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  • hello students this is mr. guy -- i'm going to talk to you about paraphrasing

  • remember paraphrasing just means putting other people's words into your own words

  • communicating something that you read or heard and putting into your own words

  • which shows understanding and also shows good academic honesty

  • ok so before I give you some specific examples i just want to go through some

  • very quick steps with you that are quite helpful

  • okay step one is read carefully and this is an important step because we cannot

  • paraphrase what we don't understand

  • so we need to read carefully and we need to make sure we understand step 2

  • so read carefully and make sure you understand because that's where the

  • ability to paraphrase comes from: it comes from our understanding

  • step 3 once you've read and understand

  • go away and take a break... let the information process...Let it become part

  • of your brain

  • this is the way I think of it: it becomes part of your knowledge base. it becomes

  • part of you, and then once it becomes part of you,

  • once you understand it, now you can put it into your own words

  • step 4, when you return from your nice break

  • rewrite it in your own words -- and here's the key: without

  • looking

  • don't have that text in front of you write it in your way from your memory

  • and this can be effective

  • Ok, now make sure to change grammar and vocabulary as necessary. And then once

  • you think you have rephrased, check to see the

  • differences. Compare the original with what you wrote

  • look at the difference in grammar and look at the difference in words

  • words and grammar

  • here's an interesting website it's called handyman online.com /paraphrasing- tool . HTML

  • i recommend you google this

  • just google handyman online com

  • google paraphrasing and I'm sure the website will come up

  • it's a great way to compare your original text with the one that you

  • wrote. for example it looks like this. you put the original text here

  • you know I like sports and then here you might say something like-- okay I enjoy

  • athletics and you get to check to see the differences. i won't go over all the

  • details now but you put the original phrase or sentence or paragraph

  • there in here

  • you put your version and you you look on the bottom to see some of the

  • differences

  • ok

  • so step six is site

  • the power praise text you still give the author credit and you cite it you don't

  • quote it but you just give it a citation

  • it says that you got the information somewhere else ok

  • and this is important when it's new information if it is common knowledge

  • then you don't need to cite for example you know breakfast is important

  • this is common knowledge everybody knows it there's no reason to

  • - cite that it's not an original idea for it

  • maybe it was at one point but it certainly is not in new information

  • these days

  • so there's no reason to cite ok now i'm going to go over an example sentence

  • level changes here as a sentence

  • new york city in engaging city with a vibrant ambiance and exhilarating pace

  • is one of the foremost tourist destinations in the world

  • now i need i find that to be interesting information and i'm going to paraphrase

  • it again I'm going to look at vocabulary and grammar

  • so here's my paraphrase version i wrote one of the most popular places in the

  • world to visit is New York

  • so this kind of takes the place of this new york is very popular for most

  • tourist destination means that it is one of the most popular places in the world

  • to visit see it's a tourist destination

  • so it's a popular place to visit to visit is taking the place of tourist

  • destination

  • people love to visit because it's an exciting and

  • interesting

  • so that takes the place of this part here where they're saying that it's

  • exhilarating and engaging

  • well, engaging basically means interesting and exhilarating

  • basically means exciting

  • so again simply changing words in changing grammatical structure and in

  • the end what you have is a paraphrase

  • now let's take a look at a paragraph level

  • it's a bit different at paragraph level. It requires a little bit more work

  • so here's the paragraph: BPA a toxin resin found in most plastics can be

  • detrimental to your health

  • the International Health Organization has done many studies that support this

  • hypothesis

  • many scientists believe that the molecules--

  • although in small amounts-- enter the body slowly over time after years of

  • consuming foods and drinks packaging plastic the amount of BPA can be

  • dangerous

  • now this can be tough but we need to do is notice which words

  • can we not live without -- in other words which words must stay

  • we cannot change these works and i chose these words as unable to change. can't

  • change BPA because that's so specific

  • You must have that in order to make set to communicate the author's

  • ideas, so BPA international Health Organization you can't there's no other

  • words for that in my view. I think molecules need not be changed because

  • it's so specific and it's such a scientific and specialist word and again

  • BPA can't be changed but words like detrimental can. Let's right-click

  • detrimental we see the synonyms are negative damaging harmful.

  • so these can be easily done in fact if you want you just say he just ok

  • detrimental synonym and i'm going to say damaging

  • so there you go damaging international Health Organization of studies now i

  • right clicked on studies but none of these words will be appropriate because

  • here

  • the computer thinks it's about lessons and training and education -- but it's not. But,

  • I do know a word and it could be

  • experiments...... or you may think that this word is not replaceable. You see, some words

  • may not be replaceable and there is some judgment that you can use

  • but what matters most is the paragraph feels and reads differently than the

  • original

  • so words like enter mean 'go into' a 'body' not really sure.....

  • let's take a look synonyms physique, build, bulk ,organization, group, figure

  • form

  • none of these-- even though they're synonyms-- would actually fit this sentence

  • so like I said in class we have to be very careful about just using synonyms

  • because we have to use the right synonym and in terms of this paragraph body is

  • probably necessary

  • you probably need it consuming foods all that

  • that was easy consuming foods means eating foods

  • ok - to consume means to eat so we can change that

  • so as you can see there's some words we can change and some we can't ....dangerous

  • we can look at synonyms of dangerous look at that hazardous, treacherous

  • perilous, precarious the one that I think is the best is a unsafe or hazardous you

  • know things can be hazardous or detrimental or hazardous ok so or

  • negative for your health there's lots of ways to do it

  • the point is that you identify those words that really can't be changed and

  • then identify those words that can and you're halfway home

  • the next part is changing the grammar so let's take a look at the paragraph that

  • i paraphrased ok here's my version

  • I said BPA is a dangerous chemical and according to studies by the

  • International Health Organization it can have negative impacts on our health

  • the scientific community has done many experiments and believe that the plastic

  • molecules from the food wrappings make it into our body slowly

  • so enter becomes 'make it into'

  • over time the amount of plastics increases which can be dangerous to our

  • bodies

  • now i'm going to bring up the old paragraph or the original paragraph and

  • let's see if we can look at some differences here

  • BPA is a dangerous chemical and according to the International Health

  • Organization can have negative impacts on health

  • ok so here it says BPA, a toxin resin found the most plastics, can be

  • detrimental to your health

  • so detrimental year to your health changes to negative impacts

  • ok many scientists believe that the molecules --although in small amounts-- enter

  • the body slowly over time. Hhere I said the scientific community has done many

  • experiments and believe that the plastic molecules from the food wrappings make it

  • into our body slowly. Over time, the amount of plastic increases which can be

  • dangerous to our bodies

  • so what you have here is a change of grammar and a change of vocabulary and

  • of course notice that some words can't be changedwhile some can

  • okay well that's it

  • this is a good start paraphrasing look at vocabulary

  • look at grammar know what you can change know what you can't change and over time

  • this will become natural it will become easy for you

  • ok thank you and if you have any questions please remember to ask mr. guy

  • and happy happy paraphrasing

hello students this is mr. guy -- i'm going to talk to you about paraphrasing

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B1 UK paraphrasing paragraph detrimental health grammar health organization

Paraphrasing: The Basic Steps

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    ben posted on 2017/05/29
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