are words that go with "make", and this will help you. Remember I said I want you to understand? This will help make it easier for you that when you hear this word, you go: "This is the word that goes with 'make'", or "This is the word that goes with 'do'", okay? And you'll soon master our language. So give me a sec and we'll get up there. And don't forget native speakers always get this right, and so will you in about two seconds. [Snaps] And time to do collocations. Collocations, as I mentioned before-remember?-it's words that usually go together. In this case I picked a few that I know you'll hear once you learn English or if you're in an English-speaking country, you'll hear people use these words a lot. So let's go to the board. I'll start off with "do" and housework. Another word for "housework" is "chores". You might hear a young kid say: "I got chores to do tonight, man. I can't come out and play." Or you go: "My household chores takes so long." Chores is basically a job you have to do and you don't get paid for it. So if you hear about chore, it's in your house or something you do, and you don't get paid for. You don't have chores at work. Keep that in mind. Okay? Just a new vocabulary word for you. And let's go to the board. "Do the dishes". Do you remember when I said that if you do something and you repeatedly have to do it, repetitive manner, you do the dishes and I showed you wash, dry, put away? That's an example of multiple verbs. "Do the laundry" is the same thing. You put the clothes in the washing machine, you wash them, you put them in the dryer or you hang them up, then you fold them and put them away. You'll notice that I said: "put", "fold", different verbs, another replacement. "Do the yard work". Yard? Yarrr. I'm not a pirate. Yard, we call it the yard as in the backyard. When you have a house... I'm sure it's the same most places, but we can't say it's everywhere. You have your little house here, okay? You have some land here and here. This is in the front, this is in the back. Each part is called the yard. Front yard. Right? Where you usually have grass, maybe a tree. If you're lucky, an apple tree if you're George Washington. But you'll have a tree, some grass, and you can play. The children can play soccer or football, or what have you. Okay? When you do the yard work sometimes it's cutting the grass, or it's playing with the flowers, or you know, playing... You know, you're playing with the flowers, pulling out weeds, you know, things from the plants. Doing yard work means to clean this area to make it look good. It's like getting your hair done. You know what I'm saying? Okay, anyway, so you clean your house, the front and the back is to "do the yard word". This is for housework, but you don't just live in your house, you also work. And when we work... Oh, sorry, I've got one before I forget, I put it in orange. This is not for "Robin and Batman". This is for "Ronnie". Here's one we got called "make the bed", this usually goes with housework, but it actually sits on the "make" side. I'd love to go into great detail on it. Actually, I'll give you my simple explanation in a second, but what I want to point out is if you need further information on some of these, go check out Ronnie's video on housework, and "do" and "make", okay? My idea for make the bed I'll tell you when we get here with "make". Now we go back to work. Remember work? Okay, work. You "do homework", that's for school. Right? I do my homework. It means I write, I read, I think, I remember, I bring the work back to school and give it to the teacher. Me.