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  • Hi, I'm Tim and this is my pronunciation workshop.

  • Here, I'm gonna show you how English is really spoken. It'll help you become a better listener

  • and a more fluent speaker. Come on, let's go inside.

  • Now, when we speak English fluently, the sounds in words can join together, change or even

  • disappear entirely. Sometimes more than one of these can happen. Take this, for example.

  • Now, I'm sure you know what it is, but let's ask the people of London:

  • Now, the word 'sandwich' has an /n/ followed

  • by a /d/, doesn't it? Or does it? Listen again: what sound can you hear?

  • Instead of 'sandwich', we hear 'samwich'.

  • That's pretty crazy, right! So, what is going on? Well, first the /d/ disappears in between

  • two consonants. You might remember this from our video on elision. So 'sandwich' becomes

  • 'sanwich'. Now, we have an /n/ followed by a /w/, and /n/ changes to /m/ before /w/.

  • You might remember this from our video on assimilation. So 'sandwich' becomes 'samwich'.

  • Have another look, this time in slow motion. Watch the shape of the mouth. Can you see

  • /nd/ or /m/?

  • Pretty cool, huh? Here are some more examples:

  • Ok, so you've heard the examples, and now

  • it's your turn. Are you ready? Listen and repeat.

  • Well done. Remember if you want to see more

  • on pronunciation please visit our website: That's about it from

  • the pronunciation workshop for now. I'll see you soon. Bye. Now, where did I put that sandwich?

  • It was handmade, just for me.

Hi, I'm Tim and this is my pronunciation workshop.

Subtitles and vocabulary

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A2 BEG UK pronunciation workshop elision handmade listen disappears

Pronunciation: pronouncing 'nd'

Video vocabulary