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  • With the week rolling forward, we're glad you're taking ten minutes for our Tuesday's show, I'm Carl Azuz.

  • First up, a high level defection from a communist nation.

  • This is when someone deserts his or her own country -- in this case North Korea --

  • to live somewhere else -- in this case, South Korea.

  • Tens of thousands of North Koreans have done this before.

  • Their lives back home are strictly controlled by the North Korean government.

  • There's widespread poverty and hunger.

  • But the defection announced yesterday could be

  • of the highest ranking North Korean military official ever to do it.

  • He was a senior intelligence officer in the communist country.

  • South Korean officials say he worked for a bureau responsible for spying on South Korea.

  • Officials believe he could give a lot of valuable information

  • on the secretive regime of North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un.

  • His move to the South came a week

  • after 13 North Korean restaurant workers defected to South Korea.

  • With all this going on, North Korea has been

  • moving ahead with its controversial nuclear program.

  • This is the North Korean mid-range missile, says South Korea,

  • now capable of carrying a nuclear weapon.

  • South Korean intelligence concluding that Pyongyang's Nodong ballistic missile

  • can deliver a one-ton warhead as far as 1,200 miles,

  • putting South Korea, Japan, and U.S. military bases in Asia within reach of a nuclear strike.

  • North Korea's dictator Kim Jong-un is already celebrating,

  • posing for pictures near what North Korea claims to be the warhead.

  • U.S. intelligence has yet to reach the same conclusion,

  • but U.S. officials say they must assume that Pyongyang has at least an untested capability

  • to miniaturize and launch a nuclear weapon.

  • It is also committed to developing a long-range nuclear-armed missile

  • that's capable of posing a direct threat to the United States.

  • Some nuclear analysts share South Korea's more dire assessment.

  • I've been very skeptical about North Korea's capabilities.

  • But the evidence is mounting.

  • They probably have a nuclear warhead that can fit on a missile that could hit South Korea or Japan.

  • South Korea's assessment now shared in some U.S. intelligence circles

  • follows a series of successful tests by Pyongyang,

  • beginning with an underground nuclear test in January and followed by four missile tests,

  • including a space launch believed to be a step toward an intercontinental ballistic missile

  • that could reach the U.S.

  • Recent satellite images also show suspicious activity at North Korea's Yongbyon nuclear facility.

  • It is used to produce plutonium to build nuclear weapons.

  • In response, the U.N., the U.S., and China have all recently imposed

  • harsh new economic sanctions on North Korea,

  • and the U.S. recently flew a nuclear capable B-52 near North Korean air space

  • and sailed a U.S. aircraft carrier near its waters.

  • But North Korea has continued to make progress toward becoming a nuclear power.

  • U.S. policy has failed. We have not stopped them.

  • We've tried ignoring them. We've tried sanctioning them. It doesn't work.

  • U.S. defense officials tell me that the U.S. has already taken several steps

  • to safeguard the U.S. and its allies from a North Korean nuclear strike.

  • This includes boosting the number of ground- based interceptors,

  • and deploying new missile defense to South Korea.

  • This is the high altitude defense system known as THAAD.

  • Though I am told that is still months away.

  • Jim Sciutto, CNN, Washington.

  • For the first time, a sitting U.S. secretary of state

  • has visited a memorial to the nuclear bombing of Hiroshima.

  • Secretary John Kerry is in the Japanese city for a two-day international meeting.

  • It's the site of the first use of an atomic weapon in warfare.

  • In August of 1945, after dropping leaflets warning dozen of Japanese cities of an impending attack,

  • the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

  • It ultimately killed 140,000 people there.

  • Three days later, the U.S. nuclear bombing of Nagasaki killed an additional 70,000.

  • President Harry Truman's decision to use the bomb remains controversial.

  • Some critics say it wasn't necessary.

  • But it's credited with avoiding a U.S. invasion of Japan

  • and leading to Japan's surrender in the end of World War II shortly afterward.

  • Yesterday, Secretary Kerry did not apologize for America's use of the bomb.

  • There's some controversy over whether the U.S. should.

  • He said the trip was to honor those who perished but that it's not about the past.

  • It's about the present and the future.

  • And some of the present issues the U.S. is discussing with several other countries in Japan,

  • North Korea's nuclear threat we mentioned earlier,

  • China's military activity in the South China Sea, chaos in Iraq and Afghanistan,

  • the fight against ISIS terrorists in the Middle East, and concerns about terrorism in Europe.

  • Also, Europe's historic migrant and refugee crisis.

  • This is the first time since World War II

  • that so many millions of people have attempted to enter Europe.

  • Nations in the European and beyond are trying to work together

  • to address the challenges this is creating.

  • "One-for-one" is the expression that's being used

  • to describe the path of the European Union's migration deal with Turkey

  • that says that every Syrian that is returned from Greece to Turkey,

  • the European Union will then accept one of the 2.7 million Syrians

  • that are set to be sheltering in Turkey.

  • The process of choosing which Syrians will be taken from the camps

  • and given a new home in Europe will focus on the most vulnerable,

  • so women and children in particular.

  • And those that have already tried to get to Europe, well,

  • they're going to be further down the back of the cue.

  • There is also a cap.

  • The European Union says it has places for only 72,000 Syrians to be accepted

  • in this "one-for-one" arrangement directly from the refugee camps in Turkey.

  • The one and only place our producers look for your "Roll Call" request,

  • each day's transcript page at CNNStudentNews.com.

  • From western Kazakhstan, we welcome our viewers at QSI International School in Atyrau.

  • It's located in the city of Atyrau.

  • From central Arkansas, we're happy to be part of your day at Flightline Upper Academy.

  • It's at Little Rock Air Force Base. And from Eastern North Dakota, the Valiants are watching.

  • Hello to everyone at Central Valley High School in Buxton.

  • Most hearing aids are priced between $100 and $800.

  • But in India, the world's second most populated country,

  • the income per capita is around $600 a year.

  • For many people there, hearing aids are simply unaffordable.

  • That was the problem. A student in the U.S. came up with a solution.

  • It's a small device that could fit in someone's pocket.

  • It works with headphones and it both tests a person's hearing and then becomes a hearing aid.

  • For two years, Mukund Venkatakrishnan spent hours

  • fiddling with frequencies and tinkering with tones.

  • And two years is a long time, especially --

  • Because I'm only 16, like two years is a long time for me to spend on something.

  • This 16-year-old created this device, a hearing test and aid.

  • It eliminates a need for a doctor altogether.

  • First, the tests, different sounds at different frequencies.

  • You plug in head phones on the normal headphone jack right there.

  • You hear the sound, you click the green button.

  • If you don't hear the sound, you click the yellow button.

  • And after the hearing test is completed, the device program itself start to be a hearing aid.

  • A double duty device, something even he wasn't sure that he could create.

  • I'm just surprised it turned out OK, right,

  • because you never -- it's hard to like see something like this working,

  • like I wanted to quit a lot of times in the middle.

  • But besides his incredible persistence, there's a big reason why he didn't quit.

  • Summer after my freshman year, I went to India and I stayed with my grandparents.

  • And my grandfather has had hearing loss for a little while.

  • And it became Mukund's job to help get him to a doctor for a hearing aid.

  • And the experience was less than ideal.

  • And the process took forever to find an audiologist.

  • Then, once we got there, they ripped us off.

  • And so, I kind of looked into the problem more and that's kind of where I got into the idea.

  • So, when he got home from India, he went to work.

  • I started online.

  • I looked up how to program online and I taught myself how to program.

  • And how to build a device at a price that more people can afford.

  • Yes, 60 bucks is what it is right now,

  • and it's crazy that they cost $1,500 each when you can do it for 60 bucks.

  • Two years working on the project and he still plans on making improvements.

  • But then when you finally, I should get that solution,

  • it's like the best feeling in the world, to finally break through

  • and get that moment of ha-ha, like eureka.

  • I love that feeling and it's kind of what kept me going -- that and my grandfather.

  • This is one of the more relaxing Guinness World Records we've show you.

  • All participants have to do really is lie down on a mattress.

  • It's the largest human mattress dominoes record.

  • Twelve hundred people, 1,200 mattresses

  • and 13 1/2 minutes of folks claiming a title by laying their sleepy heads.

  • An appliance rental company set it all up in a 70,000 square foot conference center.

  • The mattresses will be donated to charities.

  • Maybe setting a world record isn't for everyone,

  • but people were falling all over themselves for this one.

  • They all had a soft place to land.

  • They easily put the record to bed after toppling the old one.

  • There was just domi-no way they'd fail.

  • I'm Carl Azuz, and I'm nodding off.

  • We hope you'll wake up to a new day of CNN STUDENT NEWS tomorrow. Sleep on it.

With the week rolling forward, we're glad you're taking ten minutes for our Tuesday's show, I'm Carl Azuz.

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