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  • CNN Student News starts right now. I'm Carl Azuz, the US Geological Survey says Mount St. Helens

  • is still very much alive. The volcano sits in the Cascade mountains in South Western Washington state.

  • It was dormant from the 1950s until 1980, when a massive eruption there blew a 1, 000 feet off

  • the top of the mountain and killed dozens of people and thousands of animals. Since then,

  • it's had smaller explosions and quakes on and off every few years. Now, scientists say it's recharging.

  • How do they know? Mount St. Helens has had an earthquake swarm,

  • a spike the number of small tremors over the past eight weeks.

  • Seismologists have recorded more than 130 quakes recently.

  • And that's gotten their attention centered on one of the most closely monitored volcanoes on the planet.

  • These have been incredibly small quakes. However,

  • it's the frequency of them that has scientists kind of keeping a close eye on this.

  • So this is the area over the past seven days. These blue squares that you see,

  • those are the monitoring sites that they have out there. And then all of these dots,

  • these are all of the earthquakes that have occurred in this region in the last seven days. Now again,

  • I want to point out, None of these have been huge, in fact, most of them have been

  • at a magnitude of 0. 5 of less. You and I can't even detect that, their so small.

  • Now, the maximum was around 1. 3, again, very hard for humans to detect something of that small magnitude.

  • Now they all were very shallow, between about 1. 2 to 4 miles in depth. Now, basically what this means is,

  • when you get these swarms, it's the re- pressurization of the magma that's in there.

  • And it kind of sifts through some of the cracks that are there, and that's what causes

  • a lot of these little mini earthquakes.

  • But you wanna keep in mind, this process can continue for years without interruption.

  • And that's what the experts are trying to make sure that people understand.

  • They're not tossing any anomalous gasses come out and they're not expecting an imminent eruption,

  • by any means.

  • The US state of North Carolina and the US federal government are suing each other.

  • It has to do with a North Carolina law concerning access to public restrooms.

  • Here's what happened. In March, North Carolina passed what's called

  • the Public Facilities Privacy and Security Act. One thing the law does is

  • require people to use the restroom that matches the gender listed on their birth certificates.

  • The US Justice Department argues the state law breaks a federal law,

  • because it discriminates against people who are transgender, people

  • who identify with a different gender than the one on their birth certificates. So last week, the government

  • told North Carolina to, quote, remedy its law by Monday or that it would be in violation

  • of people's civil rights and could face a government lawsuit.

  • North Carolina argues its bathroom law applies equally to everyone,

  • because it doesn't take into account gender identity, or transgender status, just birth certificate.

  • The state says the government gave too short a deadline for it to change its law,

  • and that the Justice Department is overstepping its authority by trying to change

  • norms in the US. So, North Carolina announced yesterday it would sue the federal government.

  • The government then said it would sue North Carolina. A federal court will decide what happens next.

  • Public bathrooms might seem so simple, one for men, one for women, and everyone gets to go.

  • But in the United States there's actually a long and complicated history of people fighting

  • for the right to pee in private and in peace. It started with cholera outbreaks in the 1800s.

  • That's when London and then the rest of the world realized that doing your thing on

  • the street shouldn't, you know, be a thing. The public bathroom followed and so did the ongoing

  • fight over who gets to use it and exactly what it should look like. Women were an early focus.

  • Back in the late 1800s, lots of people were uncomfortable with the idea of women being in public at all,

  • much less using restrooms alongside men. So state regulations of factories created restrooms

  • specifically to keep men and women apart. Next was race.

  • The infamous Jim Crow laws after the Civil War created separate restrooms for white and colored people.

  • These laws started to be overturned with the Supreme Court decision in 1954,

  • yet segregation continued. In the 1980s, the HIV / AIDS epidemic caused an outcry over gay men using

  • public toilets, since the public wrongly assumed the disease could be caught

  • by using a toilet after an HIV positive person. And for Americans with physical disabilities,

  • bathrooms big enough for wheelchairs weren't mandated by federal law until 1990.

  • Now the debate is about transgender rights. Maybe that debate seems new, but look at the history

  • and you'll see that toilets have a long and curiously important place in American politics.

  • Hear that? The roll is calling.

  • Let's answer and find out who's here. On yesterday's transcript page at cnnstudentnews. com

  • we heard from the Leopards in Washington, D. C ., shout out to everyone watching at

  • Lasalle- Backus Education Campus. Traveling down the East Coast, we come to Winter Springs,

  • Florida and the home of the Trailblazers at Indian Trails Middle School, and in the Kingdom of Bahrain,

  • hello to our viewers at the Bahrain School. It's located in the community of Juffair.

  • In Austria, Brazil, and Nicaragua it's at the age of 16 years. In Sudan and Indonesia, it's 17 years.

  • In Russia, Australia, Honduras, and the US, it's 18 years, and in Japan, it's 20.

  • We're talking about the legal age to vote. CNN recently spoke to a group of American teenagers

  • who won't be able to vote this November but still have and are willing to share their views.

  • I'm too young to vote.

  • I'm to young to vote.

  • I may be too young to vote.

  • I may be too young to vote.

  • But I'm not to young to care about the nation the nation's security and the way our veteran's are treated.

  • I'm not too young to realize that in order to thrive as a nation we have to

  • rise above discrimination and prejudice.

  • I'm not too young to listen and decide what's best for my future as an American.

  • I'm not too young to want a moderate president who will get bipartisan support and unite a divided country.

  • You want that? Really, is that even possible? Is that possible?

  • Honestly, sometimes it doesn't seem like it.

  • Thomas, what did you write? Too young to vote, but not too young to?

  • To realize that our country is sinking and we desperately need a leader who is willing and able to bring the flow.

  • I may be too young to vote, but I'm not too young to know that the election is more about

  • pushing party agendas then being flexible to benefit the nation.

  • I may be too young to vote, but I'm not too young to worry about my future as a woman and

  • as a student applying to college.

  • My uncle Craig, he passed away cuz of 9 / 11. He was working in the World Trade Center.

  • And I just think we need to focus more on our nation's security because that shouldn't have happened.

  • What are your biggest concerns right now?

  • Just the prejudice going around and all the hate. Make America the land of the free again.

  • What I wanna see from the president, the next president, probably would be a sign of leadership.

  • In every aspect of his life he shows leadership, and really set an example for the rest of

  • the country to follow him as our president, the top guy.

  • Or gal.

  • Yeah, or gal. We don't know.

  • We're the people who are gonna be running the country soon, so you're gonna have to start listening to us.

  • The first time we told you about Erik Weihenmayer, he'd just accomplished what he called

  • the scariest thing he'd ever done. He kayaked the rapids of the Colorado River. Weihenmayer is blind.

  • He had a guide, but that person was in a separate kayak behind him. Because Weiherimayer life

  • has been a story of taking a barriers head on, he's now helping others do the same thing.

  • Erik Weiherimayer has scaled the seven summits and braved the violent Colorado River rapids in the dark.

  • At four years old he was diagnosed with the rare eye disease called Juvenile Retinoschisis.

  • By high school, Erik was completely blind.

  • I wanted to be with my friends and going on dates, and I was afraid that I wasn't gonna

  • be able to participate in life.

  • But he did, joining the wrestling team and learning how to rock climb.

  • You're just feeling your way up the rock face.

  • He became an accomplished mountaineer and set his sights on Everest.

  • Himalayan experts said, you cannot stop if you fall. You can't think at high altitude.

  • It wouldn't be a good place for a blind person.

  • Erik disagreed, and in 2001, became the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

  • So, we're on the top. This is Erik and Luis ... I can't believe it!

  • Seeking out new adventures, Eric trained for six years to kayak 277 miles

  • of the Colorado River through the Grand Canyon.

  • I'm not just doing these things so that I can prove that blind people can do this or that,

  • that's kind of shallow. You do it because that's living fully.

  • The now 47- year- old is using that mantra to

  • help others facing challenges through his non- profit, No Barriers.

  • I think in our lives, all of us, in a way, are climbing blind.

  • Dr Sanjay Gupta, CNN, reporter.

  • It's not quite the running of the bulls. Afterall, who'd be afraid if one of these was nipping at your heels.

  • Yes they're dogs, they're Chihuahuas, the smallest breed of dog. And they're participating

  • at the 9th annual Running of the Chihuahuas in Chattanooga, Tennessee,

  • well some of them are anyway. It all started as a radio stunt and the event has grown, unlike the dogs,

  • to include 100 scrappy puppies. Even though some seemed chihua- without motivation,

  • others weren't chihua- waiting around for a chance to chi- wow- a the audience,

  • chihua- ering onlookers with sheer yappiness, at their a- dog- rable chihuahua antics.

  • I'm Carl Azuz for CNN Student News.

CNN Student News starts right now. I'm Carl Azuz, the US Geological Survey says Mount St. Helens

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