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  • In June 2016, UK citizens will vote in a referendum to decide if the country will stay in the

  • European Union. Prime Minister David Cameron is urging the nation to stay in the EU -- and

  • this is one of the major reasons why. This is the CalaisJungle’ -- an expansive

  • migrant camp in Calais, northern France. Here many attempt to reach the UK everyday by illegally

  • crossing the Channel, by ferry or through the Eurotunnel. Though Calais does have one

  • of the most secure borders in Europe, Cameron is concerned that this could change if the

  • British Exit from the EU orBrexit”, should go through. So why exactly is the Calais

  • border in jeopardy and what does it mean for the UK?

  • In the last year, wave after wave of migrants have arrived at the Calais Jungle, and thousands

  • have attempted to illegally cross the border into the UK. Migrants from war-torn countries

  • like Syria, Sudan and Afghanistan, try to scale or break through fences in order to

  • climb onto trains or trucks going across the Channel to England.

  • Life in the camp is hard and people here live in squalid conditions, with very little food

  • and no access to basic amenities. The camp is now being dismantled, yet many migrants

  • are still risking life and limb to try and reach the UK. Like France, the UK government

  • offers allowances in housing, healthcare and education to refugees. But because many migrants

  • speak English, the UK is more desireable as many believe that finding work will be easier

  • there.

  • But few ever make it across the Channel because of the the strict security on the Calais border.

  • The border is well financed and that’s attributed to a pact between the UK and France, called

  • the Le Touquet Treaty. Formed in 2003, the treaty allows British immigration officials

  • to conduct passport checks on French soil and allows French immigration to do the same

  • in the UK. As David Cameron points out, what this technically means, is that the UK border

  • falls in France.

  • ...It's an agreement that means that our borders are effectively in Calais not in Dover. That

  • is good for Britain. I want us to keep that.

  • That is why we've helped with fencing, that's why we've helped with finances, that's why

  • we've helped with border guards and cooperation and all the rest of it.

  • In fact, it’s estimated that the UK government is set to spend 12 million pounds on Calais

  • border security over the next three years. And some of that money has already gone toward

  • expanding security fences and monitoring, conducted by heavily-armed French riot police

  • and CCTV cameras.

  • So why is it so critical for the UK to maintain their security measures in Calais? Well, in

  • order to claim asylum in Britain under the 1951 Geneva Convention, migrants can only

  • apply for refugee status if they are on UK soil. So if the Calais border, complete with

  • UK checkpoints is maintained, migrants have virtually zero chance of ever setting foot

  • on UK territory and therefore can’t qualify for asylum there.

  • And this is what David Cameron is afraid Britain’s exit from the EU, will destroy. He’s concerned

  • that France will dissolve the Le Touquet Treaty, meaning the UK border in Calais will have

  • to return to British shores.

  • The fact is there are a lot of opposition politicians in France who would love an excuse

  • to tear up that treaty and would like the border not to be in France but to be in Britain.

  • Essentially, he’s worried that there will be little stopping migrants from entering

  • the UK. And French President Francois Hollande has certainly added fuel to Cameron’s fears

  • over the Brexit, commenting,

  • there will be consequences ... especially in the way we handle the situation in terms

  • of immigration.”

  • In other words, Hollande is issuing a warning to the UK. Which is why Cameron is being so

  • outspoken about staying in the European Union.

  • If we can get this deal in Europe...You know that the borders stay in Calais, you know

  • that we have a seat determining (sic) the rules when it comes to the future of Europe...

  • Though Cameron continues to argue that he is trying to protect the UK from having it’s

  • own Calais Jungle, some critics say that he is merely trying to scare the British people

  • into staying in the EU. Whatever the case may be, the Prime Minister seems determined

  • not to move the UK border from France.

  • David Cameron may not want to leave the European Union but there are many others in the UK

  • that would like to go. Check out this video on Why The UK Wants To Leave The EU.

  • Thanks for watching and don’t forget to subscribe.

In June 2016, UK citizens will vote in a referendum to decide if the country will stay in the

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Why Does France Control The UK's Border?

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    劉宜佳 posted on 2016/03/11
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