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  • Hi. Welcome back to I'm Adam.

  • Today's lesson is about phrasal verbs, using

  • the verb "carry". And again, phrasal... Phrasal verbs are verbs plus a preposition that, together,

  • means something else than the two words themselves. Now, I know you've seen many of these phrasal

  • verb lessons. Don't worry, I think we're almost done, because I've gone through most of them.

  • "Carry", usually you carry... You carry a basket, you carry a child, you move something

  • in your arms. You carry it. Right?

  • So, most of those have to do with that idea of carrying something.

  • The most common of these is "carry on". Okay? What does it mean to "carry on"? A few meanings.

  • One is to continue. So, my staff is having a meeting,

  • and I say: "Oh, sorry to interrupt everyone, but I need to make an announcement."

  • I make an announcement. "Everybody understands. Yes? Okay, carry on, continue."

  • Okay? It could also mean to continue something that's been

  • going on for a long time. So, for example, Jimmy wants to carry on his father's tradition

  • of having a barbeque every Sunday with the whole family, so to keep something going,

  • like a tradition, a custom, etc.

  • "Carry on with" is a little bit different. Actually, it's quite different.

  • When you "carry on with someone", it usually mean you were flirting. Now, I'm not sure if you know this

  • word, "to flirt". "To flirt" means to, like, have some fun with somebody of the opposite

  • sex, or it could mean to have an actual affair, to have an affair with someone, to carry on

  • with someone. Now, there's quite a few differences between British English and American English.

  • In British English, "carry on" can also mean to talk, and talk, and talk, and talk, usually

  • complaining about something. "Oh, stop carrying on about that. We don't care anymore." In

  • American English, it would just be go on. "Stop. Oh, you're going on and on about this.

  • Just forget it. Let it go. Move on. Continue." Okay? So, British/American, slightly different.

  • "Carry over". "Carry over", it could mean carry something from here over to here, physically,

  • but it could also mean to move something to another time, another place. For example,

  • the meeting we had, we had too many things to speak about, we didn't finish everything

  • on time, so we will carry it over to tomorrow. Tomorrow we will start again, and finish what

  • we need to do. So, "carry over", move to a different time, place, position.

  • "Carry back". Sometimes, you know, I'm driving in my car and I turn on the radio, and I hear

  • this song, and it just carries me back to when I was a teenager in high school, and

  • when I was just having fun. So, "carry back" means sort of like remind, but more in terms

  • of nostalgia.

  • Nostalgia. It just takes you back, carries you back to another time and

  • place, a different mindset, etc.

  • "Carry around". So, I can... If I have a baby, I could put on my little pouch thing on my

  • back, put my baby on the back, and carry it around as I go for a little walk. So, you

  • can, again, physically carry something around, but you can also carry around baggage, emotional

  • baggage. So, for example, if you feel very, very guilty about something you did or something

  • that happened, you can carry that guilt around with you for your whole life. It's like a

  • weight on your shoulders, and you're carrying it around, even though it's just inside your

  • head. Okay? So, that person is carrying around too much baggage, emotional baggage.

  • "Carry off" means to complete something successfully. So, I had a big presentation at work, and

  • after... After the presentation, my boss comes up to me, he goes: "You carried that off great.

  • Good job." Right? I did it, I finished it, successful, everybody was happy. "Carry off"

  • also means to take away. Okay? I picked her up and carried her off into the sunset, my

  • darling, whoever she might be.

  • "Out", "carry out" basically means to do, or more correctly is to perform. You carry

  • out a task. Okay? You do something. If the boss asks you to do something and he wants

  • you to carry... Carry it out as soon as possible. Okay? In British English, "carry out" is the

  • same as American "take out". So you go to a restaurant, you order your food,

  • and carry out; to go.

  • "Carry forward" is similar to "carry over", except we're not moving a meeting or something

  • like that to another time and place; we're taking something to a future time, and we're

  • using it in a different scenario. So, for example, if you're doing your taxes at the

  • end of the year, and certain parts of your tax return you don't want to include in this

  • year's accounts, so you carry it forward; you move it to the following year. Okay? And

  • you do it in the next tax year. So, you can carry the numbers... Usually, when we talk

  • about calculations, we could use this expression. Move it to another time in the future, and

  • use it in that context.

  • Now, here, we have "carried away". Now, I put it separately because you'll notice that

  • "carried away", it's actually not a verb, here. We're using this more like an adjective

  • with a preposition. It's still technically a verb. "He was carried away." It's more like

  • a passive, but again, we're using it like an adjective. So, "to be carried away" means

  • to lose self-control or even to exaggerate. So, I was telling my friends about my trip

  • to the islands. I went to islands, I did a little swimming, a little sun tanning, and

  • I start telling the story, and I get all excited. Sorry. And I tell them all this story, and

  • I'm going on and on about this and that, and... You see how fast I'm talking now? Because

  • I'm so excited, I don't know what to do. I'm getting carried away. I'm letting my emotions

  • control my speech, so I lose control of my emotions, I get too excited, and I speak too

  • fast, speak too much, people get a little bit annoyed. If you get carried away, you're

  • exaggerating. It means you're making something small, you're actually making it very big,

  • more than it ought to be.

  • Okay, so I hope these are pretty clear right now. If you want to test your knowledge of them,

  • go to; there's a quiz there, you can do that. You can also ask me questions in the forum.

  • Of course, don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel, and see you again soon.

  • Bye.

Hi. Welcome back to I'm Adam.

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A2 US carried phrasal baggage british english carrying british

Phrasal Verbs with CARRY: "carry out", "carry away", "carry on"...

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    Flora Hu posted on 2016/06/11
Video vocabulary