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  • Sian here for BBC Learning English. In this Masterclass we're going to look at more ways

  • you can use discourse markers to help connect your ideas when you're having conversations.

  • Ok, so discourse markers will help you sound more fluent and help you understand native

  • speaker conversations. We're going to look at seven different discourse markers today.

  • Listen to this conversation I had with Dan before Christmas. Can you hear seven different

  • discourse markers?

  • I've just found out that nobody wants to go skydiving for our staff Christmas party!

  • Well, to tell you the truth it was a bit of a crazy idea... I mean, we normally just go

  • out for dinner!

  • But you see I thought everyone would love the idea, so I've already bought all the tickets

  • and they are non-refundable...

  • Ah! So in other words you've lost a lot of money!

  • Yes!

  • Well at the end of the day, it's only money and Christmas is coming...

  • Yeah but I won't have enough money to buy any presents for my family.

  • I know. Why don't you take them all skydiving as your gift to them?

  • That's a great idea... they'll be over the moon, so to speak!

  • OK, so look at this conversation. Here are all seven.

  • Let's have a look at the function of each one:

  • Number 1, we had 'to tell you the truth'. We use this when you are about to give your

  • opinion. So often when you are going to say what you really think or feel, sometimes when

  • you are just about to insult someone.

  • The second one we used was 'I mean'. We use 'I mean' when you're about to explain or correct

  • a statement, or often just to give yourself time. It's like a filler.

  • Next we had 'you see'. This means I'm about to give an explanation or I'm going to give

  • you some new information.

  • Number 4 was 'in other words'. This is used when you are going to explain something in

  • a different way, either something you've already said or something the person you are having

  • a conversation with has said.

  • Then we had 'at the end of the day'. This is used very commonly and it doesn't mean

  • at the end of the day literally. We use this when you're about to say the most important

  • thing after you've considered everything else...kind of like a summary.

  • Next we had 'I know'. This is used when you have a sudden idea at the time of speaking.

  • And finally we used 'so to speak' this is quite tricky. We use it when you've used an

  • expression, but you want to emphasise that what you said is not meant literally, you're

  • using it metaphorically. So even though Dan's family are going skydiving, they won't literally

  • be going over the moon... it just means they're going to be happy.

  • So you see discourse markers can be tricky but at the end of the day all you need is

  • practice. So go to our website See you soon. Goodbye!

Sian here for BBC Learning English. In this Masterclass we're going to look at more ways

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A2 BEG UK discourse skydiving christmas conversation dan idea

BBC Masterclass: Words used to connect ideas - so to speak, I mean... (Discourse Markers 2)

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    pipus   posted on 2017/03/16
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