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  • Swimming has featured at every Paralympics since the first Games in 1960.

  • The Paralympic pool is the same as the Olympic pool measuring 50m in length and 25m wide.

  • There are 10 lanes but only eight are used in competition.

  • Race distances range between one length of the pool – 50m - to 8 lengths in the 400

  • metres and the relay.

  • Sensitive touch pads are used at either end of each lane to record finishing times.

  • Athletes compete in freestyle, backstroke, butterfly, breaststroke, medley and relay events.

  • Competitors can start the race in various positions including standing or sitting on

  • or beside the block, or starting in the water, depending on their impairment.

  • Unlike in athletics, no prosthetics are allowed during competition.

  • Swimming is open to athletes with a diverse range of impairments. They are categorised

  • in three groups: Physical impairment.

  • Visual impairment Intellectual impairment

  • The physical impairment group is sub-divided into ten classes. Lower numbers indicate a

  • greater impact on swimming performance.

  • Visually impaired swimmers have assistance fromtapperswho warn about the approaching

  • wall and the need to turn or to make certain of a firm contact at the finish.

  • They are classified S11-13, the lower the number, the greater the loss of vision.

  • Watch out for those in class S11 – they are required to use blackened goggles in all

  • their events to ensure fair competition

  • Different strokes require different skills. For that reason, the sport is subdivided into

  • S events (for freestyle, backstroke and butterfly) and SB events for breaststroke. SM stands

  • for the medley events.

  • Athletes require speed, strength and immense determination to compete at the highest level.

Swimming has featured at every Paralympics since the first Games in 1960.

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B2 impairment swimming pool medley freestyle competition

Paralympic Sport A-Z: Swimming

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    楊晴薽 posted on 2016/09/25
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