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  • Hey there!

  • Welcome to Life Noggin.

  • Have you ever heard someone say, "I'm so clean. I'm OCD."?

  • You might think that having OCD just means being a neat freakbut actually, obsessive-compulsive disorder

  • is a serious ailment that only affects about 2 percent of the population.

  • People with OCD are plagued with unwanted thoughts, behaviors, or mental images that

  • repeat over and over.

  • They might feel like objects in a room have to be perfectly aligned, or they may worry

  • obsessively about harming others, even if they would never actually do anything.

  • And yes, some people with OCD obsess over germs and cleanliness, but it's different

  • than just wanting your house tidy.

  • For those with the disorder, their obsession feels out of their control.

  • It can be debilitating, and cleaning won't solve the problem.

  • The obsessions are typically intertwined with compulsionsrepeated actions the person

  • has to do just to function.

  • If someone is obsessed with germs, they might wash their hands over and over, even after

  • they logically know that they are clean.

  • Or if they're obsessed with safety, they might force themselves to check that the doors

  • are locked and the stove is off dozens of times before they can leave the house.

  • They might also feel the need to repeat a certain word, or count all their steps.

  • Although OCD can take many forms, there are some things that everyone with the disorder has in common.

  • In order to be diagnosed, the obsessions or compulsions must be extremely time consuming

  • and take up at least an hour a day.

  • Almost everyone with OCD knows their thoughts aren't logical, but they can't stop themselves.

  • And they usually don't enjoy their compulsionsit's just the only way they can reduce their anxiety and stress.

  • For those suffering, it can hurt to hear others use the term OCD without understanding what

  • it fully means.

  • You might say you have OCD because you like things to be organized, but it's a passing

  • thought that you could shrug off.

  • Having real OCD means not being able to let go of those thoughts.

  • Lots of studies have shown that those with OCD actually have slightly different brain

  • function than those without.

  • Although scientists are still learning how the disorder works, many think it has to do

  • with changes in a circuit of the brain called the corticostriatal pathway, which regulates

  • habit and repeated action.

  • Recent studies have focused on trying to find medications that bind to receptors in that pathway.

  • If the studies are successful, they may be able to develop medications that specifically target OCD symptoms.

  • This would be a huge leap forward.

  • Currently, doctors typically prescribe general antidepressants for OCD.

  • They also recommend behavioral therapy.

  • This includes exposure therapy, where patients are carefully exposed to fearful situations

  • without being allowed to act on their compulsions.

  • For the small amount of people who don't respond to either drugs or therapy, there

  • are more invasive procedures.

  • Around 300 people have undergone something called DBS, or deep brain stimulation, which

  • is when electrodes are implanted in the brain to control impulses in some of the corticostriatal regions.

  • When the electrodes are activated, they cause the brain of someone with OCD to have the

  • same neural activity as someone without.

  • The treatment has been a huge success.

  • Almost all DBS patients say the procedure improved their mood and self-confidence, and

  • most regained a normal quality of life.

  • Although OCD can be debilitating, these types of treatments offer hope that one day soon,

  • everyone with the disorder will be able to find relief and take back control of their life.

  • I hope you gain a better understanding of OCD,

  • And let me know in the comment section below

  • what other science topic you would like us to talk about?

  • If you enjoyed this video, then you should definitely watch our video

  • where we tackle the question - can you have more than one personality?

  • Check it out.

  • To get this disorder, you have to have two or more identities

  • that can take control of your behavior,

  • and they have to have different memories and feelings itself.

  • There are only a few people who have actually been documented with this psychological condition

  • But you've probably heard of it thanks to movies and television.

  • My name is Bloco, this has been Life Noggin

  • Don't forget to keep on thinking

Hey there!

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You Probably Don't Have OCD, And This Is Why

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    Steven Sou posted on 2017/05/29
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