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  • Perhaps it's because movies are so massively expensive to make.

  • Perhaps it's because graphic novels, TV shows, video games, books and the like are such rich sources

  • of material, or perhaps it's just because audiences just prefer the familiar.

  • Whatever the reason most box office hits rely heavily on existing material.

  • Of the ten highest grossing films per year from the last ten years

  • 74 out of 100 are either sequels or remakes of earlier films or adaptations

  • of comic books, videos games, books and so on.

  • Transforming the old into the new is Hollywood's greatest talent.

  • Everything is a Remix

  • Part Two: Remix Inc.

  • At this point we've got three sequels to a film adapted from a theme park attraction.

  • We've got a movie musical based on a musical, which was based on a movie.

  • We've got two sequels to a film that was adapted from an animated TV show

  • based on a line of toys.

  • We've got a movie based on two books, one of which was based on a blog,

  • which was inspired by the other book, which was adapted into the film.

  • Do you follow? We've got 11 Star Trek films, 12 Friday the 13ths, and 23 James Bonds.

  • We've got stories that have been told, retold, transformed, referenced and subverted

  • since the dawn of cinema.

  • We've seen vampires morph from hideous monsters to caped bedroom invaders

  • to campy jokes, to sexy hunks to sexier hunks.

  • Of the few box office hits that aren't sequels remakes or adaptations

  • the word original wouldn't spring to mind to describe them.

  • These are genre movies and they stick to pretty standard templates.

  • Genres then break up into subgenres with their own even more specific conventions.

  • So within the category of horror films we have subgenres like

  • slasher, zombie, creature and of course torture porn.

  • All have standard elements that are appropriated, transformed and subverted.

  • Let's use the biggest film of the decade as an example.

  • Now it's not a sequel, remake or adaptation but it is a genre film, sci-fi and most tellingly

  • it's a member of a tiny subgenre where sympathetic white people feel

  • bad about all the murder, pillaging and annihilation being done on their behalf.

  • I call this subgenre "Sorry About Colonialism".

  • I'm talking about movies like Dances with Wolves, The Last Samurai, The Last of the Mohicans,

  • Dune, Lawrence of Arabia, A Man Called Horse and even Ferngully and Pocahontas.

  • Films are built on other films as well as on books, TV shows, actual events, plays whatever.

  • This applies to everything from the lowliest genre film right on up to revered indie fare.

  • And it even applies to massively influential blockbusters, the kinds of films that

  • reshape pop culture.

  • Which brings us to

  • Even now, Star Wars endures as a work of impressive imagination, but many of its individual

  • components are as recognizable as the samples in a remix.

  • The foundation for Stars Wars comes from Joseph Campbell. He popularized the structures of myth

  • in his book, The Hero With a Thousand Faces. Star Wars follows the outline of the monomyth,

  • which consists of stages like The Call to Adventure, Supernatural Aid, The Belly of the Whale,

  • The Road of Trials, The Meeting with the Goddess and a bunch more.

  • Also huge influences were the Flash Gordon serials from the thirties and Japanese director Akira Kurasowa.

  • Star Wars plays much like an updated version of Flash Gordon, right down

  • to the soft wipes and the opening titles design.

  • From Kurosowa we get masters of spiritual martial arts, a low-ranking bickering duo, more soft wipes,

  • a beneath-the-floorboards hideaway, and a boastful baddy getting his arm chopped off.

  • War films and westerns were also huge sources for Star Wars

  • The scene where Luke discovers his slaughtered family resembles this scene from The Searchers

  • And the scene where Han Solo shoots Greedo resembles this scene from The Good The Bad And The Ugly

  • The climatic air strikes in The Damnbusters, 633 Squadron and the Bridges at Toko-Ri play very similarly to the run on the Death Star

  • And in many cases existing shots were used as templates for Star Wars special effects

  • There's also many other elemants clearly derived from various films

  • We have a tim man like the tin woman in Metropolis

  • A couple of shots inspired by 2001

  • A grab the girl and swing scene like this one in the 7th Voyage Of Sinbad

  • A holographic projection kinda like the one in Forbidden Planet

  • A rally resembling this one in Triumph Of The Will

  • And cute little robots much like those in Silent Running

  • George Lucas collected materials, he combined them, he transformed them

  • without the films that preceded it there could be no Star Wars

  • Creation requires infuence

  • Everything we make is a remix of existing creations, our lives and the lives of others

  • As Isaac Newton once said, "We stand on the soldiers of giants"

  • Which is what he was doing when he adapted that saying from Bernard de Chartres

  • In Part 3 we'll further explore this idea

  • and chart the blurry boundry between the original and the unoriginal.

  • George Lucas was the most movie saturated film maker of his era

  • but that baton has since been pased to

  • Quentin Tarantino's remix master thesis is Kill Bill

  • Which is probably the closest thing Hollywood has to a mashup

  • Packed with elements pulled from countless films

  • Kill Bill raises filmic sampling to new heightsof sophistication

  • The killer nurse scene in particular is almost entirely a recombination of elements from existing films

  • The basic action is the same as this scene from Black Sunday

  • where a woman disguise d as a nurse atempts to murder a patient with a surynge of red fluid

  • Darryl Hannah's eye patch is a not to the lead characher in The Call Her One Eye

  • and the tune she is whistling is taken from the 1968 thriller Twisted Nerve

  • capping it off the split screen effect is modeled on techniques used by Brian De Palma

  • in an assortment of films including Carrie

  • For and extended look at Kill Bill's referances check this out

  • Hi there, I'm Kirby, I am the creator of Everything is a Remix

  • and i hope you enjoyed this latest installment

  • Now if you did, if you enjoyed it a lot and you would like to help me keep sluggin' away at it

  • financial contributions are very much welcome and you can do that at the address that is here

  • or you can go to my site and click donate

  • This series really is a massive amount of work so all contributions really do help

  • Also go to everythingisaremix.info if you'd like to learn more about the production this video

  • the samples, the referances, all the stuff that went into the making of it

  • Thank you for watching, my sincere thanks for your support, your feedback

  • your praise, your criticism, the lot

  • Thank you, i hope you like the video

  • i hope you'll like the next one

  • and I'll see you next time

Perhaps it's because movies are so massively expensive to make.

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B2 remix star scene film adapted existing

Everything is a Remix Part 2

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    Zenn posted on 2013/07/02
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