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  • Mhmm...! Okay.

  • So, there’s this question that I’ve been asking myself a lot lately.

  • I’m constantly distracted...

  • Wait...wait...wait.

  • Umm...

  • I wasn't listening.

  • My room is a mess.

  • I cleaned this yesterday.

  • And I keep forgetting my keys everywhere.

  • Do I have ADHD?

  • And it seems like a lot of people on the internet are asking the exact same question.

  • But the thing is... diagnosis can be a bit tricky.

  • And the ADHD community is divided into two sides: People who think ADHD is being over-diagnosed,

  • and people that think it’s being underdiagnosed.

  • A key criteria for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is that, it shows up at a very early period of life.

  • And that's according to the DSM, a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association.

  • It’s essentially a huge guide with standardized criteria that doctors use to diagnose

  • mental disorders.

  • And according to the latest edition, there are 5 big things that need to be checked off

  • to determine if someone has ADHD.

  • First, you need to show persistent patterns of at least 6 symptoms from at least one of two categories.

  • And these symptoms had to

  • exist before the age of 12.

  • Be present in two or more different settings.

  • Interfere with your social, academic, or professional abilities.

  • And not bebetter explained by another mental disorder”.

  • If you do meet these criteria, the good news is that ADHD medications are super effective.

  • You might be familiar with Ritalin.

  • It was introduced in back in 1955, and since then more pharmaceutical companies developed new types

  • of ADHD medication.

  • Today, about 75% of ADHD patients respond to 1 of 2 types of stimulants.

  • Methylphenidate —  which is in brands like Ritalin and Concertaand Amphetamine,

  • which is found in Adderall.

  • But not everyone thinks this boom in drugs is a positive thing.

  • This is Dr. Allen Frances,

  • and he believes that ADHD is being overdiagnosed.

  • According to a number of studies done in the US, Taiwan, Iceland, and Canadathe youngest

  • kid in the classroom was way more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than the oldest kid.

  • In 2013, the DSM’s criteria broadened to include children who had symptoms by age 12.

  • Where previously, it required symptoms before the age 7.

  • This looser criteria could possibly increase the risk of more children being misdiagnosed

  • for ADHD and put on drugs.

  • And all drugs have side effectseven the effective ones.

  • Studies have found that ADHD medications increase heart rate and blood pressure.

  • Other side effects include strokes, depression, and addiction.

  • In rare cases, misdiagnosis can mean treating the wrong problem altogether.

  • On the other hand...

  • This is Dr. David Goodman and he thinks ADHD is being underdiagnosed.

  • And this is a big problem, especially for women.

  • Women are generally harder to diagnose because while hyperactivity is more common in men

  • and boys, inattentiveness is more common for women and girls.

  • Boys are twice as likely to be diagnosed with ADHD as girls are.

  • But many argue that it’s not necessarily because it’s more common in boys.

  • According to psychologist Ellen Littman, studies of ADHD were based mostly on hyperactive young

  • boys, — leading to a distorted understanding of the disorder.

  • Dr. Goodman also argues that media portrayals of ADHD can add to a stigma that keeps people

  • from seeking treatment.

  • Hi there!

  • What’s your name?

  • My name is Abernathy Darwin Dunlap, but you can call me ADDon the count of the fact that I have ADD.”

  • Wow.

  • You were just the worst student in the world, weren’t you?”

  • They said I have ADsomething.

  • Can we have class outside?!”

  • An extensive study has shown that ADHD patients who get treatment have much more beneficial

  • academic and social outcomes in the long run than those who don’t.

  • So the real problem here isn’t really whether

  • there are too many or too few people diagnosed

  • with ADHD.

  • It’s... are the right people, getting the right treatment.

  • And that’s something youre not going to find on the internet.

Mhmm...! Okay.

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Do I have ADHD?

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    韓澐 posted on 2017/02/10
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