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  • Hello and welcome to Friday's Are Awesome. Happens every Friday here. I'm Carl Azuz and we're taking you

  • around the world for today's current events. First up, Cambodia, Laos, Singapore, Thailand.

  • These are some of the countries in southeast Asia that are suffering under a heat wave and a dangerous drought.

  • Temperatures are rising over 112 degrees Farenheit in some places. That's setting records.

  • In Malaysia, schools are closing and animals are dying. Wells and lakes are drying up.

  • Vegetables are withering. Same story for crops in Vietnam with the Mekong River at record low levels.

  • And the Indian government says 330 million people, more than the entire population of the US,

  • have been affected by drought. So what's causing all of this? Scientists say the blame rests with El Nino.

  • We've talked about this natural climate cycle a lot since last year when it started disrupting normal

  • US weather patterns. This El Nino is tied for the strongest one on record. And even as it weakens

  • and approaches its end, it's still affecting weather worldwide.

  • We've heard so much talk about El Nino, but what is it? In fact it's a weather phenomenon

  • that happens between the Pacific Ocean and the atmosphere.

  • It can have an influence on the temperature and the weather all over the world. In the springtime,

  • the tradewinds start to relax. And in a normal year, they come back during the Asia monsoon,

  • in the summer. During an El Nino year, they don't. In fact, some years, the trade winds can even reverse,

  • that has a huge impact on the Pacific Ocean. During a normal year, warm water is pooled,

  • on the west side of the ocean. Cooler water on the east side. That results in cooler waters off

  • the coast of California, and warmer waters in the Western Pacific. During an El Ni o year,

  • that thermocline tilt goes away, and so warm water is spilt all the way to the east side of the Pacific.

  • That increases convection. It also brings thunderstorms to the coast of California and droughts

  • to the western side of the Pacific. We all know that El Ni o will impact the world. The only question is,

  • how will it affect you?

  • Yesterday a group of nine climbers reached the summit of Mount Everest. More than 4, 000 people

  • have done that in history, but this is the first time in over two years that anyone has made it to the top.

  • Why? Because in 2014 and 2015 deadly avalanches, one of them the result of an earthquake in Nepal,

  • brought a tragic end to the climbing season. The weather on Everest is generally unpredictable,

  • but so far this year it's reportedly been pretty good. Still, climbing the mountain is incredibly dangerous,

  • exhausting and expensive. It can cost anywhere from $ 35, 000 to $ 100, 000 once you factor in the permit,

  • the Sherpas who'll assist you, and the supplies. Yet there's no shortage of people who

  • are willing to try each year.

  • A by- the- numbers look now at the tallest mountain on the planet. Everest rises more than

  • 29, 000 feet into the sky. To put that into perspective, imagine stacking 20 Empire State Buildings

  • on top of each other. The first people to summit the mountain, Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary,

  • who reached the top back in 1953. The record for much climbs to the summit, Apa Sherpa,

  • who's made it 21 times. And Yuchiro Miura, at age 80, became the oldest person

  • ever to climb Everest. In another proof that just age is just a number, Jordan Romero at age 13,

  • is the youngest person to reach the summit. But the danger remains. More than 225 people

  • have lost their lives trying to climb the mountain.

  • Not too far from the Japanese capital of Tokyo is where we're starting today's call of the roll.

  • First up is Camp Zama Middle School.

  • Thank you for making us part of your Friday in Camp Zama Japan. Jumping across the Pacific

  • we're making a stop in La Habra California. The Heralds are watching from Whittier Christian High School.

  • And from the city of Danville, Arkansas in the school of Danville Middle welcome to the little John.

  • It's great to see you.

  • Four, three, two, one.

  • Next today there's a new project under way an undersea cable system that will connect South Africa

  • with Southern Asia the Middle East and ultimately the rest of the world. Though it'll stretch for

  • thousands of miles, it'll account for just a tiny part of the vast, intricate network of underwater

  • fiber cables that ships have been laying since the 1800's.

  • Where are you watching this video? The United States? Europe? Asia?

  • It's a cliche to say we live in an interconnected world, but, duh, we do.

  • And the global circulatory system that delivers 99 % of international data

  • from point a to points b through z and back again, is made of fiber optic cable. Unlike copper cables

  • which transmit electrical energy, fiber- optic cables transmit light. That makes them significantly faster

  • and less susceptible to interference. Fiber- optics trump satellites too. They're cheaper, they're faster,

  • and you don't get those delays. Fiber- optic cables are buried deep under water. Over 300 of them

  • connect every continent not named Antarctica. And laid end to end, the 550,000 miles of cable would

  • circle the Earth 22 times. And boy, is that good for business. E- commerce isn't bound by borders.

  • An international stock trade can be executed in a flash. You can videoconference with colleagues

  • in Florida or France or Fiji, not a problem. Take a ride on the global fiber optic network.

  • And offices wired with a fiber optic network allow for speedy data sharing, so we here at CNN

  • can send our videos from one edit suite to another really fast. And consider this, thanks to fiber optic cables,

  • innovations aren't bound by bandwidth. Remember trying to stream a video in the old days? Brutal.

  • Do you think Netflix would have even come to be with that kind of infrastructure?

  • I mean would you even be watching this video?

  • A mom in New York recently surprised her daughter at college by sneaking into a dorm room

  • and snapping a selfie. Looks great, there's just a little problem, the mom says look where I am,

  • where are you? The daughter says where's that? I'm in my dorm. Then she writes, please tell me

  • you're not in someone else's dorm. And the mom promptly thought, uh- oh. We'd say

  • this happens all the time, but it probably doesn't. Hey, at least the picture went viral.

  • Will this shut the dorm on future visits? It was a mom's mistake. Everyone who's lived on campus

  • would say there's roomie for improvement. Surprise visits always keep students guesting,

  • and at least mom hasn't lost her college. I'm Carl Azuz and I am so glad I graduated.

Hello and welcome to Friday's Are Awesome. Happens every Friday here. I'm Carl Azuz and we're taking you

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May 13, 2016 - CNN Student News with

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