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  • Hang on!

  • OK!

  • Let's talk about phrasal verbs!

  • Hello and welcome to my introduction to phrasal verbs

  • So you've got a verb and a preposition

  • that you recognise

  • but together they mean something different.

  • I'm going to explain how phrasal verbs are formed

  • the different types of phrasal verbs

  • and how they are used

  • and then I'll give you explanations of ten of the most common ones.

  • So, how do we form a phrasal verb?

  • Well, as I said before,

  • we add a preposition to a verb

  • for example: 'look', which is out verb

  • and then a preposition could be 'out'

  • I look out of the window

  • However, if I were to say

  • 'look out, there's a car'

  • the meaning has changed, because we've changed

  • the situation and the context.

  • So in this case it would mean

  • 'Be careful, there's a car!'

  • So I'm going to guide you

  • through four important hints

  • that will help you use phrasal verbs

  • more efficiently and more effectively.

  • It could also help your reading and listening skills

  • The first hint is that you can't always

  • understand phrasal verbs by looking at the individual words

  • A good example of this is 'turn on'.

  • 'Turn', on it's own, means to rotate

  • But together with 'on'

  • it means to activate function.

  • I turn on the television.

  • Something completely different.

  • That's why in your reading and listening exams

  • You mustn't listen word by word

  • You have to try and understand the phrase as a whole.

  • So now on to hint two.

  • One phrasal verb can have multiple meanings.

  • We've got the same phrasal verb, 'take off'

  • here in two different situations

  • 'Take off your jacket' means 'remove your jacket'

  • 'The plane takes off soon' means 'the plane leaves soon'.

  • So, how can you know which of the meanings are being intended?

  • Well, the main way to do this is to look at the conext

  • and the situation around the phrasal verb.

  • So, here we've got a jacket

  • well I know jacket is clothing,

  • so it's probable that it's going to mean remove

  • I can see 'plane' here

  • it's probably going to be about something

  • going into the air.

  • So now for hint number three.

  • Some phrasal verbs are separable

  • With the phrasal verb 'to put on'

  • which means to start wearing something

  • we can use it in two ways.

  • I can say 'I put on my dress'

  • and I can also say 'I put my dress on'

  • This object here can go between the verb and the preposition.

  • The meaning doesn't change.

  • You must learn which phrasal verbs are separable

  • and which aren't

  • The example before with 'takes off'

  • this cannot be separated.

  • And finally, number four.

  • Sometimes you can make a normal verb

  • Sound more conversational or even childish

  • if you add a preposition.

  • For example: 'eat your dinner'

  • 'eat up your dinner'

  • I would be more inclined to say 'eat up your dinner'

  • to a child.

  • The same goes for 'sit at the table'

  • and 'sit down at the table!'

  • The meaning doesn't change, it's just more conversational or childish.

  • OK, now we've explained how they're used

  • I'm going to give you ten really common and useful phrasal verbs

  • starting with 'to break up'

  • we have two meanings here

  • Tom and Jo have broken up

  • This means that they have stopped their relationship

  • (so sad!)

  • And then we also have 'school breaks up next week'

  • This means that school finishes for the holidays

  • Next we have 'carry on'

  • If you want to speak better English

  • you should carry on watching

  • Carry on means to continue

  • Then we have come on

  • Come on! If you don't hurry we'll miss the train.

  • In this case, come on means hurry.

  • The next one is 'find out'

  • I need to find out when the train leaves

  • I need to discover or become aware of when the train leaves

  • Then we have 'get on' or 'get along'

  • These mean the same

  • I get on very well with my flatmates.

  • I have a good relationship with my flatmates.

  • If I change well to badly, it means the opposite

  • Next we have 'grow up'

  • I grew up in a village near to London

  • This means that I spent my childhood or became an adult

  • in a village near to London

  • If you're behaving immaturely

  • Someone might say 'grow up'

  • This could mean you need to behave like an adult.

  • Next we have 'look after'

  • Can you look after my dog this week?

  • Can you care for my dog this week?

  • So, the next one is 'pick up'

  • Your phone is ringing, pick it up!

  • This means to answer it.

  • The next one, can you pick me up from work?

  • Can you collect me from work?

  • The we have 'to run out'

  • Oh no! All my phone battery has run out

  • It has become empty or finished.

  • And the final one, 'throw away'

  • This milk is too old, I need to throw it away.

  • I need to put it in the bin.

  • `That was just an introduction so there is a lot more to learn and many more phrasal verbs!

  • But I hope to do further explanations and other videos on phrasal verbs very very soon.

  • So if you liked the video and you want to see more

  • subscribe to my channel and also complete the quiz that I'm showing next.

  • many mo....mnfgdmngmngmngpfss

Hang on!

Subtitles and vocabulary

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A2 UK phrasal preposition phrasal verb jacket hint separable

PHRASAL VERBS! 4 Helpful Hints & 10 Useful Phrasal Verbs

Video vocabulary