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  • Anybody can learn a second language in six months. There are five principles and seven

  • actions. The first rule, first principle for learning a language is focus on language content

  • that is relative to YOU. I had a colleague many years ago, we had 48 hours to deliver

  • a training manual in Chinese. In 48 hours, she learned to type Chinese because it was

  • relevant, it was meaningful, it was important. So the second principle for learning a language

  • is: to use your language as a tool to communicate, right from day 1! When I first arrived in

  • China, I didn't speak a word of Chinese, on my second week, I got to take a train ride

  • overnight. I spent 8 hours sitting in the dining car, talking to one of the guards on

  • the train, in Chinese. He was drawing pictures and making movements with his hands and piece

  • by piece by piece I understood more and more. 2 weeks later when people were talking Chinese

  • around me, I was understanding some of this and I hadn't made any effort to learn that.

  • Which brings us to the 3rd principle: When you first understand the message, then you

  • will acquire the language unconsciously. And language learning, it's about physiological

  • training! Because we have filters in our brain that filter out the sounds of languages that

  • we're not familiar with and if you can't hear it, you won't understand it. Speaking takes

  • muscle - you have to coordinate those in a way that you make sounds that other people

  • will understand. And the final principle, if you're sad, angry, worried, upset, you're

  • not going to learn, period! You need to be tolerant of ambiguity. If you're one of those

  • people who needs to understand 100% every word you're hearing, you will go nuts! If

  • you're comfortable getting some, not getting some, paying attention to what you do understand,

  • you're gonna be fine, you'll be relaxed and you'll be learning quickly. What are the 7

  • actions that you take? Number 1 - Listen alot! Doesn't matter if you understand it or not.

  • You're listening to the rhythms, you're listening to patterns that repeat, you're listening

  • to things that stand out. The second action: Get the meaning first even before you get

  • the word. From body language you can understand a lot of communication. The third action,

  • start mixing! If you've got ten verbs, ten nouns and ten adjectives, you can say 1000

  • different things. Focus on the core. With every language, there's high frequency content.

  • In English, 1000 words covers 85% of anything you're ever gonna say in daily communication.

  • Start with your toolbox. How do you say that? I don't understand. Repeat that please. What

  • does that mean? By week 2: Me, this, you, that. And by the 3rd or 4th week: Although,

  • but, therefore. You should get yourself a language parent who will communicate with

  • you essentially as an equal. First of all they will work hard to understand what you

  • mean even when you're way off. Secondly they will never correct your mistakes. Thirdly

  • they will feedback their understanding of what you're saying so that you can respond

  • and then they will use words that you know. The sixth thing you have to do is copy the

  • face. You gotta get the muscles working right. And the final idea here, what you need to

  • do is realize that everything you know is an image inside your mind. If you talk about

  • fire you can smell the smoke and you can see the flames. There are five principles, seven

  • actions, do them all, you're going to be fluent in a second language in 6 months. Thank you.

Anybody can learn a second language in six months. There are five principles and seven

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How to learn any language in 6 months | Chris Lonsdale (TED Talk Summary)

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    g2 posted on 2017/04/29
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