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  • Great to have you back watching CNN Student news. I'm Carl Azuz. We're starting with international tensions

  • surrounding the Black Sea. This body of water is bordered by Ukraine, Russia, Georgia, Romania,

  • Bulgaria and Turkey. Those last three countries are members of NATO, and the head of

  • the North Atlantic Treaty Organization says stability around the Black Sea is important to the security

  • of the whole region. NATO is concerned about several challenges. One, Russia's involvement

  • in the war in Ukraine. Two, terrorism like ISIS is bringing to countries South of the Black Sea. And three,

  • the massive influx of migrants and refugees to countries in the region. NATO was created in 1949 to balance out

  • Soviet dominance of Eastern Europe. The US is a NATO member, and America's working to support NATO

  • countries by sending fighters to the Black Sea region.

  • These airforce pilots are preparing for a unique mission. They will be accompanying two US fighter jets to

  • Romania, a NATO ally on the Black Sea. It will be the first time America's fearsome F- 22 Raptor has landed

  • there. An opportunity for the US to show it is bolstering NATO defenses on Russia's doorstep.

  • Flying one of the two is squadron commander lieutenant colonel Daniel Wkowsky.

  • He explained what makes the F- 22 special.

  • A combination of stealth, super- cruise, increased situational awareness that the aircraft provides us,

  • which all that adds up to a unique asymmetric advantage on the battlefield.

  • So basically you're saying this is the best fighter jet in the world.

  • The aircraft is truly incredible, and it is indeed the best fighter jet in the world.

  • The technology is so advanced that Congress has banned their sale overseas. On route to Romania,

  • the jets must regularly be refueled. A delicate balancing act we got to see close up.

  • A nasal called a boom is lowered from the tanker,

  • the jet then moves into place directly below it and the gas starts pumping.

  • Officially this is a training exercise to US fighter jets from a fixed base to a forward operating base,

  • but it's the symbolism that is important here.

  • This is intended as a show of force to an increasingly assertive Russia.

  • If you're getting ready to fly somewhere, officials at Atlanta Hearts Field the worlds busiest airport say

  • you should probably get there as many as three hours earlier. At Chicago O'Hare workers from

  • one airline brought out cots for people to sleep on, because hundreds recently missed their flights

  • after getting stuck in TSA security lines. Airport and airline officials have been warning this could happen.

  • Security bottlenecks. The problem: the transportation security administration doesn't have enough screeners

  • to check travelers. It says it's limited in what it can do by US government funding, but it's trying to make changes.

  • Well, TSA heard the call from passengers, airlines, and airports. They must do better. This summer,

  • air travel is expected to rise to the highest level ever, with 222 million people expected to fly.

  • Now, we're not even at that peak travel season yet, and for months flyers have been dealing with

  • long security lines and missed flights because of it.

  • We were just in security for almost two hours, and ran to our gate, and it was three minutes shy of

  • the door closing. So we got a hotel and are back and hopefully I make this one.

  • I got here about 2. 5 hours early and it still wasn't enough time.

  • And I had to go back to my friend's place and try it again this morning.

  • TSA immediately increased overtime for its officers last week.

  • And they are speeding up the hiring process for 768 officers to get them on the job by June 15th,

  • but the union representing TSA officers say that won't be enough. 6, 000 new hires are needed.

  • They're also deploying bomb sniffing dogs as a part of a way to cut the wait times.

  • And now things will not get better overnight, but the goal is to start getting passengers through

  • those security checkpoints faster at least by June. In the meantime, some airports like San Diego International

  • have hired entertainment to de- stress passengers while they wait, including stilt walkers, jugglers and clowns.

  • I guess they figure if you're going to be waiting in line for an hour or more, why not be entertained? Back to you.

  • Of course you don't have worry about security checks if you're a mosquito but you should

  • probably worry about Fort Myers, Florida. A group of entomologists and biologists is there

  • to study what mosquitos do. And an arsenal of 26 trucks, 11 helicopters and 4 airplanes is there

  • to kill them. Warmer summer temperatures bring more mosquitos. Some mosquitos carry Zika,

  • a virus that can cause birth defects in the unborn children of pregnant women. So communities like Fort Meyers

  • are aiming to keep mosquito populations down. But not all cities have the budgets to fight on that scale,

  • so the approach is different from place to place, and the effectiveness of pesticides is too.

  • They are very much alive.

  • The weather is about to warm up. The mosquitoes are gonna be swarming.

  • How do we know what to spray them with?

  • At the moment we don't have a good way of knowing what the resistance profile is in the continental US.

  • In one state, you can have different pockets of resistance in different places.

  • Absolutely, that's a big challenge.

  • All right, how good is your geography? Think about the capitol of Slovenia and see

  • if you got it right for our third school today. We'll start in the US state of Michigan. Hello to the Cardinals.

  • Legg middle school, in the city of Coldwater, kicks off our roll call. In the Southeast, we've got the Panthers

  • watching today, from Lanett, Alabama. Welcome to Lanett junior high school.

  • In the capital of Slovenia, is Ljubljana,

  • and that's where the British international school of Ljubljana is watching. Great to see you. It's not hard to

  • find well documented tips on how to fall asleep faster. Turn off your electronics. Cool down your room.

  • Try a warm bath of shower before bed. For many people, it's waking up that's the hard part. Especially

  • if your alarm clock, or more likely your phone, interrupts your sleep cycle. Still, with or without a snooze button,

  • the infamous alarm is something millions have been living with for 140 years.

  • Steam engines, factories, and spinning jennies get most of the attention. But, there was actually something

  • much more mundane that helped shift the world's economy from agrarian towards industrial.

  • And, if you're like 68 % of Americans, it's probably the first thing you interact with in the morning.

  • I'm talking about the alarm clock. For thousands of years, people took their temporal cues from the sun.

  • Sure, it might have made scheduling a meeting a little bit difficult, but then again, there weren't

  • many meetings back then. People tended to fend for themselves and their immediate community.

  • But then, the industrial revolution changed everything. Workers had to be punctual. Time became money,

  • so to speak. So we became slaves of the ticking clock. None of this sunrise sunset scheduling

  • that worked for the predictable rhythms of farm life.

  • Plus, there weren't any roosters to wake you. So how did the workforce adjust to the new world order?

  • At first, factories installed whistles or bells that sounded throughout the area to alert its employees

  • that the work day was set to begin. Some companies even hired knocker- uppers to bang on windows

  • and rouse their employees at their homes. Then, in 1876, an American company received the first patent

  • for a mechanical alarm. Even though the concept in the crude models dated back to Plato,

  • these were the first mass produced alarm clocks, and they paved the way for a huge improvement

  • in personal and business efficiency. And they're also why I'm so groggy all the time.

  • New Hampshire's Mount Washington has observed record wind gusts in its day, so this isn't really unusual,

  • but it is fun to look at. A pair of weather researchers recently brave gust of 109 miles per hour and

  • a wind chill of 20 degrees below 0 to show us how wind is stronger than people. Getting blown over.

  • Literally sitting into the wind. All part of the fun. The guy on your screen described playing like this as exhausting,

  • so you could say he got winded. But if you've got wind of a wind with its wind up that could take

  • your breath away, wouldn't you want to play windefinitely? You'd be winding all day.

  • I'm Carl Jesus with your ten minute window of current events wishing you a winderful day.

Great to have you back watching CNN Student news. I'm Carl Azuz. We're starting with international tensions

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