Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • Hello, My dear high school students.

  • This course is to help you to conquer the most frequent

  • 8000 English words in the top 20 University entrance exams in Japan.

  • But first of all, you should learn 4 letter changing rules.

  • With these 4 rules, you may use basic 1000 words

  • to memorize the advanced 8000 words.

  • Rule 1 : a, e, i, o, u, y

  • so called the vowels,

  • like a, i, u, e, o in Japanese.

  • aeiouy are interchangeable to make similar words in a word family.

  • Almost all the irregular forms of a verb go in this way.

  • For example, sing, sang, sung.

  • sink, sank, sunk.

  • swim, swam, swum.

  • As you can see, from the verb root to past tense and past participle,

  • i- changes to a-, and to u-.

  • Okay, a difficult one, simultaneously.

  • This word appeared in the Osaka University entrance exam, 2013.

  • If two things happen at the same time,

  • we'll say they happen simultaneously.

  • Simultaneously means same time.

  • same time

  • Same becomes simu-.

  • a- e- in same is i- u- in simu-.

  • AEIOU, they are interchangeable.

  • The l- in the middle is useless.

  • You may ignore it.

  • And tane- is time.

  • i- in time is a- in tane-.

  • AEIOU, they are interchangeable.

  • And n- and m- used to be the same thing in the ancient times.

  • -ous is only a word end for adjective,

  • which means much or a lot.

  • Rule no. 2

  • g-k-c-, so called throat sounds, come from the throat.

  • You see. Coming from your throat.

  • g-k-c- are interchangeable to make similar words in a word family.

  • For example, if someone walks like a snake,

  • without making sound or being noticed, he sneaks.

  • He sneaks.

  • As you can see, a- in snake becomes ea- in sneak.

  • AEIOU, they are interchangeable.

  • And when a person sneaks into a country with illegal goods,

  • he smuggles.

  • From sneak comes smuggle.

  • n- and m- are the same thing, as we just mentioned.

  • ea- in sneak becomes u- in smuggle.

  • AEIOU, they are interchangeable.

  • And k- in sneak becomes g- in smuggle.

  • g-k-, throat sounds, are interchangeable.

  • Now, lets take a look at some words in

  • the top 20 University entrance exams 2013.

  • The first example is in University of Tokyo entrance exam 2013.

  • Even if it has a lot of defects,

  • the web still functions mechanically virtually the same way.

  • The key word is virtually.

  • Now let's find out the way to remember 'virtually.'

  • First. Do you know the basic meaning of very?

  • Well, 'very' means truly or actually.

  • For example, I may say, 'She is very beautiful.'

  • This means she is truly beautiful.

  • So, from 'very' comes a word root, vir-/ver-,

  • As you can see, i- and e- are interchangeable here.

  • You don't have to distinguish them.

  • Which means true.

  • Therefore, virtually means truly or actually.

  • The second example is in Waseda University entrance exam 2013.

  • The sharp decline in bee queens may well have been caused by

  • the sluggish growth of the pesticide-exposed nests as a whole.

  • Sluggish is equal to slow.

  • Therefore, you should choose (c) slow.

  • Now, let's take a look at the way to remember 'sluggish.'

  • In English, w- is often interchangeable with g-.

  • For example, draw is equal to drag.

  • Have you seen it?

  • W- is equal to g-.

  • Well, another two words.

  • Tow is equal to tug.

  • W- is also equal to g- in those two words.

  • Another set.

  • Guarantee is equal to warranty.

  • Have you seen it? G- is equal to w-.

  • Therefore, slug- in sluggish means slow.

  • u- in slug- is o- in slow.

  • AEIOU, they are interchangeable.

  • And, g- in slug- is w- in slow.

  • G-W-, they are interchangeable.

  • And do't forget,-ish is a word end for adjective.

  • But you got to remember

  • such adjective is negative, is bad.

  • For example, childish means something bad about a child.

  • But childlike means something good about a child.

  • Therefore, sluggish means bad slow.

  • Not good slow.

  • The third example is in Tohoku University entrance exam 2013.

  • Well, the question is like this.

  • Moreover, for all their culture and customs,

  • they were, in many ways, parochial.

  • Well, what's the meaning of parochial?

  • 'Parochial' means having little knowledge.

  • Therefore, you should choose answer (1).

  • Well, how do we remember 'parochial'?

  • When we speak of a pair, for example,

  • a pair of glasses,

  • or a pair of scissors, to cut.

  • we know that two pieces of a pair must be near to each other.

  • Side by side.

  • So, from pair comes a root, par-, which means near.

  • As you can see, ai- in pair is a- in par-.

  • AEIOU, they are interchangeable.

  • Well, par- is 'Close to each other.'

  • Side by side.

  • Well, the first word, parish.

  • Parish is a very very small district with one small church,

  • in this district.

  • In other words, a parish is a very small area near your neighborhood,

  • in your neighborhood,

  • near your house.

  • Don't forget 'near' here.

  • Parochial is the adjective of parish,

  • meaning small-minded.

  • What a parochial person knows is

  • his very little, very small parish only,

  • instead of the whole world.

  • He only sees his neighborhood.

  • He doesn't see the whole world.

  • The fourth example is in Keio University entrance exam 2013.

  • The compelling success story, amply ____ over fifty photographs,

  • is enlivened by sketches of notable politicians of the era.

  • The correct answer is (3) illustrated with

  • Therefore, you should choose (3).

  • You should put 'illustrated with' into the blank.

  • Now, let's take a look at the way to remember 'illustrate.'

  • Have you used Lux Shampoo before?

  • It makes your hair shine with light.

  • Well, my wife likes Lux Shampoo.

  • Lux means light in Greek.

  • Lux is also a unit of lighting.

  • From lux comes a word root, lus-,

  • which means light.

  • Luster is reflected light.

  • When the sun shines on gold,

  • beautiful luster will show up on the surface of gold.

  • il- in illustrate is in-, which means inside.

  • Well, you got to know

  • when in- is followed by l-, in- should change into il-.

  • Lustr- is luster.

  • -ate is a word end for verb.

  • So, illustrate means putting something into bright light,

  • and making it look clear.

  • To explain something is to make it clear.

  • By the same token, there is an idiom, 'throw light on.'

  • Well, what's the meaning of 'throw light on.'

  • It also means 'explain' or 'illustrate.'

  • You throw light on something, and make it clear,

  • just like you explain something and make it clear.

  •  

Hello, My dear high school students.

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

B1 interchangeable parish lux entrance equal sluggish

難関大学単語8000記憶 Word Master 8000

  • 3289 209
    黃建彰 posted on 2016/04/18
Video vocabulary