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  • This is the Rachel’s English 30-day challenge.

  • Learn 30 phrasal verbs in 30 days.

  • Jumpstart your vocabulary in 2017.

  • Today is day 3 and were studyingcutphrasal verbs.

  • Now, there are so many phrasal verbs withcut’, and theyre so complicated, that

  • were breaking this into a two-part series.

  • So today, you get part 1.

  • Today were studyingcut’.

  • And there are so many phrasal verbs withcut’, that I’m going to cut this video in two.

  • There’s a story about my brother when he was a baby, and some confusion over phrasal

  • verbs.

  • He heard the sound of a chainsaw outside, and he said, “What are they doing?”

  • My mom said, “theyre cutting down a tree.”

  • This means, cutting it at the base so there is no tree anymore.

  • Cutting it down.

  • Later, they were still going, he still heard the sound of the chainsaw, and he said, well,

  • what are they doing now?

  • My mom said, “well, now theyre cutting it up.”

  • He said, “why would they cut it down if they were just going to cut it up?”

  • Well, of course, cutting a tree down is not the opposite of cutting a tree up.

  • Cut down has a couple of different meanings.

  • It can mean, like in the case of the tree, to make something fall down by cutting it

  • at the base.

  • It can also mean to reduce: I’m trying to cut down on sugars, but it’s so hard around

  • the holidays.

  • If you cut someone down, youre trying to make that person look or feel stupid.

  • The bully cut her down in front of everyone by making fun of her glasses.

  • There’s also a phrase to cut someone down to size.

  • That means, they think theyre better than they are, and you want them to know you don’t

  • think theyre so great.

  • He was so arrogant.

  • I’m going to cut him down to size at the next meeting.

  • To cut up means to cut into pieces.

  • The vegetables need to be cut up.

  • If someone is a cutup, he or she is making jokes, being funny.

  • I love John.

  • He’s such a cutup.

  • If you cut someone up, that’s not good.

  • That means youve attacked him with a knife.

  • But, it also has a figurative meaning, for when someone is very upset, hurt feelings.

  • She’s cut up over losing her job.

  • To cut back has the same meaning as to cut down: it’s to reduce.

  • We need to cut back our reliance on fossil fuels.

  • I need to cut back calories if I’m going to lose weight.

  • To cut across or to cut through something is to take a shortcut, make your route a shorter

  • distance.

  • Let’s cut through the quad, it’s quicker that way.

  • He cut through the woods.

  • Cut acrosscan also mean to affect different groups: News of the merger cut across all

  • the departments: Everyone, even those people in separate departments who maybe didn’t

  • usually get along, felt worried about the merger.

  • Cut throughcan also mean to slice something: the knife cut through the rope easily.

  • That can also be used figuratively: his words cut through my heart.

  • Cut away means, in video, to change to a different scene.

  • For example, cut away to people laughing.

  • If you cut something away, that means you remove it, with a knife or a scissors or something

  • like that.

  • Cut away the fat before cooking the chicken.

  • Okay, so that was cut down, cut up, cut back, cut across, cut through, cut away.

  • Tomorrow youll learn cut in, cut into, cut off, and cut out.

  • The word CUT is pronounced with the K consonant sound, the UH as in BUTTER vowel, and the

  • T. Kk, touch the back of the tongue to the soft palate and release, cu-.

  • For the UH vowel, relax everything, uh, , cu-, let the resonance of the voice fall low, uh,

  • down here.

  • Uh, cu-.

  • The pronunciation of the T sound depends on the word after it.

  • If the next word begins with a vowel, make that a Flap T, like incut across’.

  • Cut a-, cut a-, cut a-.

  • Just bounce the tongue against the roof of the mouth, don’t stop the air, cut a-, cut

  • across.

  • If the next word begins with a consonant, then a Stop T will sound great here, like

  • in the phrasecut back”.

  • Cut back, cut, stop the air, cut back, cut back.

  • You don’t release the T, you don’t hear a T sound.

  • What you hear is an abrupt stop, the the next word.

  • Cut back, cut back.

  • To catch all of the videos in this 30-day challenge, be sure to sign up for my mailing

  • list, it’s absolutely free.

  • And definitely subscribe to my YouTube channel and like Rachel’s English on Facebook.

  • Click the links in the description.

  • This 30-day challenge is leading up to a phrasal verbs course that will be available in my

  • online school on February 1.

  • Rachel’s English Academy is a collection of courses focusing on English conversation,

  • pronunciation, and listening comprehension.

  • You will understand Americans better, and speak better English, with these courses.

  • Visit RachelsEnglishAcademy.com to sign up and get started today.

  • See the 30-day challenge playlist here and be sure to subscribe to my channel.

  • Keep in touch with details like my online school and courses by signing up for my mailing

  • list.

This is the Rachel’s English 30-day challenge.

Subtitles and vocabulary

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B1 US cut phrasal cutting cut cut tree rachel english

PHRASAL VERB CUT part 1

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    Darren posted on 2017/04/04
Video vocabulary