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  • Hi. Welcome to this ELC self-study video. Today I'd like to talk about for and against essays

  • In this type of essay, you have

  • to present both negative and positive arguments of the topic you're discussing.

  • Good planning is essential for writing a logical and convincing essay.

  • In the planning stage, you should first narrow the broad topic to something specific,

  • and then turn it into a question. You should ask yourself 'what is the issue?'

  • and 'why is it important?' It is extremely difficult to write a deep

  • and focussed essay on a general topic. The essay will be more manageable when you

  • discuss a specific area. For example, if you want to write an essay

  • on 'using technological devices', you could narrow your topic to 'health issues of

  • using smart phones'. And you should then formulate a statement

  • for discussion, like,

  • Isn't that more straightforward?

  • The next thing you need to do in the planning stage is find sources.

  • You have to look for reliable, up-to-date and relevant information, such as journal

  • articles, books and academic papers. Look for information that covers both sides of the topic.

  • To make writing your essay easier, mark down

  • the major points for and against your topic, as well as where you found the information.

  • Use the table you have created from your sources to group similar points, as well as directly

  • opposing points. This can form the basis of your paragraphs.

  • This then gives you a clear picture of what you're going to write and also how many points

  • you're going to discuss. You can also arrange these groups into a logical

  • order so that your essay will flow better.

  • Good question. The structure for a 'for and against' essay

  • is actually not so different from other essays. It still has an Introduction, Body paragraphs

  • and a Conclusion.

  • First, try to answer the What, Why and How questions in your introduction.

  • Give your readers a brief overview of the issue that the essay is going to discuss.

  • A good introduction raises the readers' interest in reading the essay.

  • Let's use the topic of smart phones as an example again.

  • You can put the two points that support the statement first, and then the other two points

  • that go against the statement next. Or you can have alternative for and against

  • paragraphs, whichever fits and flows better for your topic.

  • First, start with a topic sentence. Each paragraph in the body should have only

  • one main idea, and you should use the first sentence to tell the reader what that is.

  • Then you make the points supporting that idea, using supporting evidence for every single

  • point you make. Supporting evidence is very important because

  • it shows that your points are reasonable and logically correct.

  • Finally, the last sentence should link the information in the paragraph back to the topic

  • sentence so that the essay flows smoothly.

  • In the Conclusion, you should summarise the main points in your essay and state your stance.

  • Remember to explain what your own position is on the topic.

  • Explain your opinion and also outline how your research supports your stance.

  • Remember that there should be no new information in your conclusion, and no citations.

  • Above all, try to leave your readers with a strong final impression.

  • Oh, yes. Remember to write in academic style, write objectively, even if you are giving

  • your own opinions and trying to persuade your readers.

  • And use correct referencing when citing others' work.

  • Well, that's all from me today. Bye!

Hi. Welcome to this ELC self-study video. Today I'd like to talk about for and against essays

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B1 INT US essay topic sentence write information topic sentence

For and Against Essays

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