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  • Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. I'm Carl Azuz from Atlanta, Georgia.

  • Yesterday, we told you about a military leader's defection from North Korea to South Korea.

  • Today, we're reporting on two men who defected, who left the ISIS terrorist organization.

  • This happened in Afghanistan.

  • It used to be ruled by an Islamic militant group called the Taliban,

  • which allowed terrorists to live and train there.

  • But the Taliban were kicked out of power

  • when international forces led by the U.S. attacked in 2001.

  • The war never completely wiped out the Taliban, though.

  • They're still operating in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

  • And the ISIS terrorists group has worked to recruit Taliban members.

  • Two men who become ISIS recruits said they were offered better weapons and not much choice.

  • But they became disillusioned with ISIS

  • and left the group at the risk of possibly being executed

  • partly because they say they found some of ISIS's tactics un-Islamic

  • and partly because they say ISIS just likes killing

  • and doesn't take cares of it its fighters' families.

  • Looking for ISIS FM. In Afghanistan's east,

  • ISIS' radio broadcast of hate was bombed off air recently by the U.S.

  • But here, it's been coming back in the past week.

  • "It was there three days ago, and it's gone again," says one man.

  • "They were talking nonsense," says another.

  • "They're asking people to pledge allegiance and march on Kabul," he adds.

  • This is one broadcast they recorded earlier.

  • ISIS is trying to put down roots here.

  • But every day, more Afghans want to tear them up.

  • And that starts here with Arabistan and Zaitoun.

  • Two months ago, we wouldn't have sat like this.

  • Then they were commanders in ISIS.

  • ISIS, they say, came from Pakistan, not Iraq,

  • and promised guns and money to their struggling group of Taliban.

  • Their agenda: black flags, killing and looting, which they did go along with at first.

  • They knew who was rich to take their money.

  • The poor, they would arm to fight for them or kill them.

  • The two men work with Afghan intelligence, who set up our interview,

  • to get other locals to join an uprising program against ISIS.

  • But they say they've lacked government protection and money

  • and that's put potential defectors off.

  • The fight is now left just to American drones, they say.

  • Drones are doing a good job killing ISIS.

  • They target them as soon as they leave their houses.

  • The government hasn't made any progress in those areas.

  • It's only the bombing that's effective.

  • You were in the Taliban, then you were in ISIS

  • and now the American drones are bombing your own village

  • but you're pleased about this because it's killing ISIS.

  • Is that a strange feeling for you?

  • It makes us happy. We want them wiped out.

  • They are killers themselves who know what they're talking about.

  • Arabistan holds up his cloak.

  • Holes from an American helicopter attack not long ago when he was Taliban.

  • ISIS has shattered ordinary lives, too.

  • Across town and in a luxury village built for rich people

  • who never came, are hundreds of families who fled ISIS.

  • Afghanistan, like many nations inflected by ISIS, basically has to battle an idea,

  • a kind of virus that appeals to minds warped after decades of war.

  • They don't see the Taliban as radical enough --

  • an idea that no matter how hard you battle or bomb it,

  • it's very difficult to completely extinguish.

  • U.S. Speaker of the House Paul Ryan said yesterday

  • that he didn't want and wouldn't accept the Republican Party's nomination for president.

  • But the speaker isn't one of the candidates who's been running for president.

  • So, why would he talk about the nomination?

  • Because of a contested or open convention.

  • It's an environment in which someone who isn't currently running, like House Speaker Ryan,

  • could possibly win the nomination.

  • An open convention could happen for Democrats and Republicans this year.

  • If no one candidate from either major party

  • wins enough delegates to clinch the nomination beforehand.

  • So, the convention would become the place where the party nominee is determined.

  • As an open convention appears more likely,

  • especially on the Republican side, we're looking at who sets the rules for it.

  • It takes 112 Republican leaders

  • from every state, territory and DC to make up the rules committee.

  • They could decide the nominee or fracture the party.

  • He who writes the rules rules as the old saying goes.

  • Why the RNC Rules Committee really matters.

  • The group will meet before the convention to literally set the rules of the game.

  • They have the power to decide

  • if people like

  • John Kasich, Paul Ryan, Mitt Romney can challenge Trump and Cruz.

  • They also set all the convention mechanics, which could be crucial.

  • The convention essentially cannot begin until new rules are approved.

  • And I think it's going to boil down to as how strong

  • Donald Trump and Ted Cruz are and how close they are.

  • The committee's power is only limited by politics.

  • But even so, there are whispers of a "nuclear option".

  • In that scenario, all delegates would be immediately unbound,

  • chaos could follow.

  • In order to win the nomination in Cleveland,

  • you have to identify 1,237 supporters that are actually in the seats in Cleveland.

  • There's a lot at stake for both the GOP and the city of Cleveland.

  • I don't think you can say that we don't get it automatically.

  • I think it would be -- I think you'd have riots. I think you'd have riots.

  • A lot of schools back from spring break this week

  • and a lot of requests on yesterday's transcript page.

  • Here are three of them: St. Clair Middle School is in St. Clair, Michigan.

  • It's where the Saints go marching in. Smiths Station High School is in Smiths Station, Alabama.

  • I think we've seen you here as well.

  • Great to have the Panthers. And from the city of Playa del Carmen,

  • in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico, welcome to our viewers at Colegio Ingles.

  • The city of San Diego California is just one part of San Diego County,

  • where 3.3 million people live.

  • About 20 percent of school age children there live in poverty.

  • Some have never seen the ocean despite living just miles from it.

  • The founder of Ocean Discovery Institute says their world can be very small.

  • So, she started a non-profit program that offers classroom activities,

  • field trips and community projects to inspire budding scientists.

  • The city is only 20 minutes from the ocean,

  • and yet it's completely disconnected in many ways.

  • It's a high poverty community, low graduation rates,

  • high crime, infrequent opportunities for science or nature access.

  • We have one microscope for you.

  • I ran an organization that empowers young people through the ocean sciences.

  • We work with about 6,000 kids a year in the City Heights community

  • from pre-K through college and beyond.

  • That one is a different species.

  • So, you actually found a whole totally different species in that.

  • So, by exposing them to ocean science, they get curious.

  • When they're on the third grade and they come on our field trip

  • and they see the ocean, they gasped,

  • because it's literally the first time many of them have ever seen the ocean.

  • They took me swimming, my first swimming lesson.

  • We went tide pooling with the scientists.

  • It felt exciting and like -- I felt like I was in paradise.

  • What's this?

  • Brain coral.

  • That's a brain coral, right.

  • We think of everything as a living laboratory.

  • It's important that students get to actually understand the environment

  • as a contexts for science, exploration and discovery.

  • These are barnacles and they attach with their heads.

  • You can study technology, engineering, mathematics, all through studying the ocean.

  • This is a career field that students from very diverse communities don't pursue

  • and our students are pursuing them at unprecedented rates.

  • Working side by side with all the amazing scientists gave me that feeling

  • that maybe I can make a difference in the world.

  • I was really inspired to study marine biology in college.

  • Hey, you guys, check this. It's cool.

  • Wow.

  • All kids need science opportunities.

  • Our students who go through these programs,

  • they succeed whatever path it is they take.

  • In an era of wing suits, drones, and hoverboards,

  • make sense someone would build something like this.

  • Jet pack, meet hoverboard, meet risk.

  • This invention by a company that makes water flyboards appears to use no water at all.

  • Opting instead for what looks like a jet turbine engine.

  • The company says it can got 10,000 feet high and more than 90 miles per hour

  • and it doesn't come with a safety net.

  • This is just a prototype.

  • It's not for sale at this point, though we got to admit, it looks pretty fly.

  • The guy who tested stands out, he certainly could star as the hero in the "airborne identity"

  • or the villain in turbinator. We should probably jet.

  • I'm Carl Azuz and that wraps up today's hoverage.

Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. I'm Carl Azuz from Atlanta, Georgia.

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April 13, 2016 - CNN Student News with subtitle

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