Placeholder Image

Subtitles section Play video

  • Twenty-five-and-a-quarter years ago I read

  • a newspaper article which said

  • that one day syringes would be

  • one of the major causes of the spread of AIDS,

  • the transmission of AIDS.

  • I thought this was unacceptable. So I decided to do something about it.

  • Sadly, it's come true. Malaria, as we all know,

  • kills approximately one million people a year.

  • The reuse of syringes now exceeds that

  • and kills 1.3 million people a year.

  • This young girl and her friend

  • that I met in an orphanage in Delhi

  • were HIV positive from a syringe.

  • And what was so sad about this particular story

  • was that once their parents had found out --

  • and don't forget, their parents took them to the doctor --

  • the parents threw them out on the street.

  • And hence they ended up in an orphanage.

  • And it comes from situations like this where

  • you have either skilled or unskilled practitioners,

  • blindly giving an injection to someone.

  • And the injection is so valuable,

  • that the people basically trust

  • the doctor, being second to God, which I've heard many times,

  • to do the right thing. But in fact they're not.

  • And you can understand, obviously, the transmission problem

  • between people in high-virus areas.

  • This video we took undercover,

  • which shows you, over a half an hour period,

  • a tray of medicines of 42 vials,

  • which are being delivered with only 2 syringes in a public hospital in India.

  • And over the course of half an hour, not one syringe

  • was filmed being unwrapped.

  • They started with two and they ended with two.

  • And you'll see, just now, a nurse coming back to the tray,

  • which is their sort of modular station,

  • and dropping the syringe she's just used

  • back in the tray for it to be picked up and used again.

  • So you can imagine the scale of this problem.

  • And in fact in India alone, 62 percent

  • of all injections given

  • are unsafe.

  • These kids in Pakistan don't go to school.

  • They are lucky. They already have a job.

  • And that job is that they go around and pick up syringes

  • from the back of hospitals,

  • wash them, and in the course of this,

  • obviously picking them up they injure themselves.

  • And then they repackage them and sell them out on markets

  • for literally more money

  • than a sterile syringe in the first place, which is quite bizarre.

  • In an interesting photo, their father, while we were talking to him,

  • picked up a syringe and pricked his finger --

  • I don't know whether you can see the drop of blood on the end --

  • and immediately whipped out a box of matches,

  • lit one, and burned the blood off the end of his finger,

  • giving me full assurance

  • that that was the way that you stopped the transmission of HIV.

  • In China, recycling is a major issue.

  • And they are collected en mass -- you can see the scale of it here --

  • and sorted out, by hand, back into the right sizes,

  • and then put back out on the street.

  • So recycling and reuse

  • are the major issues here.

  • But there was one interesting anecdote that I found in Indonesia.

  • In all schools in Indonesia,

  • there is usually a toy seller in the playground.

  • The toy seller, in this case,

  • had syringes, which they usually do,

  • next door to the diggers, which is obviously

  • what you would expect.

  • And they use them, in the breaks, for water pistols.

  • They squirt them at each other, which is lovely and innocent.

  • And they are having great fun.

  • But they also drink from them

  • while they're in their breaks, because it's hot.

  • And they squirt the water into their mouths.

  • And these are used with traces of blood visible.

  • So we need a better product. And we need better information.

  • And I think, if I can just borrow this camera,

  • I was going to show you my invention,

  • which I came up with.

  • So, it's a normal-looking syringe.

  • You load it up in the normal way. This is made

  • on existing equipment in 14 factories that we license.

  • You give the injection and then put it down.

  • If someone then tries to reuse it,

  • it locks and breaks afterwards.

  • It's very, very simple. Thank you.

  • (Applause)

  • And it costs the same as a normal syringe.

  • And in comparison, a Coca-Cola

  • is 10 times the price.

  • And that will stop reusing a syringe 20 or 30 times.

  • And I have an information charity

  • which has done huge scale amount of work in India.

  • And we're very proud of giving information to people,

  • so that little kids like this don't do stupid things.

  • Thank you very much.

  • (Applause)

Twenty-five-and-a-quarter years ago I read

Subtitles and vocabulary

Operation of videos Adjust the video here to display the subtitles

B1 UK TED syringe reuse tray injection transmission

【TED】Marc Koska: 1.3m reasons to re-invent the syringe (Marc Koska: 1.3m reasons to re-invent the syringe)

  • 1609 62
    Max Lin posted on 2016/03/17
Video vocabulary