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  • Please welcome the star of the new

  • Warner Bros. film Fantastic Beasts

  • and Where To Find Them

  • Academy Award winner Eddie Redmayne.

  • Good evening ladies and gentlemen.

  • I am so excited that you are excited.

  • Welcome to Carnegie Hall and...

  • Thank you!

  • Welcome to a very what I hope is a very

  • special evening. More than 25 years ago,

  • an author put pen to paper and created

  • one of the most extraordinary stories

  • that the world has ever seen.

  • Her astounding imagination continues to

  • thrill us, it captivates us, it enthrals us,

  • it moves us, and it leaves us wanting more.

  • And tonight ladies and gentlemen,

  • there will be more!

  • But ten years ago, an unimaginable image

  • and an unthinkable story propelled her

  • down a very different path, where the

  • lives of millions of voices children

  • would need saving. The author is J.K. Rowling,

  • and the path is Lumos.

  • Tonight, we will cast a light on eight million

  • hidden children around the world

  • who desperately need our help.

  • [Narrated] A child's life is so much more than the

  • sum of its parts, and the love a family

  • brings hold everything together. From the

  • very beginning, a child thrives on

  • individual care and attention. The baby

  • quickly forges a bond with loving

  • parents, and because of this bond the

  • brain develops with remarkable speed and

  • complexity. Within a safe, secure and

  • stimulating environment, a child gets the

  • most out of life. In play, education and

  • friendship, their personalities develop

  • freely within safe bounds. But this

  • picture of childhood can be a fragile

  • one. Conflict and disaster can destroy

  • the foundations of family life. When

  • countries suffer the effects of extreme

  • poverty, the bonds which holds families

  • together can easily be broken apart. In

  • these circumstances, families can feel

  • they have no choice but to place their

  • child into a so-called orphanage -

  • especially if the child is disabled, and

  • needs care the family cannot afford.

  • Community support alternatives may not

  • exist. That orphanages do exist

  • locally may convince desperate parents

  • that there is no alternative. But once

  • the child enters an orphanage, a very

  • different picture of childhood can

  • emerge. The child must now compete for the

  • unique attention they crave. A lack of

  • individual care harms babies, and affects

  • their infant brains at a critical stage.

  • Any schooling they receive is no

  • compensation for the parental love they

  • are denied, and children can become cut

  • off from the world. Ill-prepared for life

  • outside, they have very poor life chances.

  • And they are much more likely to fall

  • victim to abuse and crime once they

  • leave an orphanage.

  • And we know there are at least eight

  • million of these children worldwide.But

  • there is hope, and it lies a very hard

  • problem.

  • Eighty percent of children in orphanages

  • are NOT in fact orphans, but have parents

  • or extended families who could care for

  • them, given some support. And by better

  • channeling existing donations, we can

  • support these vulnerable children at

  • home. By directing funds away from

  • so-called orphanages, we can transform

  • systems of care. We can establish

  • community based services, and prevent

  • these places from ever taking root.

  • Community-based services are a better

  • investment for donors, they are more

  • cost-efficient than residential care and they

  • reward children and communities in the

  • long-run.

  • Placing children into orphanages is a

  • choice and not a necessity.

  • It is preventable and reversible. And by

  • giving communities options in how they

  • support families, we can change the lives

  • of millions of children and give them

  • strong beginnings and the futures they deserve.

  • so now to hear more about Lumos and it's

  • life-changing work please welcome to the

  • stage its founder ladies and gentlemen

  • the extraordinary J.K. Rowling

  • thank you thank you very much so here we

  • are here we are this is a big deal this is

  • we're playing Carnegie Hall, we are, yes

  • it's actually my second time it was it

  • really alright, so in a short while we get to

  • show these people our little movie

  • yeah which is exciting and a little bit terrifying

  • um and we will get onto talking about

  • that in a little bit

  • but first the reason we're all here so

  • we've just seen this film

  • this is clearly a massive humanitarian issue

  • and a gigantic undertaking

  • I wondered why why this issue why is it

  • so close to your heart

  • well I think Eddie said it really well in

  • his introduction

  • it is the truth is that i saw it and use

  • a newspaper story about a very small boy

  • he was seven years old and he was

  • effectively being kept in a cage and I

  • was pregnant at the time and I saw this

  • image in the newspaper and it was such a

  • shocking image of this child holding onto

  • wire and screaming that I went to turn

  • the page i went to turn the page because

  • it was painful to look at and I felt

  • very ashamed as i went to the page I

  • thought no no you have to read the story

  • and if it's as bad as it looks you gotta

  • do something about it so I read the

  • story and it was even worse than it

  • looked so to cut a very long story short

  • the next

  • I I pulled out the young new story which

  • was all about an institution in the

  • Czech Republic were very young children

  • were being kept in appalling conditions

  • i went home the next day, monday

  • I started to write letters to anyone I

  • could think of MPs and MEPs and the

  • I wrote to the president of the Czech Republic

  • I wrote to everyone I could think of

  • and that led me to connecting with

  • experts in this field and the creation

  • of Lumos and so there are 8 million

  • children living in orphanages worldwide

  • that we know that we know of

  • see I think what's staggering with what

  • was amazing to meet my first began

  • finding out about this if these issues

  • you think how could eight million

  • children be going through this and we

  • don't know but at a very small amount of

  • thought shows you they are as as you

  • just said so

  • voiceless they are literally hidden from

  • sight so in fact eight million maybe a

  • conservative estimate there may be more

  • children who have been taken from

  • families that we don't know about

  • because record-keeping tends to be poor

  • which is one of the problems

  • and they are institutions and the we're

  • saying are harmful to children I suppose

  • I imagine not everyone agrees

  • absolutely so it is completely

  • understandable that we and by we I mean

  • wealthy Westerners we may have an idea

  • that institutions are kind kind in that

  • otherwise perhaps the child will be on

  • the street or the child is alone that's

  • completely understand what we tend to

  • have that image in our minds from movies

  • like Annie the orphanages can be kind of fun!

  • actually that's not true

  • even the well-run ones are proven as we

  • saw in that short film to do

  • often irreparable harm you will know

  • because he has it you have a baby now

  • who is five months five months old yup

  • and you will know as I know as all of us

  • who have anything to do with small

  • children know that they are hard-wired

  • to demand love they just come out

  • looking for it because that's what they

  • need for brain development and as was

  • shown in this movie we know that

  • children who are raised in institutions

  • suffer developmental delays they tend to

  • be physically stunted they normally have

  • psychological trauma it is just not what

  • nature intended for children to be

  • herded together and not given individual

  • individual loving care

  • and this sort of studies and statistics

  • absolutely so I'm not just saying this

  • plucking this out of the air to tell you

  • we have 80 years of research now that

  • shows very very clearly all the research

  • agrees that this is very harmful and in

  • fact Lumos works with scientists in the

  • field who will who can show you brain

  • scans showing the difference between a

  • child that's come from an

  • institution and a child has been raising

  • a family as the movie shown with one

  • large recent study shows that children

  • who come out of institutions were six

  • times more likely to have been abused

  • 10 times more likely to enter prostitution

  • 40 times more likely to have a criminal record

  • and they were 500 times more

  • likely to kill themselves

  • so you see we do have this enormous bank

  • of research telling us that we are

  • allowing or even inadvertently causing

  • children to be harmed for me one of the

  • complicated things get my head round and

  • I suppose for people in developed

  • countries like the US or the UK in which

  • institutionalization is a thing of the past

  • one of the things we struggle with I

  • suppose there's this sort of disconnect

  • in terms of how we view orphanages

  • I can completely agree i think a

  • small amount of thought shows us if you

  • imagine what would happen god forbid

  • were a terrible natural disaster to hit

  • New York tonight your everyone i think

  • would immediatley think what the important

  • thing is i keep my loved ones close to

  • we stay together and we get the

  • support we need to rebuild our business

  • find ourselves at home when we put

  • ourselves and our families in that in

  • that mentally in that position we

  • understand however what's happening

  • across the developed world is disaster hits

  • and families are immediately pulled

  • apart we'll take those children from you

  • now imagine that in the wake of the

  • disaster that people come to you and say

  • what if you get

  • that child will get fed only if you give

  • me that child and that's what we keep

  • propping up the system and it's causing

  • a huge amount of damage and so so is

  • that why families are being torn apart

  • is there they're sort of why do parents

  • give them all right exactly

  • this is that I mean for many people

  • that's the key questions so when I tell

  • people eighty percent of these these

  • children have parents then a an

  • understandable reaction is what loving

  • parent could give up their child to one