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  • Hello, my name is Emmelda and welcome to my new lesson. A lot of English learners love

  • to learn new vocabulary as they think it will help them improve their English, which is

  • right, true. However, you need to have very strong foundation with your grammar as well.

  • Am I correct? So we will be taking a grammar lesson today on nouns. So those learners who

  • think... uh this is nouns I know, I know it all, I can handle it. No, hold on as we will

  • be talking about collective and uncountable nouns. These two set of nouns are such that

  • a lot of people make mistakes, even the most advanced English speakers as well. So let's

  • get started with the nouns.

  • What are nouns? Nouns are names given to person, place, animal or thing or even an organization.

  • Let me give you an example. John lives in the UK or the United Kingdom with his dog

  • called Snoopy and he loves to play with his ball or a bat. Now here, John is a name of

  • a person. UK is a name of a place. Snoopy is a name of a dog which is an animal. Ball

  • is a name of a thing. So John, UK, Snoopy, ball or bat. One thing that you need to notice

  • if you are talking about a proper noun, that means a name given specifically to a person

  • or a place or an animal, you need to start that word, that name with a capital letter.

  • Notice this, John.. J is in caps, Snoopy... S is in caps, UK it is an abbreviation; this

  • has to be in capital letters. So J,UK, S all start with a capital letter irrespective where

  • they are placed in a sentence, okay. So that is a proper noun. But you can't be talking

  • about John all the time. John lives in the UK. John loves his dog. John works here, John

  • does this? You need to replace these names or these nouns with other words. That is what

  • we call pronouns. When you replace with a he or let's say you are talking about me.

  • Hey Emmelda, looks nice, thank you and you say she wears a beautiful dress. You are replacing

  • the name Emmelda with she. He, she. The dog loves to lick his master. It is quite funny.

  • You are replacing the dog with an it. They like the movie or let's say my friends who

  • went to a theatre loved the movie. They loved the movie so much, they wanted to see it again.

  • They, you are replacing the friends with they. So he, she, it, they, them. They all are used

  • to replace someone very specific and that is what you call as pronouns. You call such

  • words as pronouns. So noun and pronoun is very simple, I'm sure you would agree. So

  • let's started with the most tricky ones. Collective nouns, what are collective nouns?

  • A lot of people get confused with collective nouns. Well, in basic English, collective

  • nouns are words given to a group of people or a group of things or animals. Let's take

  • a look at a few examples. People, people we have team. A team of employees are working

  • on a project for an organization. Team of employees, team of students, team of members,

  • a team. Class, you have class

  • of students studying a particular subject. Family, this is my family. A family may consist

  • of more than 5 or 6 people. There are 5 or 6 people, but you consider them family. You

  • don't say, families, no right. Unless you are talking about two different or three different

  • families, right. So team, class, family. One thing that you want to note about collective

  • nouns is that you always use a singular verb when you are referring to one team or a class

  • or a family. You do not say the team are going here. The team is going here. Irrespective

  • of how many members the team has. You don't say, the class was or the class were listening

  • to a lecture, no. You would say the class was listening. So is, was you will use singular

  • verbs for collective nouns. So a team of people or employees, a class of students, family.

  • However, if you are talking about police or crew. Let's say something happened, there

  • was a crime. You would say, hey the police is coming. Yes the police is coming. The next

  • you are going to say, they are going to catch you. Now here you referring to a few people

  • in the police department who is going to catch you. Although you use the police and is. But

  • in the next sentence if you are talking about specific people within this group, you will

  • refer them in the plural form. Okay, so the police is coming, they will catch you. So

  • you understood the difference, you use the collective noun with a singular verb.

  • Now, moving on to animals. A lot of people don't know these words for animals. Herd,

  • herd of zebras, herd of zebras. The herd of zebras is moving away to escape the lion's

  • angry roar. Zebras, a herd of zebras. An army of frogs. It is an army of frogs, you don't

  • say a lot of frogs are going. You can say that, but if a lot of frogs are moving in

  • one direction together, you say an army of frogs. School of fish. You don't say, there

  • are so many fishes in the ocean. We say we have many schools of fish in the ocean or

  • there is a school of fish in the pond. School of fish, it is a collective noun for an animal.

  • Moving on to things. We can say, do you say a grape, one grape, two grapes. But what if

  • they come in a bunch. You say a bunch of grapes or a bunch of things. A bunch of grapes, a

  • clutch of eggs or a dozen of eggs. A dozen means 12 eggs, right. So when you club the

  • 12 eggs together, you say a dozen of eggs. Moving on to, a deck of cards. Yes it is cards

  • and not cars. I'm talking about cards. So a deck of cards, a fleet of ship or aero planes.

  • So these are the collective nouns for things. Bunch of grapes, clutch of eggs, deck of cards,

  • fleet of ships of aero planes. Moving on to the last type of noun which is

  • the uncountable noun. I don't mean last type of nouns I'm talking about only for this lesson.

  • So uncountable nouns, what do you mean uncountable nouns. Uncountable nouns are those nouns that

  • you cannot measure, you cannot count. For example, liquids. Can you say one water, two

  • water, three water? Do you say give me a water? Or do you say give me a glass of water? Do

  • you say there is so little water in the pond or do you say there is no less water in the

  • pond. So it is uncountable. You cannot count liquids; you cannot count milk by drops. You

  • have to say a packet of milk or a bottle of milk. Liquids, very basic. But how about something

  • complex? How about when you are talking about advice. Do you say don't give me so many advices.

  • That is incorrect. Don't give me so much advice. It is advice and not advices. Information,

  • the information in the manual is quite clear and easy to understand. You don't say the

  • informations in the manual are quite clear. Information always comes with is. Similarly

  • intelligence. You don't say how many intelligent you are. You say how much intelligent you

  • are. For example when we talk about animals. The animal's level of intelligence is lower

  • than that of humans. You are measuring like a height. You are not saying it is lesser.

  • Or you are not saying it is 50% lower, no. It is lower than humans. Lastly, garbage.

  • You don't say let's get rid of the garbages. Like one dustbin or two dustbins. You would

  • use a collective noun or uncountable noun for garbage. So it is very simple. Lot of

  • advanced learners make mistakes in these words. Advices, informations, instructions. It is

  • not instructions, it is instruction. Give me the instruction, I'll give you an instruction.

  • That's all intelligence and garbage. I hope you understood the lesson on nouns. I hope

  • you found this lesson extremely helpful especially if you are a beginner level student. I will

  • be coming back with a new lesson until then, stay healthy, have fun, be beautiful and keep

  • learning English, goodbye.

Hello, my name is Emmelda and welcome to my new lesson. A lot of English learners love

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A2 US collective uncountable noun john herd class

Learning Nouns ( Collective & Uncountable Nouns) - Basic English Grammar Lessons

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    秋梅 posted on 2016/10/12
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