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  • Hi. I'm Gill from www.engvid.com,

  • and today, in this lesson we're going to be looking at some vocabulary

  • for moods, emotions, and feelings, which are all the same thing, really.

  • So, there you are, you've learnt three words that all mean the same thing;

  • "mood", "emotion", "feeling". They're all pretty much the same meaning.

  • Okay? And we're looking at positive

  • words for good... Good emotions, and some negative words for not so happy emotions.

  • Okay.

  • Right, so let's have a look. Most people are going to use "happy" and "sad", those are

  • probably the first words you learn when you want to describe emotions, but sometimes I

  • hear people talking and having a conversation, and they just keep using the same

  • "happy", "sad", and there's no variation. I mean, it's okay, but to have a broader vocabulary is

  • good, especially if you're going to be using it in the IELTS, for example, in the speaking

  • test, or in some essay writing, or any... Any exams you're doing, whether they're written

  • or spoken. It's good to have a wider range of vocabulary. So, I've got some for you, here.

  • So, look no further. Right.

  • So, "happy" and "glad". You may have heard "glad".

  • "Oh, I'm so glad."

  • If your friend tells you that they've just got a new job and they're really enjoying it, you can say:

  • "Oh, I'm so glad to hear that."

  • Or "pleased" is very similar. "I'm really pleased for you.",

  • "Very pleased", "Very glad". Okay? So those are all, "happy", "glad", "pleased", they're

  • all pretty much the same sort of meaning, sort of generally; positive and happy.

  • Then we come to some words that are a little bit more intense;

  • they're stronger. Stronger words. "Delighted". If your friend has this new job, and you say:

  • "Oh, I'm delighted."

  • That's three syllables for one thing, so that makes it "delighted", that makes it more stronger.

  • But also, it's a nice word to know. Also, if you get an invitation to a party, and you say:

  • "Oh, I'd be delighted to come. Thank you." Or an invitation anywhere. "Oh, delighted."

  • Unless, of course, you want to play it cool and not be too, you know.

  • Okay, so you can use "delighted" in writing and in speaking. Okay.

  • The same with this word: "thrilled". There's the word "thrill", which is the noun.

  • "What a thrill", and you can practice your: "th", "thra", "thra". It's difficult to say, because

  • it's not just the "th", which is hard for some people, but there's an "r" as well, so it's:

  • "thrilled", it's quite hard to say if you're not used to that kind of pronunciation.

  • "Thrill" and "thrilled". "I'd be thrilled"-okay?-"to go to the party".

  • And, here's another, this is a very sophisticated word: "elated". It's not the sort of word,

  • perhaps, that you would use in a sort of informal, casual conversation. "Elated" is quite a high,

  • high status kind of word, but it's a good one in certain contexts. Okay. And "elation",

  • the noun, "elation", but it's not used in sort of everyday life. Okay, "ecstatic" is

  • a little bit like "elated". You've probably heard of the noun "ecstasy", okay?

  • Which, unfortunately, is also now linked with a drug, which is probably unfortunate, but there we

  • are. But that's the drug "ecstasy" produces a result of feeling ecstasy. So, ecstatic,

  • but please don't try it; not a good idea. So, "ecstatic", it's a very extreme, extreme

  • kind of word again. Extreme.

  • Okay?

  • "Delirious" is another. Sometimes this is used in a medical sense by doctors. If someone

  • is delirious, they may have a high temperature. If the doctor takes their temperature and

  • it's way up, and maybe they've got a cold or a fever - delirious.

  • You can be deliriously happy. That doesn't mean you have a temperature and a cold;

  • it just means you're really, really, really happy.

  • But, you can also be delirious with a fever, so it's that sort of extreme

  • sense with that word. Okay?

  • "In a good mood" is: "Oh, we're back down to earth again. It was getting a little bit too exciting."

  • We're back down to earth. If you say you're in a good mood, that's sort

  • of normal. It's like saying: "happy", "glad", "pleased", "in a good mood". Ah, we can relax

  • a bit, okay. It's just a nice, happy mood; "in a good mood". Okay? But, oh we're going

  • up again now: "over the moon", that's right up into the... Leaving the planet. If you're

  • over the moon, you're really, really, really happy again-okay?-because you're going right

  • up into space. So, that's obviously what we call an idiom.

  • Idiom, because it's not literally true; you don't actually go up in a rocket and go over the moon,

  • but that's the sort of feeling of extreme. "Elation", okay?

  • "Over the moon".

  • And similarly, not quite as high, so we're coming back down to Earth a bit now:

  • "on cloud nine", if you think of the clouds in the sky, there's a cloud up there,

  • number nine for some reason, and you're on that cloud. So that's sort of up, feeling happy,

  • up in the sky. Okay? So, ah: "walking on the air", we're coming back down to earth a little bit now,

  • because if you're walking on air, it's like your feet are just a few inches above the

  • ground; you can't feel your feet touching the ground because you're happy about something.

  • So, that's "walking on air", another idiom.

  • And finally, in the positive section:

  • "a happy bunny". If you say: "Oh, I'm a happy bunny",

  • or "a very happy bunny" sometimes. "Bunny", I don't know if you know this word.

  • It's another word for "rabbit".

  • Okay? A rabbit, a little pet that people have, or there are wild rabbits

  • as well. Children call them "bunnies", "bunny rabbit". They often say both words,

  • "bunny rabbit". But "a happy bunny", I don't know where this came from. It's... I think it's

  • fairly recent, maybe in the past 10 years. But if you're a happy bunny, it's a sort of

  • a joke, jokey kind of thing to say, but that means you're happy, very happy. Okay? Right,

  • so I hope that's given you a good range of positive words, just normal ones, more extreme

  • ones, some idioms. Okay?

  • So, let's move on to the... We're going to get really depressed now. I hope not, but

  • anyway, here are all the negative ones. So, "sad" is probably the one you know best,

  • the first word you learn for negative feelings. "Sad", "unhappy". So, we've got "happy" and

  • the "un" is just a negative prefix, so "unhappy". Okay?

  • And now we're going a little bit extreme again with "miserable". The noun, "misery",

  • that's the noun, the condition of being miserable, "misery". Or you can even call somebody

  • "a misery": "Oh, that woman, she is a misery." You can say that, but "misery" as the noun

  • is the state of being miserable. So, "miserable", this is getting more extreme than just "sad".

  • And "melancholy" as well is often something... "Melancholy", maybe it lasts a long time,

  • people have a state of melancholy, and it could go on for days and weeks. It's not a

  • very pleasant condition. If you have melancholy, I think you need to go to the doctor or have

  • some counselling, or something, because it's not a good state to be in. Melancholy, depression

  • go together. So, okay, there's another one. If we say:

  • "depressed", that's the kind of word you would use if you go to the doctor and said:

  • "I feel really depressed." Okay?

  • A useful word, there.

  • Okay, and where we had: "in a good mood", we also have "in a bad mood". And that's not

  • so much to do with being sad. And if you're in a bad mood, you're a bit annoyed or angry

  • about something, really, a bit irritated. Okay, so, "good mood", "bad mood".

  • Here's another nice idiom: "down in the dumps".

  • Okay? So where we had up "over the moon" right

  • up there in the space, "down in the dumps". I don't know what the dumps are, but it's

  • a long way down, somewhere not very nice. It's probably dark and horrible,

  • so "down in the dumps". And because it has "d", "d", it's a bit poetic, it's a little bit like

  • poetry where you sometimes get the same letter-"d", "d"-repeated like a pattern.

  • So, "down in the dumps", it's a little... Slightly jokey kind of way:

  • "Oh, I'm really down in the dumps today. Oh."

  • And your friend might say: "Oh, never mind, you'll feel better tomorrow."

  • And it's sort of light, light-hearted. Okay, "down in the dumps".

  • Now, we had "on cloud nine" for the positive, and for the negative, we've got "under a cloud",

  • so it's like you have a cloud over your head, and it's probably a grey cloud or

  • a black cloud, and rain might be coming down from it. So, you're looking very under a cloud.

  • You can just imagine it up there over your head. Okay? And then the opposite of

  • "a happy bunny", you'll be surprised to hear is "not a happy bunny".

  • You won't be surprised to hear.

  • You can just say: "Oh, I'm not a happy bunny today."

  • Oh. And your friends will all be sympathetic, and say:

  • "Oh, never mind." So, there we are. So, again, different types

  • of words for negative feelings with different extremes.

  • So, I hope that's all been useful and helped you to increase your vocabulary,

  • and use words in different situations.

  • So, if you'd like to go to the website, www.engvid.com,

  • there's a quiz there to test you on these,

  • which I hope you'll go and do straight away.

  • And maybe subscribe to my YouTube channel,

  • and I hope to see you again soon. Okay?

  • Bye for now.

Hi. I'm Gill from www.engvid.com,

Subtitles and vocabulary

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A2 UK happy bunny mood cloud good mood delighted

Improve Your Vocabulary: 23 words for talking about feeling good or bad

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    Flora Hu posted on 2016/07/11
Video vocabulary