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  • Will the president of Brazil be impeached?

  • That question and the story surrounding it are first up today on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff is the first female leader of the federal republic.

  • She was elected in 2010 and reelected in 2014.

  • Brazil's lower house of Congress voted on Sunday to impeach her.

  • And if the Senate also approves that,

  • President Rousseff would be suspended and would have to defend herself in a trial.

  • This is all happening as Brazil prepares to host the Olympics this August.

  • President Rousseff is a polarizing figure in Brazil.

  • Critics blamed her for the nation's worst recession in decades.

  • A huge corruption scandal involving Brazil's government-run oil company

  • has led to the resignations of numerous politicians,

  • including dozens in the president's political party, the worker's party.

  • But Rousseff herself has not been accused of corruption,

  • and she says she hasn't committed any impeachable crimes.

  • She and her supporters promised to fight the proceedings.

  • On South America's west coast, as the country of Ecuador

  • picks up the pieces from Saturday evening's earthquake,

  • President Rafael Correa says rebuilding will cost billions.

  • Help is pouring from all over the region, as well as the European and the United Nations.

  • Communications are out in many parts of Ecuador.

  • Survivors need water.

  • It's hard to get that to them because the highways are in such bad shape.

  • That's also a problem for rescue efforts.

  • The death toll right now is sitting in more than 270 people,

  • with 2,500 others hurt in the aftermath of this 7.8 magnitude earthquake,

  • a devastating earthquake for Ecuador.

  • Those numbers are expected to continue rising

  • as officials got a closer look at the extent of the damage.

  • Part of the problem is with the infrastructure in Ecuador.

  • Some of the hardest hit areas right now are essentially inaccessible.

  • After weeks of pounding rain brought about by El Nino,

  • this earthquake essentially decimated what was left of the roads here.

  • Perfect example is right behind me in the city of Guayaquil,

  • this bridge came down during a very busy hour.

  • This is one of the busiest bridges in the city that came down on top of a car,

  • killing one person and injuring another.

  • About 10,000 soldiers and 4,000 police officers are on the ground right now,

  • sifting through rubbles, trying to find survivors.

  • The U.S. Supreme Court is now hearing arguments in a case

  • related to President Obama's controversial executive action on immigration.

  • The president denounced the action in 2014.

  • It allows millions of people who are in the U.S.

  • illegally to stay without the threat of being deported.

  • They could apply for work programs and other benefits,

  • as long as they paid taxes.

  • Twenty-six states sued the government over this.

  • The Obama administration says its action is legal,

  • and like those of previous presidents on immigration.

  • But no executive action has ever impacted this many people before.

  • And executive actions don't go through Congress.

  • Critics say this one in particular should.

  • Another aspect to this -- the Supreme Court is divided.

  • Four of the justices were appointed by Republican presidents, four by Democratic presidents.

  • Conservative Justice Antonin Scalia died suddenly in February

  • and his potential replacements have been held up in Congress.

  • So, if the high court rules 4-4 on this issue, the ruling of the lower court stands,

  • and that court blocked the president's action on immigration.

  • This isn't the only debate happening right now on this issue.

  • H-1B sounds like an airplane, or an exotic disease.

  • They're actually visas and these visas are one of the most controversial parts of the immigration debate.

  • Huge tech giants like Facebook and Google call them essential to their business,

  • but critics say companies are exploiting them at the expense of the American worker.

  • So, what exactly are the H-1B visas?

  • Congress created them in 1992 to bring in highly educated

  • and specialized foreign workers into the country.

  • This bill provides for vital increases for entry on the basis of skills,

  • infusing the ranks of our scientists and engineers.

  • They're supposed to fill shortages --

  • think computer programmers, engineers, doctors.

  • Around 85,000 are allotted a year and they last up to six years, plus a possible extension.

  • To get one, you have to be educated.

  • Ninety-nine percent of H-1B workers have at least a bachelor's degree

  • and over a half have advanced degrees.

  • So, why are H-1Bs controversial?

  • Well, critics claim the companies aren't using them to fill shortages.

  • They say the companies are actually bringing in foreign workers

  • so they can pay them less than American workers,

  • and it wasn't mean to work this way.

  • To protect American workers from exactly what critics are accusing the companies of doing now,

  • the law was set up to require a, quote-unquote, "prevailing wage".

  • That's a number calculated for each job by the Department of Labor.

  • But critics say that that number, it's rife for loopholes and abuse.

  • Another problem for, quote-unquote, "specialized hard to fill jobs" sometimes aren't.

  • Around 50 percent of H-1Bs are going to computer programmers,

  • but they've also been used for sports coaches, ranch workers, preschool teachers.

  • And it's not just American workers who can be hurt by their misuse.

  • Employers hold incredible leverage over H-1B visa holders.

  • Some have described the workers as indentured servants

  • because an H-1B worker needs to have a job to stay in the country.

  • Complain about working conditions?

  • You could lose your jobs and be forced to leave the country.

  • So, here we are, tech companies want more H-1Bs, critics want reform.

  • Will Silicon Valley get its way?

  • The U.S. military is sending an additional 217 troops to Iraq.

  • Defense Secretary Ash Carter made the announcement yesterday,

  • during a surprised visit to the Middle Eastern country.

  • The Americans' mission, to help and train Iraqi troops

  • as they try to retake the city of Mosul from the ISIS terrorist group.

  • The Iraqi army fled Mosul in 2014, allowing ISIS to take over.

  • The U.S. forces will also be providing attack helicopters and protecting Iraqis in the fight,

  • which means the Americans will be closer to the battle and at greater risks.

  • In 2011, the Obama administration announced the end of the U.S.-led war in Iraq

  • and eventually moved out the remaining American combat troops.

  • But after ISIS claimed large parts of land in Iraq and Syria,

  • the U.S. has gradually moved military forces back in.

  • The new troops will bring America's total in Iraq to more than 4,000.

  • Here we go, from Monday's transcript page at CNNStudentNews.com,

  • please welcome the Panthers.

  • Great to see you, everyone, at Washington Park High School.

  • It's in Racine, Wisconsin.

  • Next up, Middletown, Delaware.

  • That's where you'll see the Hawks of St. Georges' Technical High School.

  • And in North Atlantic Ocean, thank you for watching from the Bahamas.

  • Lucaya International School rounds out our roll.

  • Buying what we don't need.

  • A creditcard.com survey found that 75 percent of Americans

  • had made an impulse purchase in 2014.

  • A Nielsen survey found that 52 percent of people in Thailand had done this,

  • 48 percent in India.

  • And retailers everywhere have certain tools they use to get people to buy.

  • The goal is to look at a shopper and find out

  • what they emotionally crave in a shopping experience and give that to the shopper.

  • How do retailers do that?

  • By studying you in the store to see what you like and what you want.

  • One way to measure how a shopper is feeling is to watch people anonymously.

  • From cameras that are based on different areas of the store

  • that literally look at somebody's face

  • and see what kind of facial micro expression they're showing

  • to find out what emotional they're feeling in whatever given time.

  • Another way is to track volunteer shoppers wearing monitoring devices.

  • They showed me how this is done in their lab.

  • A wrist monitor captures my heart rate, blood pressure

  • and skin temperature to measure my emotional reactions.

  • Special glasses show exactly what I'm looking at,

  • to pinpoint what draws my attention.

  • Then, I'm off to shop in simulated stores.

  • First, for eyeglasses.

  • This is what we call visual merchandising.

  • These visual storytelling cues pull you in,

  • get you a little bit more engaged in the story of the brand.

  • Like I want to be like that guy or I want to be with that guy so these are the glasses I need.

  • Right. Exactly.

  • Next, to grab a cup of coffee.

  • If I'm at coffee shop and somebody's at the checkout,

  • it's best to enhance the emotional experience

  • by having social proof that others have bought here,

  • that others are into the things I'm into

  • and it helps enhanced the rewarding experience I have at retail.

  • And then a mobile device store.

  • The brain really reacts well to people, and people using the products,

  • creating story and enveloping the customer in a story

  • rather than just trying to sell them a product,

  • you want to get them involve in somebody's life and again, aspirational type market.

  • So they can see themselves there.

  • Exactly. They're projecting themselves in that environment.

  • Cattle, horses, elephants, rhinoceros, rhinos, they're all known to stampede.

  • What you might not know is that dolphins do this, too.

  • A pod of common dolphins was swimming near Monterrey, California,

  • when some killer whales attacked.

  • So, the dolphins' porpoise, they repeatedly left out of the water to escape faster.

  • And a cameraman just happened to be filming when it all happened.

  • Maybe they didn't want to be roped in or corralled into a new video,

  • but when they stamp-fled, they did it on purpose,

  • so that won't be the lasso time it happens.

  • I'm Carl Azuz and we'll be rounding up more stories for you on Wednesday.

Will the president of Brazil be impeached?

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